Ultimate Jazz Chord Reference Guide


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Zamboni
06-29-2005, 03:16 PM
In this lesson, I have composed a chart of chords not only for use in jazz, but chords commonly found in the jazz genre. The chart shows the type of chord, and which intervals are present in the chord. The chart can be used for any note you wish to be the root of the chord. Remember: The order in which I placed the intervals is NOT necessarily the way you may want to voice them. In fact, some chords are impossible to voice in the order they are placed. This is only a guide as to what notes are in a certain chord. They can be played in any order and still be the exact same chord.

(Note: This chart assumes that the reader has a basic knowledge of intervals relative to major scales. Perhaps a link to another lesson explaining that can be placed here just in case.)

Major Chords:

Major: R 3 5

6th: R 3 5 6
6th add 9: R 9 3 5 6
6th flat 5 add 9: R 9 3 b5 6

7th: R 3 5 b7
7th flat 5: R 3 b5 b7
7th flat 9: R b9 3 5 b7
7th flat 5 flat 9: R b9 3 b5 b7

9th: R 9 3 5 b7

11th: R 9 3 11 5 b7

13th: R 9 3 11 5 13 b7

Maj 7th: R 3 5 7

Maj 9th: R 9 3 5 7

Maj 11th: R 9 3 11 5 7

Maj 13th: R 9 3 11 5 13 7

Minor Chords:

Minor: R b3 5

min 6th: R b3 5 6
min 6th add 9: R 9 b3 5 6

min 7th: R b3 5 b7
min 7th flat 5: R b3 b5 b7

min 9th: R 9 b3 5 b7

min 11th: R 9 b3 11 5 b7

min 13th: R 9 b3 11 5 13 b7

min Maj 7th: R b3 5 7
min Maj 9th: R 9 b3 5 7

Augumented Chords:

aug: R 3 #5

7th aug: R 3 #5 b7
7th aug flat 9: R b9 3 #5 b7

9th aug: R 9 3 #5 b7

Diminished Chords:

half dim: R b3 b5 b7

dim 7th: R b3 b5 bb7

Suspended Chords:

6th sus 4: R 4 5 6
6th sus 4 add 9: R 9 4 5 6

7th sus 4: R 4 5 b7

9th sus 4: R 9 4 5 b7

Maj 7th sus 4: R 4 5 7

Maj 9th sus 4: R 9 4 5 7

And that's all she wrote. I hope that may be of some help to people.

-Zamboni

Shreddy
06-29-2005, 03:28 PM
Hmm, I think I'm going to have to save that one! I've been looking or something like this. Maybe for some of it you should put it in tab format, because some noobs maybe don't know what the 4,5,7 and what not meens. Just a suggest.

slash_pwns
06-29-2005, 03:31 PM
Major Chords:

Major: R 3 5

6th: R 3 5 6
6th add 9: R 9 3 5 6 Order is out... 1 3 5 6 9
6th flat 5 add 9: R 9 3 b5 6 Again, 1 3 b5 6 9

7th: R 3 5 b7
7th flat 5: R 3 b5 b7
7th flat 9: R b9 3 5 b7 1 3 5 b7 b9
7th flat 5 flat 9: R b9 3 b5 b7 1 3 b5 b7 b9

9th: R 9 3 5 b7 1 3 5 b7 9

11th: R 9 3 11 5 b7 1 3 5 b7 9 11. Dont forget that the 9th can be omitted, aswell as the fifth in most cases.

13th: R 9 3 11 5 13 b7 1 3 5 b7 9 11 13. Order! 11th and 9th, aswell as the fifth can be ommited!

Maj 7th: R 3 5 7

Maj 9th: R 9 3 5 7 1 3 5 7 9

Maj 11th: R 9 3 11 5 7 1 3 5 7 9 11. Same deal with ommiting the 9th, etc..

Maj 13th: R 9 3 11 5 13 7 1 3 5 7 9 11 13. Omit the notes, etc...

Minor Chords:

Minor: R b3 5

min 6th: R b3 5 6 m6 is acceptable. Some might prefer m(6), though.
min 6th add 9: R 9 b3 5 6 1 b3 5 6 9

min 7th: R b3 5 b7
min 7th flat 5: R b3 b5 b7 This is also called half diminished!

min 9th: R 9 b3 5 b7 1 b3 5 b7 9

min 11th: R 9 b3 11 5 b7 1 b3 5 b7 9 11

min 13th: R 9 b3 11 5 13 b7 1 b3 5 b7 9 11 13

min Maj 7th: R b3 5 7 aka m/maj7
min Maj 9th: R 9 b3 5 7 1 b3 5 7 9

Augumented Chords:

aug: R 3 #5

7th aug: R 3 #5 b7
7th aug flat 9: R b9 3 #5 b7 1 3 #5 b7 b9

9th aug: R 9 3 #5 b7 1 3 #5 b7 9... aug9, or +9

Diminished Chords:

half dim: R b3 b5 b7 you did mention it!

dim 7th: R b3 b5 bb7

Suspended Chords:

6th sus 4: R 4 5 6
6th sus 4 add 9: R 9 4 5 6 1 4 5 6 9... Odd chord can be named differently, depending on root.

