7th Chords Inversions

author: Sir_Taffey date: 08/23/2013 category: chords
rating: 8.8 / votes: 16 
7th Chords Inversions
I felt like writing just a short fun lesson on something that I have been looking at before I go to bed, so onto the lesson! So now that we are all theory wizards, let's call out the degrees of a major 7th chord: 1st! 3rd! 5th! 7th! Now let's put that into perspective in G Major! Why? Because I'm giving the lesson and I don't feel like transposing my tabs. G! B! D! F#! So this is exciting, now let's try the G minor 7th chord: G, Bb, D, F. Minor third, minor 7th. We got that? Ok, now dominant 7th chord: G, B, D, F. Major 3rd, minor 7th. Now that we have that out of the way, let's see these inversions. I'll give you the inversions for all of these chords running up the G major scale. Practice them as you will, I would recommend remembering the number of the inverted shapes, i.e. root, 1st inversion, 2nd inversion, 3rd inversion. It helps when you play in different keys or want a chord other than G Major/Minor/Dominant 7th (or their inversions).
 Gmaj7                   Gmaj7/B                    Gmaj7/D                  
  Q     Q    Q    Q       Q       Q    Q    Q        Q      Q     Q    Q     
-----------------------|-------------------------|--------------------------|
------------------3----|--------------------7----|---------------------8----|
-------------4---------|---------------7---------|---------------11---------|
--------4--------------|----------5--------------|----------9---------------|
-----------------------|-------------------------|--------------------------|
--3--------------------|--7----------------------|--10----------------------|

   Gmaj7/F#                   
   Q        Q     Q     Q     
-----------------------------|
-----------------------12----|
-----------------12----------|
-----------12----------------|
-----------------------------|
--14-------------------------|

 Gm7                      Gm7/Bb                 
   Q     Q     Q     Q    Q      Q    Q    Q     
|----------------------|------------------------|
|-----------------3----|-------------------6----|
|------------3---------|--------------7---------|
|-------3--------------|---------5--------------|
|----------------------|------------------------|
|--3-------------------|--6---------------------|

    Gm7/D                    Gm7/F                   
    Q    Q     Q    Q        Q     Q     Q     Q     
|------------------------|--------------------------|
|-------------------8----|--------------------11----|
|-------------10---------|--------------12----------|
|--------8---------------|--------12----------------|
|------------------------|--------------------------|
|--10--------------------|--13----------------------|

  G7                     G7/B                    G7/D                        
          Q    Q    Q    Q       Q    Q    Q    Q        Q    Q     Q    Q   
-------|----------------------|----------------------|----------------------|
-------|-----------------3----|-----------------6----|-------------------8--|
-------|------------4---------|------------7---------|-------------10-------|
-------|-------3--------------|-------5--------------|--------9-------------|
-------|----------------------|----------------------|----------------------|
-------|--3-------------------|--7-------------------|--10------------------|

   G7/F                    
   Q     Q     Q     Q     
--------------------------|
--------------------12----|
--------------12----------|
--------12----------------|
--------------------------|
--13----------------------|
This isn't a theory lesson on what they are or how to apply them, but here is a nice starting point for them :) And just for the sake of doing it, here are Major and Minor 6th chords, same concept as a 7th, except the chord has the added 6th degree. Same story as before:
   G6                   
   Q    Q    Q    Q     
|----------------------|
|-----------------3----|
|------------4---------|
|-------2--------------|
|----------------------|
|--3-------------------|

  G6/B                    G6/D                    G6/E                    
  Q    Q    Q    Q        Q    Q    Q    Q        Q     Q     Q     Q     
----------------------|-----------------------|--------------------------|
-----------------5----|------------------8----|--------------------12----|
------------7---------|-------------9---------|--------------12----------|
-------5--------------|--------9--------------|--------12----------------|
----------------------|-----------------------|--------------------------|
--7-------------------|--10-------------------|--12----------------------|
And here are your minor 6th inversions to take and play around with:
  Gm6                    Gm6/Bb                    Gm6/D              
   Q    Q    Q    Q       Q      Q    Q    Q        Q    Q    Q    Q  
|----------------------|------------------------|--------------------|
|-----------------3----|-------------------5----|------------------8-|
|------------3---------|--------------7---------|-------------9------|
|-------2--------------|---------5--------------|--------8-----------|
|----------------------|------------------------|--------------------|
|--3-------------------|--6---------------------|--10----------------|

   Gm6/E                   
   Q     Q     Q     Q     
--------------------------|
--------------------11----|
--------------12----------|
--------12----------------|
So for a closing note, no example here, I just play these and try to play chord progressions with them. Try looking for some jazz sequences that use 7ths. The good old II-V is a simple place to start. Have fun :)
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