Decided that some one needed to make it some time or another. So why not now.

-This is not breaking the medical discussion rule, I am not discussing any medical problems with my health. It is just a list of typed of disorders and terms used and what they mean. So, it is okay =)

The reason for this is to discuss medical terminology, And questions you may want to know. Hopefully any Med wizzes will Answer It for you or discuss it.


These are a few common medical Terms people may not understand or are commonly mistaken. This will be set up in question answer form and then Bullet form

What is a disease?

A disease or " medical condition " is an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs the bodily functions and can be deadly. It is also defines as a way of the body harming itself in an abnormal way, associated with specific symptoms and signs.

When it comes to humans, "disease" is used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes extreme pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, and or death.

What does that mean?

It means that something is wrong with a living thing. It is abnormal, impairing There bodily functions. In other words, their body is not doing something it is supposed to do, and it is effecting it in a negative way.

How do you know when you have a disease?

Diseases are sorted out and diagnosed by symptoms. Using these symptoms they find diseases that have related symptoms and diagnose them with Either treatments or Tests.

What does that mean?

First, symptoms are the abnormalities that a patient feels when he or she has this specific disease. Examples are, Nausea, Chronic pain, Light headed feeling. Etc.
Diagnose just means, to come to an answer. To solve, or identify the nature of anything. Either by process of elimination or other analytical methods.

What is a disorder?

A disorder is a functional abnormality or disturbance. They are categorized into mental disorders, physical disorders, genetic disorders, behavioral disorders and functional disorders.

What does that mean?

It is Similar to a disease. Its A function occurring in your body, that is not working correctly. Mental disorders, are disorders to your brain, mind. Your psyche(mental status) Physical, well, that's self explainable. Genetic disorders is a problem or an abnormal mutation in your genetics. Behavioral is still self explainable.

What is a syndrome?

A syndrome is a Collaboration or combination of several symptoms or disease. The study of Pathophysiology helps describe why these symptoms occur together. Take for syndrome X. It is a mixture of diabetes, Joint disease(arthritis) And several other disease.

What does that mean?

All in all, its several symptoms or disorders in one set.


Psyche or Mental disorders-

Many common disorders, or commonly known will be listed here. And thoroughly explained. Hopefully.

Alcohol addiction/alcoholism
Signs of being an alcoholic: High toleration. Withdrawal symptoms, Having persistent desire to decrease or the inability to decrease the amount of alcohol induced or consumed.

Alzheimer's disease-
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a type of dementia that usually has an onset (usually occurs )after age 65, although early onset AD is becoming more common. In approximately 20% of the cases of AD, the first noticed symptoms are personality changes of either negative types such as withdrawal or apathy, or positive types such as agitation, or suspiciousness. The common symptoms in all cases are the gradual decline in memory function (losing current memories, and retaining older memories) and intellectual ability. Those afflicted do NOT have changes in personality from day to night, in what is called "sundowners syndrome."

Anorexia Nervosa-
The individual will refuse to maintain a minimally normal body weight, is intensely afraid of gaining weight, and shows a disturbance in perception of her body's shape. Anorexia is most commonly characterized in adolescent young girls compared to guys. Diagnosis of why it occurs is still unknown but studies have shown it may have something to do with the person biological and socioculture.

Anxiety disorder NOS-
Anxiety Disorder NOS (Not Otherwise Specified) is diagnosed when patients have symptoms of anxiety disorder or adjustment disorder with anxiety disorder or mixed anxiety and depressed mood. The category generally includes patients disorders with prominent anxiety or phobic avoidance that do not meet criteria for any specific anxiety disorder, adjustment disorder with anxiety, or adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), sometimes inaccurately referred to as ADD (There is no clinical term by this name) is a disorder usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood or adolescence. There are 4 recognized types of ADHD. They are: Predominantly Inattentive type; Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive type; Combined type (inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity); and ADHD - Not Otherwise Specified. There is a high level of correlation between children with ADHD and other psychiatric illnesses. This included illnesses ranging from behavioral, mood, family, anxiety, cognitive, social to school functioning, with the greatest increase in those with the ADHD - combined subtype.

- Part that describes what it does -

This group of disorders is characterized by: early onset; a combination of overactive, poorly modulated behavior with marked inattention and lack of persistent task involvement; and pervasiveness over situations and persistence over time of these behavioral characteristics. It is widely thought that constitutional abnormalities play a crucial role in the genesis of these disorders, but knowledge on specific etiology is lacking at present. In recent years the use of the diagnostic term "attention deficit disorder" for these syndromes has been promoted. It has not been used here because it implies a knowledge of psychological processes that is not yet available

Autism may manifest in early infancy, with the infant shying away from the parent's touch, not responding to a parent who returns after an absence, and inappropriate gaze behavior. The Autistic child may fail to meet early language and other developmental milestones. And there can be as much as a 3-year delay between the report of symptoms and the diagnosis, which is usually made at around age five.