7th sus 4: R 4 5 b7 aka 'sus'

9th sus 4: R 9 4 5 b7 1 4 5 b7 9

Maj 7th sus 4: R 4 5 7

Maj 9th sus 4: R 9 4 5 7 1 4 5 7 9

And that's all she wrote. I hope that may be of some help to people.

Maybe name it 'Chord Construction' lol... This has been covered before... Don't know what others think. Definately not Ultimate.

priest.fan.
06-29-2005, 03:31 PM
Originally posted by Shreddy
Hmm, I think I'm going to have to save that one! I've been looking or something like this. Maybe for some of it you should put it in tab format, because some noobs maybe don't know what the 4,5,7 and what not meens. Just a suggest.

It would probably be better to give a brief explanation of intervals and scales, because then they walk away with some new knowledge. But very nice, maybe this will be my gateway to experimenting in the jazz world lol :cheers:

Zamboni
06-29-2005, 03:39 PM
slash, i mentioned that the order doesn't matter.

slash_pwns
06-29-2005, 03:40 PM
http://www.ultimate-guitar.com/lessons/chords/guide_to_chord_formation.html

To make this unique, you could do something similar to what I did with the mode dictionary, by making voicings for those chords, for all 12 notes of the chromatic scale.

Also, add a section on inversions, and X/Y (slash chords), and add chords. You've got some 'splainin' to do. ;)

EDIT: The order does matter...

Zamboni
06-29-2005, 03:45 PM
Originally posted by slash_pwns
http://www.ultimate-guitar.com/lessons/chords/guide_to_chord_formation.html

yeah, that guy's lesson pwns mine


EDIT: The order does matter... [/B]
You are wrong. The order does not matter. If I wanted to play a major chord, I could start on the root, 3rd or 5th, and have the remaining notes in whatever order I wanted. The order has absolutely no bearing whatsoever on the chord.

slash_pwns
06-29-2005, 03:52 PM
Well, if you want to call it a _maj9 chord, your formula is 1 3 5 7 9. The way you have it is _maj7(add2).

Just change the order. It wont kill you, seriously.

Zamboni
06-29-2005, 03:56 PM
Originally posted by slash_pwns
Well, if you want to call it a _maj9 chord, your formula is 1 3 5 7 9. The way you have it is _maj7(add2).

Just change the order. It wont kill you, seriously.

Oh my god. If you seriously think that a Maj 9th chord is different from a Maj 7th add 2, then you have no business correcting me. They are exactly the same chord. A 9th is a 2nd. Just a different way of expressing it.

The order does not need to be changed.

slash_pwns
06-29-2005, 04:03 PM
Well, even if you don't change it, it's still an un needed lesson, and you missed parts that are required.

EDIT: I still think the order matters... I want to see what other people think... Not to mention its good 'form'.

Zamboni
06-29-2005, 04:08 PM
I wrote it in that order simply because the interval order is the closest to the root note of your chord. (E.g. In the key of C, it goes C, D, E... up to B) In the case of, let's say: C min 13th. The notes, from the root, are: C D Eb F G A Bb. Those intervals, in order of the notes are: R 9 b3 11 5 13 b7, exactly the way I wrote it. Those are all the possible notes of that chord.

slash_pwns
06-29-2005, 04:21 PM
I'm going to be picky here. The 9 is supposed to be the octave of the 2, so in a maj9 chord, you dont have 1 9 3 5 7, because... 1 9 3 5 7? That doesnt work. 1 3 5 7 9. Its like that for a reason, and you're the only one that I've seen order them like that. People are going to read this and say the exact same thing I did..

Even if SD/Rankles/who ever thinks it would be beneficial to submit this, you've still got a long ways to go. You havent even edited the first post... with "Also, add a section on inversions, and X/Y (slash chords), and add chords. You've got some 'splainin' to do."

Also, when you say "(Note: This chart assumes that the reader has a basic knowledge of intervals relative to major scales. Perhaps a link to another lesson explaining that can be placed here just in case.)" You're going to have to link to one of your own pieces.

Zamboni
06-29-2005, 04:33 PM
Originally posted by slash_pwns
I'm going to be picky here. The 9 is supposed to be the octave of the 2
wrong. they are the same note. octave doesn't matter.

