Natural And Harp Harmonics

author: PJVILL date: 12/15/2010 category: for beginners
rating: 7 / votes: 2 
Basic Harmonics By PJVillanueva NATURAL HARMONICS are produced with the fretting hand slightly touching open strings at some frets (3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 12, 16 and also some places over the soundhole) with te tip or back of your fretting hand fingers. You must have in mind that when you are playing chords you put your fingers right in the middle of two consecutive frets, but when you are playing scales (mostly when you play fast) it is advisable to put your fingers right behind the fret which is closer to the bridge, not the one closer to the neck, and If you are playing harmonics even over it, not just in the space between frets as with chords. Harmonics come high and clear on frets 5, 7, 9, 12, 16, etc., but those produced on frets 3, 4 and on other places between neck and bridge may prove a little more difficult to produce, although it's all a matter of practice. Frets 4 and 9 produce the same harmonics (maybe at the 9th fret they come a little easier than on the 4th). Every guitar is different from all the rest so look for the best spots on your guitar to produce them. Of course good guitars will produce more and better harmonics than cheaper models. You can pluck the strings with your fingers (mostly thumb and index) or with a pick, but remember that you must release the touch of your fretting hand's fingers just as you pluck with the other. Repeat some examples a few times as slow as you need at first and they'll come out very easily.
           +         +         +        +         +    
 
e|---------5---------7---------9--------12--------16---------|
B|---------5---------7---------9--------12--------16---------|
G|---------5---------7---------9--------12--------16---------|
D|---------5---------7---------9--------12--------16---------|
A|---------5---------7---------9--------12--------16---------|
E|---------5---------7---------9--------12--------16---------|
 
         +       +      +       +      +       +      +
 
e|-----------------------------------------------------------|
B|-----------------------------------------------------------|
G|-------12--------------------------------------------------|
D|---------------7------12-----------------------------------|
A|------------------------------7------12--------------------|
E|---------------------------------------------7------12-----|
 
  +       +      +       +      +      +      +      +
 
e|---------------------------------------------------5-------|
B|--------------------------------------------5--------------|
G|-------------------------------------5---------------------|
D|----------------5-------------4----------------------------|
A|--------4--------------3-----------------------------------|
E|3----------------------------------------------------------|
 
  G Lydian
 
  +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +       
e|-------------------12---------------12---------------------|
B|-------12---------------7-------7--------------12----------|
G|12--------------------------5---------------------------12-|
D|----------------5-----------------------5------------------|
A|----5-------9-------------------------------9-------5------|
E|-----------------------------------------------------------|
 
You can alternate harmonics with real notes R as seen below.
 
Em pentatonic
 
  +    +    +    +    +    +   R   +    R   +    R   +    R
 
e|-----12----------------------0-----------------------------|
B|12------------12----------------------0--------------------|
G|----------7-------------12---------------------0-----------|
D|--------------------7------------12---------------------0--|
A|------------------------------------------12---------------|
E|---------------------------------------------------12------|
                                                              (.
  +    R   +    R   +    R   +    +   +    +   +    +   +
 
e|-----------------------0---------------------12-------5----|
B|--------------0---------------------12---------------------|
G|-----0---------------------12------------7--------9--------|
D|------------------12------------7--------------------------|
A|---------12------------------------------------------------|
E|12---------------------------------------------------------|
HARP HARMONICS are produced on fretted strings not with the fretting hand, which you use for chords, but with the tip of the index finger of the plucking hand. You pluck the strings either with your thumb or using a pick between your thumb and middle fingers. You must keep your thumb slightly separated from the index and at the height of the index's last phalange (where the tip of the finger bends). The rest of the fingers must remain grouped and slightly separated from the two working ones. Always Try keeping your hand as relaxed as possible. It is pretty easy making both movements at the same time (touching the spot you want with the index and plucking the string with the thumb). With this technique you can reproduce harmonics from any chord you like. You just got to outline the very same chord shape you choose with your fretting hand twelve frets up with the tip of the index finger of your plucking hand and You got it! Fretting hand (frets chord) Plucking hand (index touches over frets and thumb plucks the strings)
          +     +     +     +     +     +     +     +     +
Asus2
 e|0-----------------------------(12)-------------------------|
 B|0-----------------------(12)--------(12)-------------------|
 G|2-----------------(14)--------------------(14)-------------|
 D|2-----------(14)--------------------------------(14)-------|
 A|0-----(12)--------------------------------------------(12)-|
 E|-----------------------------------------------------------|
 
