A Good Start For Beginners. Part 4

author: pHiLLa date: 06/24/2011 category: for beginners
rating: 7.7 / votes: 10 
Hey folks I'm back for a fourth part of my beginner series. Firstly I would like to apologize for being m.i.a for a while I was driving one night and a tree decided to come and take a closer look at my car . . Anyway I am going to cover "barre chords" in this section. P.s Im not going to include my warm up exercise today because you should know it by now! Okay first of all there is a difference between "barre chords" and "power chords" Bar Chords are chords that have your index finger holding down more than one string and not playing with any open strings A Power Chord is a chord consisting of 2 notes. The two notes are the I and V degrees. People use power chords because they are neither major nor minor. This is because they don't have a third degree, and the third degree tells you whether a chord is major or minor. They are also used because they give the feel of raw power. So a very important aspect of learning barre chords would be to know the notes on your Low E (6th string) and your A string (5th string) up until the 12th fret because they will be our ROOT notes for our barre chords, this doesn't happen over night so try and memorize them at your own pace. the notes are
 A|A#-B-C-C#-D-D#-E-F-F#-G-G#-A
 E|F-F#-G-G#-A-A#-B-C-C#-D-D#-E
why do you need to know this? simply because if you pick any note on those strings and make it the root then that is going to be the barre chord. Note : I know there are also flat notes in between but don't mind them now. For barre chords there are 2 chords you MUST know the E and A chord
E chord - |-0-|      A - Chord  |-0-|  
  |-0-|                 |-2-|(P)
          |-1-|(I)              |-2-|(R)
          |-2-|(R)              |-2-|(M)
          |-2-|(M)              |-0-|
          |-0-|                 |-0-|
Why them? in retrospect you just use those chords "shape" and move all along the fretboard to create barre chords but let's look into it. Let's start with the first type: bar chords derived from the E chord. To make a bar chord out of the E chord, we need to change the fingering. Instead of fretting the chord with finger (I), (R) and (M) we're going to fret it with finger (R), (M) and (P)
so E chord - |-0-|
             |-0-|
             |-1-|(M)
             |-2-|(R)
             |-2-|(P)
             |-0-|
Now what you do is you slide all your 1 fret higer on the neck So your "E chord" will now look like this
|-0-|
|-0-|
|-2-|(M)
|-3-|(R)
|-3-|(P)
|-0-|
But now take your index finger (I) and place it on the first fret try and get all the strings and press down hard on them, don't worry if you don't get it the first time it takes some getting use to.
In tab form your doing this - |-1-|(I)
                              |-1-|(I)
                              |-2-|(M)
                              |-3-|(R)
                              |-3-|(P)
                              |-1-|(I)
remember I said know the notes on the E and A strings? the note on the first fret on you low E (thickest string) is F so what you have here is an F major barre chord. The great thing about these chords is that they are completely movable. So if you move the chord down a fret then you know that the chord is raised a half step. (example: C would be raised to C#). Let's look at this more in depth. NOTE - Im going to raise the chords a full step (2 frets)
F major - |-1-|(I)
          |-1-|(I)
          |-2-|(M)
          |-3-|(R)
          |-3-|(P)
          |-1-|(I)
 
G major - |-3-|(I)
          |-3-|(I)
          |-4-|(M)
          |-5-|(R)
          |-5-|(P)
          |-3-|(I)
 
A major - |-5-|(I)
          |-5-|(I)
          |-6-|(M)
          |-7-|(R)
          |-7-|(P)
          |-5-|(I)
 
B major - |-7-|(I)
          |-7-|(I)
          |-8-|(M)
          |-9-|(R)
          |-9-|(P)
          |-7-|(I)
 
C major - |-8-| (I)
          |-8-| (I)
          |-9-| (M)
          |-10-|(R)
          |-10-|(P)
          |-8-| (I)
 
D major - |-10-|(I)
          |-10-|(I)
          |-11-|(M)
          |-12-|(R)
          |-12-|(P)
          |-10-|(I)
 
E major - |-12-|(I)
          |-12-|(I)
          |-13-|(M)
          |-14-|(R)
          |-14-|(P)
          |-12-|(I)
Those were the Major barre chord shapes using the E chord form, with the Low E (Thickest string our root) Now I will show you the Minor chord shapes, keeping the E chord shape as well as the Low E our root.
F minor - |-1-|(I)
          |-1-|(I)
          |-1-|(I)   
          |-3-|(R)
          |-3-|(P)
          |-1-|(I)
 
G minor - |-3-|(I)
          |-3-|(I)
          |-3-|(I)
          |-5-|(R)
          |-5-|(P)
          |-3-|(I)
 
A minor - |-5-|(I)
          |-5-|(I)
          |-5-|(I)
          |-7-|(R)
          |-7-|(P)
          |-5-|(I)
 
B minor - |-7-|(I)
          |-7-|(I)
          |-7-|(I)
          |-9-|(R)
          |-9-|(P)
          |-7-|(I)
 
C minor - |-8-| (I)
          |-8-| (I)
          |-8-| (I)
          |-10-|(R)
          |-10-|(P)
          |-8-| (I)
 
D minor - |-10-|(I)
          |-10-|(I)
          |-10-|(I)
          |-12-|(R)
          |-12-|(P)
          |-10-|(I)
 
