Guitar Chords for Beginners

author: gitbad date: 06/28/2013 category: for beginners
rating: 8.4 / votes: 11 
Guitar Chords for Beginners
Guitar chords can be easy to learn when they are presented to you in a particular sequence.

This video lesson shows you the easy way to play 10 essential guitar chords for beginners, including open chords and bar chords:



The notes and tabs for these chords are explained below. The chords you will learn are: Em, E, Am, C, D, A, B, B7, G, and F.

Note: for the chord diagrams your index finger = 1, the middle is = 2, the ring is = 3 and the pinky is = 4.

E Minor (Em guitar chord) is played here as an open chord, which means that one or more open strings are included in this chord shape. The Em chord is a good place to start since its only requires 2 strings to be fretted. The notes in an Em chord are E (root), B (perfect 5th) and G (minor 3rd).

Chord Diagram and TAB for Em:



E Minor Chord Diagram

E Minor TAB


The number one tip for holding most guitar chords is to use your finger tips and to keep the fingers curved, kind of like a claw!

Now that you know Em, it's easy now to transition into an E major chord, because all you need to do is add your index finger to the first fret of the G string.

The notes that make up an E major chord are E (root), B (perfect 5th) and G# (major 3rd). Here is the chord diagram and tabs for E major:



E Chord Diagram

E Major TAB


The next easy guitar chord you will learn is A minor, and it's easy because all you need to do is move your E major chord shape down one string each, and play this chord beginning with an open A string. The notes in A minor are A (root), E (perfect 5th) and C (minor 3rd).



A Minor Chord Diagram

A Minor TAB


Now we're onto a C major open chord, which is easy to transition into from A minor, because all you need to do is move your ring finger from the 2nd fret of G to the first fret on the A String (a C note). The notes in C major chords are C (root), G (perfect 5th) and E (major 3rd).



C Major Chord Diagram

C Major TAB


Next up is an open D major guitar chord, using the index finger for the 2nd fret of G, the middle for the 3rd fret on B and the ring finger for the 2nd fret on the e string. The notes are D (root), A (perfect 5th) and F# (major 3rd). Chord diagram and tab for D guitar chord:



D Major Chord Diagram

D Major TAB


Now we're onto an open A major guitar chord, which is played by fretting along the second frets of the B, G and D strings. You could use all three fingers to play this chord, or just your index finger! Start at the open A String and play down to the open E.

An A major chord is made up of the notes A (root), E (perfect 5th) and C# (major 3rd). Here are the chord diagrams for the different ways you can hold this shape:



A Major Using Index, Middle, Ring Fingers

A Major Using Middle, Ring, Pinky Fingers

A Major using index finger only

A Major TAB


Now for a B guitar chord, which is based off an A major shape. B guitar chords must be played as a bar chord, and in this video you're learning the version which has a root note on the A string (2nd fret B note). The notes in B major chords are B (root note), F# (perfect 5th) and D# (major 3rd).



B Chord Diagram

B Major TAB

B Major TAB


The B7 chord (B dominant 7th) can be played as an open chord, unlike B major, and it sounds very nice also! You will need all four fingers for this one. The notes in a B7 chord are B (root note), F# (perfect 5th), A (dominant 7th) and D# (major 3rd).



B7 Chord Diagram

B7 chord TAB


G major is another full chord shape that sounds great when played as an open chord. You also have the option of playing either an open B string, or the 3rd fret of B (D note). The notes in G major are G (root note), D (perfect 5th) and B (major 3rd).



G using middle, index, ring fingers

G using middle, index, pinky fingers

G with extra extra D note (3rd fret of B)

G Major TAB


Finally, we are at the last chord, the dreaded F guitar chord. This is a full bar chord shape, and you it's easiest to learn if you begin with an open E major chord and move it over one fret, then use your index finger to bar the 1st fret of all the strings.

The F major chord is made up of the notes F (root), C (perfect 5th), and A (major 3rd).



F Chord Diagram

F chord TAB


So that's it! Learning these chords has hopefully been made easier for you. You can always practice these and more chords with free guitar lessons from Ultimate Guitar!
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