Corwinoid
06-29-2005, 05:01 PM
^ Octave does matter; compound intervals don't invert, and are related to the root they're built from.

Rankles
06-29-2005, 06:12 PM
Hey! This isn't musician talk. What Silent Deftone says goes in here so when he gets here it's down to him. Now stop bickering.

Slash_pwns quit the attitude.

Rockfall
07-05-2005, 12:26 PM
good article... im sorry zamboni though i have to agree with slash.. 9 is an octave of 2 (well if otherwise what is the point of calling it a 9?)

Zamboni
07-05-2005, 06:17 PM
^ Ok, I was wrong about the 9th. But my order still stands. If the ninth of a C9 is a D, I will place the 9th as the second note of the chord, because it is the closest note to the root. (R 9 3 5 b7)

slash_pwns
07-05-2005, 06:25 PM
I still dont get that...

Where SD been? :p:

Rockfall
07-05-2005, 06:37 PM
hes right slash... it doesnt necessarily matter where he puts it, because the 9th has to be an octave higher than the root and since it is in a higher position than the root it works

bu technically id say its better in at the end, because then it shows a full octave of the root (to 8) and then it goes to the 9 :D

actually im not sure now lol

Zamboni
07-05-2005, 06:56 PM
^ Well, my guitar teacher, who is an accomplished jazz musician and awesome theorist taught it to me that way.

slash_pwns
07-05-2005, 07:36 PM
^But what do YOU think? Sometimes you gotta do stuff for yourself :p:

As for the lesson, go ahead and keep all the stuff, but atleast do something about the intervals, etc... People are be like, "Ultimate Jazz Chord Reference!>!?!?!?!?!1one!!!?!/1" and discover its justa bunch of extended chord formulas.

Zamboni
07-05-2005, 08:24 PM
Originally posted by slash_pwns
"Ultimate Jazz Chord Reference!>!?!?!?!?!1one!!!?!/1"
roflcopter :haha

SilentDeftone
07-07-2005, 10:13 AM
Chill out, I was spending time with a family member whose health isn't so great at the moment. Family > UG for me man.

This doesn't seem like more than a halfway decent MT post. Unless you do major expansion, I don't approve. Sorry.

-SD :dance:

DanWodEls8
07-13-2005, 09:44 PM
WOW! I am amazed!

Punkarse
07-18-2005, 04:12 PM
What the fucks a 'jazz chord'? A chord's a chord. Any chord extended beyond a 7th is still a chord, not a jazz chord or, an anything chord.

I want the Ultimate [insert shity genre of your choice here] Chord Reference Guide! I won't rest until I have it.

Seriously though, jazz be definition uses (at the same time) all the chords and none of the chords. So how can this thing be 'ultimate'?

sillybuuger12
08-13-2005, 07:28 PM
it would be nice if they were in chord box form so we could REALLY use this

Zamboni
08-13-2005, 07:30 PM
Originally posted by sillybuuger12
it would be nice if they were in chord box form so we could REALLY use this
You can really use this.

You just need to have an intelligence greater than a spoon.

sillybuuger12
08-13-2005, 07:45 PM
ok i'm not as inteligent as a spoon then even though i'm about to do english at Uni

but if i can't get it i doubt a great deal of UG will and i'm actually interested in this they may not be as interested

Zamboni
08-13-2005, 07:48 PM
Originally posted by sillybuuger12
but if i can't get it i doubt a great deal of UG will and i'm actually interested in this they may not be as interested
I'll just let you decide how the first part of your post sounds, but as for the second:

If you can't get it, and you actually are interested, take some initiative and learn how intervals work. Once you learn that, then this lesson will make perfect sense.

sillybuuger12
08-13-2005, 07:51 PM
sorry i'm not having a go at you i was trying to make a bit of usefull input

Zamboni
08-13-2005, 07:53 PM
^ I know that, don't worry about it.

SethMegadefan
08-13-2005, 11:36 PM
Wow. Zamboni, I have to give you the most heartfelt thanks I think I'll ever give to anyone.

Zamboni
08-14-2005, 01:51 PM
Originally posted by SethMegadefan
Wow. Zamboni, I have to give you the most heartfelt thanks I think I'll ever give to anyone.
lol why? the lesson? it's not that great lol.

SethMegadefan
08-14-2005, 03:59 PM
^Stop being so modest, you're making me sick.
:puke:

Zamboni
08-14-2005, 08:38 PM
^haha thanks man :cheers:

SethMegadefan
08-14-2005, 08:41 PM
Wow, that's actually the only tme I've ever gotten a "thanks" when the last thing I post is the puke smilie. Now I feel weird.
:cheers:

nightwind
09-05-2005, 01:40 AM
For the sake of format..

'Jazz Chords' (http://www.apassion4jazz.net/jazz_chords.html)