Black Metal Lesson. Part 2

author: Fluoxetine date: 04/04/2011 category: music styles
rating: 5.5 / votes: 4 
Hi Guys welcome to the second installment: lesson 2. Yeah! Yeah! I know lesson 1 was as bone basic as it comes but consequently, it was the first lesson though. So it kind of makes sense in that regards lol. OK, to start this lesson. I want to go back to the important subject of scales. As I mentioned a scale is a ladder of notes that revolves around its tonic or key center. All notes will have a relation to the tonic ie.say you are playing in G major, all notes in the G major scale G A B C D E F# G will sound good. And this rings true regardless of what your root note is. Now let's educate ourselves on how to construct major scales. But firstly think of your guitar fretboard starting on the E treble string first fret. This is the F note of course, and as you move up a fret to the second adjacent fret this is the F#.this step is known as a semitone. But if you start on the first fret first string and then go up to the G note i.e. missing the second fret out and landing on the G note, it's called a Tone or or whole tone. This is how it would look on tab if you where going up the string in semitones. Think of semitones as next door neighbors.
Semitone   ST    ST      ST    ST      ST    ST     ST     ST
e:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
B:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
G:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
D:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
A:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
E:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
Now this is how it would look on tab if you where going up the frets in Tones.Think of tones as next door but one on your fretboard.
   Tone           T             T             T             T
E:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
B:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
G:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
D:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
A:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
E:------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|------|
Now then,and this is important to remember folks!!The Major Scale, regardless what key note it starts on as its own special pattern of Tones and Semitones that stays the same. Yeah!!!! This is the major pattern, T T ST T T T ST. Remember this formula as you will instantly be able to play all the major scales in all 12 keys. So the F major scale, playing up one string, the E treble string, would look like this, when written out in tab;
              T         T    ST        T         T         T  ST
E:--F-|----|--G-|----|--A-|--Bb|----|--C-|----|--D-|----|--E-|-F-|
B:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
G:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
D:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
A:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
Again,the Major step pattern formula works the same way regardless of the root note you start on. So far we have been working with Diatonic scales,as in 7 natural notes of a Major scale. Now I am going to explain the all important atonal chromatic Scale. Simply put,this is all of the 12 notes played in semitones. F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D# E F Playing the first string on the first fret starts us at the note F. Then playing the next fret up brings us to F#. Then the next fret up brings us delightfully to G etc. Play all the notes up the first string while saying the name of the notes while you do so. Speaking and saying the notes out loud helps with memory.
   1    2     3   4    5     6    7    8   9    10   11   12   13
E:-F--|-f#-|--G-|-G#-|-A--|--A#|--B-|--C-|-C#-|--D-|--D#|--E-|-F-|
B:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
G:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
D:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
A:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
Note this symbol, {#}as this is called a sharp. And this symbol b is called a flat. Both are called enharmonic this meaning, shared name if you like. As they are both the exact same note with the same pitch but just have different names. We call them # {Sharps} if we are going up the frets towards the bridge of the guitar. Or conversely, if we are going down towards the nut we refer to them as,b {flats}. Note; in guitar music we use the term sharps more often. Likewise, in piano music {I play the piano too} we use the term, Flats more often instead. But again playing scales up and down on one string is not very professional lol.So here is a C major scale using 5 strings over 2 octaves. By the way, you can move this shape up and down the fretboard. So the note you start on will be the name of the major scale your indeed playing. Move the C up a tone then play this pattern again and you will be playing a D Major Scale. Move the shape up a semitone from C and you will be playing the, C sharp major scale etc....
   1    2    3    4     5   6    7    8    9    10   11   12   13
E:----|----|----|----|--A-|----|--B-|-C--|----|----|----|----|---|
B:----|----|----|----|--E-|--F-|----|-G--|----|----|----|----|---|
G:----|--A-|----|--B-|--C-|----|--D-|----|----|----|----|----|---|
D:----|--E-|-F--|----|--G-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
A:----|----|-C--|----|--D-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
Also, if you would like to start you major scale on the 6th String, this will be the shape of it. Playing the C scale again you will Start on 6th sting 8th fret and this note is of course your root/tonic note.
