#1
I can do the offbeat "1 and 2 and 3 and 4" rhythm well, but when you watch and read lessons on reggae guitar (not to mention listen to the music) you notice a very common strumming technique which is like a note that sounds like you are playing it but also sounds slightly muted. The best explanation I've found for how to do this is to lift your fingers a couple millimeters above the fretboard when playing the note. Yet when I do so much as lift my fingers AT ALL the chord just sounds dead and ugly. How do I make the reggae chords sound like that half palm muted but still very alive note like you hear all around?
#2
Try playing triads on the bottom three strings and only muting the note on the b string at the neck not at the bridge like a palm mute, idk if you tried that already but it should work and then if you can get a bass note in their it sounds good
#7
you fret down quite lightly and mute with your fretting hand almost instantly. Lots of dead string playing like you would in funk, just a lot more chill and based on the drag triplet.
#8
i do a down stroke on the down beat muting all the strings with my fretting hand.

then an do an up stroke on the up beat while very lightly fretting the chord
#9
I just lightly (and I mean lightly) palm mute while strumming. As someone already said though, also fret lightly and lift up from the fret board quickly to give that staccato sound.
#10
But how do I lightly fret? If i do it anything other than completely fretted its dead.