Intervals - Finally Explained Part 2

author: daniel.kPL date: 05/30/2013 category: for beginners
rating: 7.4 / votes: 19 
Intervals - Finally Explained Part 2
Welcome to the second part of intervals lesson. It's been a while, but I hope it was worth waiting. I assume, that you know the theory behind this lesson, described in the previous one, if you don't, go back, and assimilate the knowledge. You can find the lesson here. So, knowing the theory, you will be able to understand what's going on here. The point of this lesson is practicing the interval shapes, all over the fretboard. The tabs below, which look like a too long sales slip show up every interval from the root to the octave. There is not much talking here, so getting to the point: 1. Learn the theory behind the intervals, by reading the previous lesson. 2. Play every shape ALL OVER THE FRETBOARD, and try to remember it. 3. Give yourself some time to assimilate the rule of changing the shapes of the intervals that land on the B string. As many of my lessons, this is mostly DIY. Remember, that reading the lessons doesn't make you a better guitarist. Grab your guitar NOW, and try every example! :) Also, important thing is that you don't rush trough this, and practice slowly and methodically. Getting to remember all the shapes can take some time, and it's more like few weeks than few days. Be patient and precise. Here's the list. *** 0 semitones : root C to C
E |----------||
B |----------||
G |----------||
D |----------||
A |----------||
E |--8--8----||
*** 1 semitone : minor second - from C to Db
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |----------|----------||
A |----------|----------||
E |--8--9----|--9--8----||
*** 2 semitones : major second - from C to D
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |----------|----------||
A |----------|----------||
E |--8--10---|--10-8----||
*** 3 semitones : minor third - from C to Eb
   one string             two strings           
E |----------|----------|----------|----------||
B |----------|----------|----------|----------||
G |----------|----------|----------|----------||
D |----------|----------|----------|----------||
A |----------|----------|-----6----|--6-------||
E |--8--11---|--11-8----|--8-------|-----8----||
*** 4 semitones : major third - from C to E
    one string            two strings           
E |----------|----------|----------|----------||
B |----------|----------|----------|----------||
G |----------|----------|----------|----------||
D |----------|----------|----------|----------||
A |----------|----------|-----7----|--7-------||
E |--8--12---|--12-8----|--8-------|-----8----||
*** 5 semitones : perfect fourth - from C to F
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |----------|----------||
A |-----8----|--8-------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** 6 semitones : tritone - from C to F#
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |----------|----------||
A |-----9----|--9-------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** 7 semitones : perfect fifth - from C to G
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |----------|----------||
A |-----10---|--10------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** 8 semitones : minor sixth - from C to Ab
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |----------|----------||
A |-----11---|--11------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** 9 semitones : major sixth - from C to A
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |-----7----|--7-------||
A |----------|----------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** 10 semitones : minor seventh - from C to Bb
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |-----8----|--8-------||
A |----------|----------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** 11 semitones : major seventh - from C to B
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |-----9----|--9-------||
A |----------|----------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** 12 semitones : octave - from C to C
E |----------|----------||
B |----------|----------||
G |----------|----------||
D |-----10---|--10------||
A |----------|----------||
E |--8-------|-----8----||
*** Important! When the interval "lands" on the B string, you have to alter the higher note, to fit musically. It happens due to the tuning of the B string. (Just to remind - E to A, A to D, D to G, are the strings tuned in perfect fourths, and the G to B is a major third.) Check out the example by playing the perfect fifth shape like this: Perfect fifth shape, but it's not a musically perfect fifth.
E |----------|----------||
B |-----7----|--7-------||
G |--5-------|-----5----||
D |----------|----------||
A |----------|----------||
E |----------|----------||
As you can hear, it's not quite perfect fifth sound. To be exact, it's a tritone. Now, raise the higher note - F# to a G, and you will hear a perfect fifth. Play the example: Correct perfect fifth shape, musically ok.
E |----------|----------||
B |-----8----|--8-------||
G |--5-------|-----5----||
D |----------|----------||
A |----------|----------||
E |----------|----------||
This rule goes to the every interval you will play. Here are the examples of correct interval shapes: Octave:
E |----------|----------||
B |-----13---|--13------||
G |----------|----------||
D |--10------|-----10---||
A |----------|----------||
E |----------|----------||
Pefect fourth:
E |----------|----------||
B |-----6----|--6-------||
G |--5-------|-----5----||
D |----------|----------||
A |----------|----------||
E |----------|----------||
That's pretty all, and remember that these are only the basic interval shapes, and you can find many, many more ways to play them on the fretboard, but use it to your advantage, by simplifying this, and for now, just use these that I gave you. Thanks for your attention. Practice a lot and enjoy the results. If I can ask... Jump to my Facebook profile, and gave me like! :) By Daniel Kaczmarczyk
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