Major And Minor Scale Revisited

author: joshnerez date: 04/01/2004 category: scales
rating: 9.1 / votes: 39 
The Major Scale is a seven note scale. The eight note is an octave of the first note (root). Octave means the same note played eight scale degrees higher or lower, depends on the playing. The Major Scale is the mother of all scales because all scales relate to the Major Scale. If you want to create a Major scale, just follow this formula (most players use this style because its much easier because, what else? The Formula) here goes: [whole note - whole note - half note - whole note - whole note - whole note - half note]. We'll use the C major scale as an example because its much easier because of the absence of sharps and flats.
Key:C

Ex 1:

  1st Degree       1st Octave Higher    2nd Octave Higher
|- - - - - - - - - | - - - - - - - - - |- - - - - - - - - - |
C- D- E-F- G- A-B- C- D-E- F- G- A- B- C- D- E- F- G- A- B- C  = notes
1  2  3 4  5  6 7  1  2 3  4  5  6  7  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  1  = degree notes

e|------------------------------------------10-12-13-15-17-19-20--|
B|---------------------------------10-12-13-----------------------|
G|-------------------------9-10-12--------------------------------|
D|-----------------9-10-12----------------------------------------|
A|---------8-10-12------------------------------------------------|
E|-8-10-12--------------------------------------------------------|
Try to practicing other keys using the formula, now let's go to the Minor Scale. Or commonly refered to as the Relative or Natural Minor Scale (dont be confuses about what Relative and Harmonic minor is. learn one at a time, dont overdo your learning or you wont gain a thing. ) You're probably wondering what the hell "Relative or Natural Minor" means. Well, every Major Scale has Relative Minor scale within it. The Relative Minor contains the same notes of the Major scale but it only starts in the 6th degree note of the Major scale. Okay, the formula from the Minor Scale: [whole note - half note - whole note - whole note - half note - whole note - whole note]. So what is the Relative Minor of C Major Scale? start counting the degree note copy from above from 1 through 6, so 1=C 2=D 3=E 4=F 5=G 6=A, eureka! Fuck! (excuse moi, pardon moi french, I cant help it) I got it! now the Relative Minor for C Major Scale is Am Minor Scale.. now lets go to the examples:
Key=Am

Ex 1:

     1st Degree    1st octave
| - - - - - - | - - - - - - |
A-B-C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C-D-E-F-G-A = notes
6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 = degree notes

e|---------------------------5-7-------------------------------|
B|---------------------5-6-8-----------------------------------|
G|-----------------5-7-----------------------------------------|
D|-------------5-7---------------------------------------------|
A|-------5-7-8-------------------------------------------------|
E|-5-7-8-------------------------------------------------------|
Now that you have the basic introduction on Scales, nail the formula first then well move through, Modes and other scales, such as: Blues scales, Harmonic Minor Scales, and other exotic scales. Thank you. I highly suggests to practice this with all your heart and dedication. Till next, happy pickin'.
More joshnerez lessons:
+ Pings In Chromatix: Artifical Harmonics Guitar Techniques 04/01/2004
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