              +   +    +   +                  +   +   +   +
  Fmaj7                           Cmaj7
e|0-----------------(12)-------------------------------------|
B|1-------------(13)--------------0----------------(12)------|
G|2--------(14)-------------------0------------(12)----------|
D|3----(15)-----------------------2--------(14)--------------|
A|--------------------------------3----(15)------------------|
E|-----------------------------------------------------------|
 
  Bm7                          E7+5
        +    +    +    +             +    +    +    +    +
e|-----------------------------0------------------------(12)-|
B|3-------------------(15)-----1-------------------(13)------|
G|2--------------(14)----------1--------------(13)-----------|
D|4---------(16)---------------0---------(12)----------------|
A|2----(14)--------------------------------------------------|
E|-----------------------------0----(12)---------------------|
 
  Am7                          D7-9
e|-----------------------------------------------------------|
B|5-------------------(17)-----4-------------------(16)------|
G|5--------------(17)----------5--------------(17)-----------|
D|5---------(17)---------------4---------(16)----------------|
A|0----(12)--------------------5----(17)---------------------|
E|-----------------------------------------------------------|
                                        (.
  C9
e|0------------------------(12)------------------------------|
B|3-------------------(15)-------(15)------------------------|
G|3--------------(15)----------------------------------------|
D|2---------(14)---------------------------------------------|
A|3----(15)--------------------------------------------------|
E|-----------------------------------------------------------|
 
You can also use harp harmonics ( ) along with natural ones.
         
  Ascending B Dorian 
 
  +       +     +      +       +      +           +     + 
e|---------------------12----------------------5(17)---------|
B|12---------------------------7-----------------------------|
G|------------------------------------5-----------------9----|
D|---------------5-------------------------------------------|
A|--------4--------------------------------------------------|
E|-----------------------------------------------------------|
 
        Descending A Mixolydian
 
     +    +       +       +       +       +       +      +    
e|5(17)-------------------12---------------------------------|
B|----------------7-------------------------------12---------|
G|--------5--------------------------------------------------|
D|--------------------------------5--------------------------|
A|----------------------------------------4--------------5---|
E|-----------------------------------------------------------|
 
  G# Phrygian
 
  +       +      +      +      +      +      +        +
e|-----------------------------------12------------4(16)-----|
B|-----------------------------------------------------------|
G|-----------------------------------------------------------|
D|-----------------------------5-------------9---------------|
A|--------5-------------4------------------------------------|
E|4--------------3-------------------------------------------|
 
Here are real notes and both kinds of harmonics combined.
 
  Whole tone
 
  R      +      R      +     R     +      R      +      + 
e|----------------------------------------0------------------|
B|---------------------------1-------------------------------|
G|--------------2---------------------------------------12---|
D|3--------------------------------0-----------4(16)---------|
A|-------------------2(14)-----------------------------------|
E|-----3(15)-------------------------------------------------|  
         
        And, as a farewell, a couple more chords.
 
  E7/6                          A13
  R    +   +   +   +   +      R    +    +       +        +
e|---0----------------(12)-------7----------------------(19)-|
B|---0------------(12)-----------7-------------(19)----------|
G|---6--------(18)---------------6-----(18)------------------|
D|---6----(18)-------------------5(17)-----------------------|
A|---5(17)--------------------0------------------------------|
E|0----------------------------------------------------------|
 
  +  Harmonic
  R  Real note
  ( ) Up twelve frets       
  /  Slide up
  \  Slide down
  H  Hammer-on
  P  Pull-off
  ~  Vibrato
  x  Mute note
  .  Play note like a dot in standard notation
  ^  Ties two notes together
  (. Pause
More PJVILL lessons:
+ Triads And Other Three Note Chords For Beginners 03/30/2009
+ Fingerpicking Twelve Bar Blues Music Styles 11/24/2003
Comments
Your captcha is incorrect