  7     8    9    10   11   12   13   14   15   15   16   17  18
-----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|
-----|----|----|--A-|----|--B-|--C-|----|----|----|----|----|----|
-----|----|--E-|--F-|----|--G-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|
---A-|----|--B-|--C-|----|--D-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|
---E-|--F-|----|--G-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|
-----|--C-|----|--D-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|
Now move this major scale pattern starting from the 6th string, 5th fret and this will automatically give you the A major scale. That's why I said in lesson 1, it's important to know at lest the notes on the 6th, 5th and 4th string. Power From Hell,part 2: Power Chords. As we have seen in the last lesson, Power Chords are 2 notes played together. More technically expressed there are called a, Harmonic Interval. Harmonic very simply put means 2 notes played at the same time..... Again this is using the root note and the 5th note of the diatonic scale. This note is Incidentally called the Dominant. You can construct a Power Chord chromatically if you like as well. But this time we would use the 1st {Tonic} and the 8th note {dom,}to make our power chords.Count up the chromatic ladder from C to see how this works; C C# D D# E F f# G 1 8 Power chord shapes starting on the 6th or 5th strings are this:
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
B:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
G:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|-{3}|----|----|----|---|
D:----|----|-{3}|----|----|----|----|----|--3-|----|----|----|---|
A:----|----|--3-|----|----|----|--1-|----|----|----|----|----|---|
E:--1-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
    F power chord.(3) octave      E power Chord (3) octave.
Now then, if we want to start our Power Chords with root note on the 4th string D What then? Well we have to change the shape a bit if we want play a 3 note Power Chord, like this.
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
B:----|----|----|----|-{4}|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
G:----|----|----|--3-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
D:----|--1-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
A:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
 E power Chord (4)octave
Again, move the Shape up and down the fretboard and whatever note your index finger is on designates the name of the Power Chord you are playing. Gosh! There Is Even Bleeding Power Chords starting on the 3rd string and the 2nd string; this is how to make the little bleeders.
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
B:----|----|----|----|--4-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
G:----|--1-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
D:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
A:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
 A5 Power Chord. Again, move this shape up and down the neck
 and what ever note your index finger is on names the chord.
The last Power Chord, with root on the 2nd string is this shape again!
E:----|----|----|----|--3-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
B:----|----|--1-|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
G:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
D:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
A:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
E:----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|----|---|
 This above Power Chord is D5.
Please Note. How you finger the chord is entirely up to you. But I finger a 2 note power chord with my index finger on the root, and pinky on the dominant 5th. And when I am playing a 3 note power chord - again the root note I play is with my index finger and the 5th and octave I barre them both with my pinky. You might feel more comfortable playing the 5th note with your ring finger and the octave with your pinky. Again, what ever feels the most natural and comfortable for you, that matters most. Here is a tab I just wrote out of the fretboard; including all the notes up to the 13th fret where the musical alphabet repeats {12th fret if open strings that we start on}: LEARN THE NOTES ON THE 6TH, 5th, AND 4TH STRINGS AT LEAST. IT'S IMPORTANT GUYS. Also you can work out the Power Chords by looking at the tab below and remembering the shapes of the chords.
   1     2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10  11   12   13
E:--F-|-f#-|--G-|-G#-|--A-|--A#|--B-|--C-|-C#-|--D-|-D#-|--E-|--F-|
B:--C-|-c#-|--D-|-D#-|--E-|--F-|-F#-|--G-|-G#-|--A-|-A#-|--B-|--C-|
G:-G#-|--A-|-A#-|--B-|--C-|-C#-|--D-|-D#-|--E-|--F-|-F#-|--G-|-G#-|
D:-D#-|--E-|--F-|-F#-|--G-|-G#-|--A-|-A#-|--B-|--C-|-C#-|--D-|-D#-|
A:-A#-|--B-|--C-|-C#-|--D-|-D#-|--E-|--F-|-F#-|--G-|-G#-|--A-|-A#-|
E:--F-|-F#-|--G-|-G#-|--A-|-A#-|--B-|--C-|-C#-|--D-|-D#-|--E-|--F-|
A brief recapitulation on this lesson. 1) Remember what the semitone steps on your fretboard are. 2) Remember what the tone steps on your fretboard are. 3) Remember the Major scale step pattern i.e T T ST T T T ST and off by heart to. 4} Remember what the chromatic scale is and how to play it.Also remember where the sharps/flats are. Between C B and E F there is no sharps or flats. 5) Remember how to make a Power Chord by counting up chromatically, notes 1 and 8. 6) Remember that this sign # {sharp} and this sign b {flat} are both called a enharmonic. They share the same pitch and note with out any argument. &) Learn and master the Power Chord shapes starting on the, 6th, 5th, 4th, 3rd, 2nd, strings. Think I will leave it here and write out the next lesson next week sometime. Then I will get into more in depth, melancholic and darker stuff. Until then, take care of yourselves and good luck with your playing. I wish you all the best. Fluoxetine.
More Fluoxetine lessons:
+ Black Metal Lesson. Part 1 Music Styles 04/04/2011
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