# Efficient Scale Practicing. Part 1

author: daniel.kPL date: 08/23/2013 category: scales
 rating: 9.4 votes: 11 views: 97,746 vote for this lesson: Vote 1 - bad 2 3 4 5 - average 6 7 8 9 10 - great Tweet
Practicing scales is one of the most powerful exercises, but only when done properly. So, what can you do to achieve the best results? In this series of lessons, I will try my best to show you all the ways of practicing scales that should aid your musical development. Starting from the simplest ones, to the most complex and technically tough. Let's go! Good old A Minor Scale will be a great reference. Here is the tab that shows the A Minor Scale in the fifth position.
```E|-----------------------------5-7-8-
B|-----------------------5-6-8-------
G|-----------------4-5-7-------------
D|-------------5-7-------------------
A|-------5-7-8-----------------------
E|-5-7-8-----------------------------
A B C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C
```

## 1. Theory First

Scale (from latin - scala, ladder) is a progression of notes in a specific order. To make it clear how the scales are constructed, you have to understand these two basic methods of building them.

## 1.1. Interval Formula

Look at our example A minor scale. Now, start thinking in intervals - scale starts at A note, and therefore, every other note can be described as an interval from A. So, the scale formula in this case will look like this:
```formula : 1-2-b3-4-5-b6-b7-8
result  : A B  C D E  F  G A
```
Easy as it is. (if you don't feel fully comfortable with the intervals, read my 3 lessons on intervals, starting from this one)

## 1.2. Step Pattern

This pattern here tells you how many steps to move from one scale tone to the next. Abbreviations W and H are for Whole and Half steps. All you have to do is to start on any note and move up as the pattern tells you. Remember that the whole step equals two frets, and half step equals one fret.
```formula :  W-H-W-W-H-W-W
result  : A B C D E F G A
```
Easy as it is, just like anything that needs some practice. So from now, every time when you play a scale, try to figure out all the three things that describe the scale - step pattern, formula, and the notes within. Got it? Let's continue.

## 2. Let's Start with a Warm-Up - First Way of Using Scale Shapes

Scales are good for building chops as well as warming up. Just start with the basic scale position and warm up your fingers. Remember to use the metronome and stay in time. The tempo is more important than timing! Use alternative picking, and be sure to make every finger of your left hand work, by staying in position as often as possible. Go up and down, easy and slow. Do this for two to three minutes. Now. Tab:
```E|-----------------------------5-7-8-7-5-----------------------------|
B|-----------------------5-6-8-----------8-6-5-----------------------|
G|-----------------4-5-7-----------------------7-5-4-----------------|
D|-------------5-7-----------------------------------7-5-------------|
A|-------5-7-8-------------------------------------------8-7-5-------|
E|-5-7-8-------------------------------------------------------8-7-5-|
A B C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C etc...
```
Repeat for 2-3 mins.

## 3. Legato Playing

How confident are you with your legato? Use scale shapes to build up your strength and accuracy, one string at a time. Be sure to play the clearest way possible. Keep the rhythm, don't mind the speed. And stick ONLY to the scale tones! Here's an example.
```E|------------------------------------------5h7h8p7p5-|
B|---------------------------------5h6h8p6p5----------|
G|------------------------4h5h7p5p4-------------------|
D|-------------------5h7p5----------------------------|
A|----------5h7h8p7p5---------------------------------|
E|-5h7h8p7p5------------------------------------------|
```
Contunue downwards, or play the shapes separately, especially the ones which cause your trouble. If something goes wrong, slow down.

## 4. String Skipping

Skipping strings is always an issue, especially for the begginers, especially at high speeds. This is how you can use a scale shape for a string skipping exercise. Try also bigger jumps - skip 2, 3, 4 or 5 strings... Everythings possible with good amount of patient practice. Example.
```E|-----------------------5-7-8--------|
B|------------------------------5-6-8-|
G|-----------------4-5-7--------------|
D|-------5-7--------------------------|
A|-----------5-7-8--------------------|
E|-5-7-8------------------------------|
A B C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C
```
Continue down, alter the skip range.

## 5. Improvising Over a Bass Note

Put on a vamp, that consists of a groove and only one bass note - A, in this example. Now, improvise using this scale, and listen for the sound that every different note creates. This may seem kinda boring, but keep forcing your ears to find and identify all the scale qualities that are there, and enjoy the results. And... This is all for today's lesson. Go ahead and practice in more positions, try new and old scales, and experiment with the exercises given. Learn, but mainly - have fun! See you at the next part, where I will show you more complex ways of practicing scales. Don't forget to like my Facebook profile. Peace!
More daniel.kPL lessons:
 + Creative Scale Practice - Building Up Speed and Technique Scales 03/19/2014 + Getting Better at Guitar - A Correct Way to Approach Big Goals Correct Practice 02/12/2014 + Improving Your Tapping With Sequences Guitar Techniques 12/10/2013 + Using Chord Leading in Songwriting Songwriting & Lyrics 10/21/2013 + Refresh Your Soloing - Tapping the Pentatonic Fifths Soloing 09/02/2013 + Learn Something New Everyday - Egyptian Scale Correct Practice 07/10/2013 + view all
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