E minor - |-12-|(I)
          |-12-|(I)
          |-12-|(I)
          |-14-|(R)
          |-14-|(p)
          |-12-|(I)
Notice that the only difference between the Major and Minor chords is the note on the G string. Or in other words with Major chords you use your Middle finger and with Minor chords you don't. That concludes barre chords derived from the E chord shape. Now on to barre chords derived from the A chord shape. Here we are going to use all the notes on our A (5th) string here they are again - A|A#-B-C-C#-D-D#-E-F-F#-G-G#-A Now to make the A shaped barre chords we won't change the fingering like we did with the E chord so
A chord - |-0-|
          |-2-|(P)
          |-2-|(M)
          |-2-|(R)
          |-0-|
          |-0-|
 
Move the chord up 2 frets
 
A chord - |-0-|
          |-4-|(P)
          |-4-|(M)
          |-4-|(R)
          |-0-|
          |-0-|
Now like I said with the A shape barre chords our root is on the A (5th) string, we don't play the low E (6th) string here. NOTE: With A shape barre chords there are 2 issues 1, seeing that you don't play the low E (6th) string there is always a possibility that you might strike the low E string resulting in a bad sounding chord, what I do i move my index finger a bit closer to the low E string to mute it so if I hit it by accident its a dud sound instead of the open E. 2. its extremely hard to bar the A chord because there is a posibilty of your pinkie muting the high E (1st) string. But with a little practice and a lot of patience you'll get it. So take your (I) index finger and bar the second fret starting on your A (5th) string.
So you get - |-2-|(I)
             |-4-|(P)
             |-4-|(M)
             |-4-|(R)
             |-2-|(I)
             |-x-| - "x" means mute/don't play that string
We know the note on the second string second fret is B so the result is : a B major barre chord. Again these chords are move able so if you keep your root on the A (5th) string you can get different chords.
B major - |-2-|(I) 
          |-4-|(P) 
          |-4-|(M)
          |-4-|(R)
          |-2-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
C major - |-3-|(I)
          |-5-|(P)
          |-5-|(M)
          |-5-|(R)
          |-3-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
D major - |-5-|(I)
          |-7-|(P)
          |-7-|(M)
          |-7-|(R)
          |-5-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
E major - |-7-|(I)
          |-9-|(P)
          |-9-|(M)
          |-9-|(R)
          |-7-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
F major - |-8-|  (I)
          |-10-| (P)
          |-10-| (M)
          |-10-| (R)
          |-8-|  (I)
          |-x-|
 
G major - |-10-|(I)
          |-12-|(P)
          |-12-|(M)
          |-12-|(R)
          |-10-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
A major - |-12-|(I)
          |-14-|(P)
          |-14-|(M)
          |-14-|(R)
          |-12-|(I)
          |-x-|
So that's your Major barre chords on the A shape using the A (5th) string as our root. NOTE: For those of you that did some research there are other ways of playing A shape barre chords using your pinkie as another bar but I find it too difficult for beginners. On to Minor barre chords using the A shape and A (5th) string as our root. We also just change 1 note on the B string, (when we used the low E as our root we changed only the note on the G string) to make it easier to understand the "shape" here is exactly the same as the A minor chord.
A minor - |-0-|
          |-1-|(I)
          |-2-|(R)
          |-2-|(M)
          |-0-|
          |-x-|
Move the chord up 2 frets, and bar the second fret starting at the A (5th) string
Result - |-2-|(I)    
         |-3-|(M)
         |-4-|(R)
         |-4-|(P)
         |-2-|(I)
         |-x-|
Our root is exactly the same as with major chords, second fret 5th string which is B so you get a B minor barre chord. And we just move it along the fretboard as we did with all the other chords, keeping our shape and the root on the A (5th) string.
B minor - |-2-|(I)
          |-3-|(M)
          |-4-|(R)
          |-4-|(P)
          |-2-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
C minor - |-3-|(I)
          |-4-|(M)
          |-5-|(R)
          |-5-|(P)
          |-3-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
D minor - |-5-|(I)
          |-6-|(M)
          |-7-|(R)
          |-7-|(P)
          |-5-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
E minor - |-7-|(I)
          |-8-|(M)
          |-9-|(R)
          |-9-|(P)
          |-7-|(I)
          |-x-|
 
F minor - |-8-| (I)
          |-9-| (M)
          |-10-|(R)
          |-10-|(P)
          |-8-| (I)
          |-x-|
 
G minor - |-10-|(I)
          |-11-|(M)
          |-12-|(R)
          |-12-|(P)
          |-10-|(I) 
          |-x-|
 
A minor - |-12-|(I)
          |-13-|(M)
          |-14-|(R)
          |-14-|(P)
          |-12-|(I)
          |-x-|
So that concludes barre chords, pardon if you got bored half way, this is really a huge step for beginners and I'm pretty sure this will cause confusion. My advice would be to break it up in 2 parts first try and master the "E" shape barre chords and after them the "A" shape barre chords. Please feel free to ask or request anything you need help with, and thanks to each and everyone of you guys who actually appreciates my lessons, again I would like to add that all my lessons are strictly for BEGINNERS and I try to avoid stuffing too much theory into it. Rock on friends..
More pHiLLa lessons:
+ Tabs For Those Just Starting Out For Beginners 10/13/2011
+ A Good Start For Beginners. Part 3 For Beginners 05/03/2011
+ A Good Start For Beginners. Part 2 For Beginners 03/15/2011
+ A Good Start For Beginners For Beginners 03/09/2011
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