The Beginner / Slightly-Better-Than-A-Beginner Transition. Lesson 2

author: RockstarAdam date: 02/20/2012 category: for beginners
rating: 8.1 / votes: 14 
This is my second "Beginner / Slightly-Better-Than-Beginner Transition" lesson. We will be picking up where we left off with more equipment
The Capo V This is a piece of "equipment" which allows you to increase the 
           pitch of your guitar by one fret (or more depending on where you 
           place the capo on the fret-board. There are many different forms
           of a capo but generally they are handles that clamp over the
           strings and press them to the fret-board, thus making the pitch
           higher. This frees you up to play your chords in the usual way in
           a higher key.
EXTRA ASSISTANCE
Tuning Without Assistance V If you don't have a tuner, it is still possible
                            to tune your guitar by ear. Here's how:
 
 
                     {HERE IS YOUR FRET-BOARD}
                                 |
                                 |
                                 V
 
 
      1        2       3       4       5       6       7
e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
G||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
E||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
{To tune your guitar by ear, you must make sure that at least one string is in tune. If it is not or if you are not sure, then listen to a song that plays one string at a time (arpeggios} and tune it from there} For this example, let us say that our E string is in tune:
        1        2       3       4       5       6       7
  e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  G||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o E||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
 
 
Move your finger to the 5th fret of the E string:
 
        1        2       3       4       5       6       7
  e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  G||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o E||--------|-------|-------|-------|---0---|-------|-------|
Play the string. This is the same as the A string when it is in tune. Play the E string and then tune the A string until it is the same as the E string on the fifth fret. Now your E and A strings will be in tune:
        1        2       3       4       5       6       7
  e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  G||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o E||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
 
Repeat the process until your E A D and G strings are in tune:
 
        1        2       3       4       5       6       7
  e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o G||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o E||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
Now if you notice, the B and e strings are much thinner (on acoustic). This makes it easier to remember that IF YOU WANT TO TUNE THE B STRING, THEN YOU MUST PUT YOUR FINGER ON THE FOURTH FRET ON THE G STRING:
        1        2       3       4       5       6       7
  e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
  B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o G||--------|-------|-------|---0---|-------|-------|-------|
o D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o E||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
The fourth fret on the G string is the same as the B string when it's open. When you finally get the B string in tune, then place your finger on the fifth fret on the B string:
        1        2       3       4       5       6       7
  e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o G||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o E||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
This will be the same as the e string open. Congratulations, you have tuned your guitar by ear!
        1        2       3       4       5       6       7
o e||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o B||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o G||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o D||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o A||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
o E||--------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|
Next we will focus on: ############## BARRE CHORDS ############## Don't be discouraged if you don't get this right at first. It takes practice. Basically barre chords are chords that have your index finger holding down more than one string and not playing with any open strings. Confused? Well let me clarify things. I'll show you by using a few diagrams. The F Major chord in barre:
  E    A    D    G    B    e
  ##########################         {PS: I'm sorry, I know my diagrams suck
  |    |    |    |    |    |          but it's easier to explain this way.
1 |000000000000000000000000|          The "0000"'s are where you place your
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-                        fingers}
  |    |    |    |    |    |
2 |    |    |    0    |    |
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-
  |    |    |    |    |    |
3 |    0    0    |    |    |
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-
  |    |    |    |    |    |
The major chords can continue along the fret-board in this same way. So look at the G barre chord (pay attention to the fret numbering on the left hand side):
  E    A    D    G    B    e
  ##########################         
  |    |    |    |    |    |          
3 |000000000000000000000000|         
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-                        
  |    |    |    |    |    |
4 |    |    |    0    |    |
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-
  |    |    |    |    |    |
5 |    0    0    |    |    |
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-
  |    |    |    |    |    |
If you read the chords in the easy way shown in my earlier lesson, then the Major barre chords look like this (The chords with the 'b' and '#' symbols will be explained later): E = 022100 F = 133211 F# = 244322 G = 355433 Ab = 466544 A = 577655 Bb = 688766 B = 799877 C = 8-10-10-9-8-8 --- {You generally don't go higher than here} C# = 9-11-11-10-9-9 D = 10-12-12-11-10-10 Eb = 11-13-13-12-11-11 The Minor chords look slightly different but they make a different sound completely. The F Minor Chord in barre:
  E    A    D    G    B    e
  ##########################         
  |    |    |    |    |    |           {Notice how it looks like F Major
1 |000000000000000000000000|            but the notes on the second and
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-           third frets have moved a string    
  |    |    |    |    |    |            to the right. They were on the
2 |    |    |    |    0    |            A, D and G strings respectively,
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-           but now they are on the D, G and
  |    |    |    |    |    |            B strings}
3 |    |    0    0    |    |
 -|----|----|----|----|----|-
  |    |    |    |    |    |
Therefore the chords change slightly but make a completely new sound. The Minor chords in Barre: Em = 002210 Fm = 113321 F#m = 224432 Gm = 335543 Abm = 446654 Am = 557765 Bbm = 668876 Bm = 779987 Cm = 8-8-10-10-9-8 C#m = 9-9-11-11-10-9 Dm = 10-10-12-12-11-10 Ebm = 11-11-13-13-12-11 That's all in my lesson for now. Look out for more or read my other lessons: Hammer On and Pulling Off.
More RockstarAdam lessons:
+ The Beginner / Slightly-Better-Than-A-Beginner Transition. Lesson 9 For Beginners 12/11/2012
+ Chord Changes For Beginner: Intermediates For Beginners 08/08/2012
+ The Beginner / Slightly-Better-Than-A-Beginner Transition. Lesson 8 For Beginners 04/12/2012
+ The Beginner / Slightly-Better-Than-A-Beginner Transition. Lesson 7 For Beginners 03/16/2012
+ The Beginner / Slightly-Better-Than-A-Beginner Transition. Lesson 6 For Beginners 03/15/2012
+ The Beginner / Slightly-Better-Than-A-Beginner Transition. Lesson 5 For Beginners 03/13/2012
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