Usually there is no prior period of unequivocally normal development but, if there is, abnormalities become apparent before the age of 3 years. There are always qualitative impairments in reciprocal social interaction. These take the form of an inadequate appreciation of socio-emotional cues, as shown by a lack of responses to other people's emotions and/or a lack of modulation of behavior according to social context; poor use of social signals and a weak integration of social, emotional, and communicative behaviors; and, especially, a lack of socio-emotional reciprocity. Similarly, qualitative impairments in communications are universal. These take the form of a lack of social usage of whatever language skills are present; impairment in make-believe and social imitative play; poor synchrony and lack of reciprocity in conversational interchange; poor flexibility in language expression and a relative lack of creativity and fantasy in thought processes; lack of emotional response to other people's verbal and nonverbal overtures; impaired use of variations in cadence or emphasis to reflect communicative modulation; and a similar lack of accompanying gesture to provide emphasis or aid meaning in spoken communication.

The condition is also characterized by restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. These take the form of a tendency to impose rigidity and routine on a wide range of aspects of day-to day functioning; this usually applies to novel activities as well as to familiar habits and play patterns.
Psyche- cont

Bipolar disorder-
Bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression) is an affective disorder that causes periodic mood swings in which they cycle from depression to mania. Depression may be characterized by having a lack of motivation, difficulty doing tasks, short attention span, decreased appetite, crying spells, difficulty in getting to sleep or sleeping too much, and in the more severe cases thoughts of self harm. Mania is separated into two types: Full mania and hypomania. Mania may be characterized by a decreased need for sleep, decreased self-control, overspending, increased sexual activity, irritability, rage, risk-taking behaviors, and in the more severe cases psychotic states. Hypomania is described as having the same behaviors, to a less extreme level.

Cognitive Disorder NOS-
Cognitive Disorder NOS (not otherwise specified) is diagnosed when a patient has a syndrome of cognitive impairment that does not meet the criteria for delirium, dementia or amnesic disorders. They are often due to a specific medical condition and/or a pharmacological reaction.

Delirium is a state where there is a shadowing of consciousness, disorientation, and loss of recent memory. The onset is quick (hours to days), and the symptoms may worsen as the day goes on, which is known as "sundowners syndrome". This may be caused by a medical condition, substance use, substance withdrawal, or medication side effects.

Delusional Disorder-
There is not a single type of Delusional Disorder. There are a number of subtypes, but they share a major common feature. This is that the person has a nonbizzare delusion - a delusion that could occur in real life, that is. For example, a person that feels they are being followed or poisoned is nonbizarre, while a person who feels their parents are from mars is bizarre. The subtypes are erotomanic, in which the person believes that a person of usually higher status is in love with them; grandiose, which is delusions of inflated worth, power, knowledge, identity, or special relationships; jealous is that where they believe the sexual partner is unfaithful; persecutory by which they believe they or someone they are close to is being maltreated; somatic, in which they believe they have a physical problem, defect, or illness; or, the mixed type, in which more than one of the previous types is present.

Dementia is categorized as being caused by four subtypes: Alzheimer's disease (the most common subtype, accounting for 50% of dementias); Vascular reasons (such as a stroke or hypertension, accounting for 9-15% of dementias); Substance abuse persisting dementias (accounting for 7-9% of dementias, with alcohol the major cause of most of these; and General medical conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington disease, and other neurological illnesses (accounting for 20-30%). Psuedodementia can also be caused by other mental illnesses such as Major Depressive Disorder and Psychosis. Regardless of the cause, the dementias all have common factors. Initially in dementia, there is memory loss for recent events such as stoves being left on, keys being misplaced, conversations forgotten. Later, people begin to get lost while driving roads that they once knew very well, and questions must be repeated because the questions and answers are quickly forgotten. The long-ago memories are retained and dwelled upon. Personality changes occur, and the person may manifest changes that are the complete opposite from their previous personality. Poor judgment and impulse control often go hand-in-hand. They may speak crudely, make lewd gestures and display their genitals.

Major Depression affects 15% of Americans at some point during their lives, and 100 million people are affected on any given day. The age of onset is fairly evenly spread among people. The mean age is 40, but Depression can onset from childhood to seniors. It can come on suddenly in days, or build over years. Anxiety, phobias, panic and Dysthymia can predate it. On average, the course of Major Depression runs 3 to 9 months if untreated, and 85% cases resolve within 1 year. Over 1/2 of people who experience major depression only have one episode. With each successive episode, the patient has a 15% risk that their next episode will be a manic episode, changing their diagnosis to Bipolar Disorder. In the end, approximately 15-20% of those with major depression become chronically depressed. Approximately 15% of patients with major depression may commit suicide, as well, with men committing suicide at a rate 2 times as often as women.

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.

Insomnia is defined as a person being unable to fall asleep or maintain sleep. They feel tired or irritable the next day often worry about sleeping, and at night fear going to bed because they don't think they will be able to sleep. During they day they may fall asleep at unexpected times. In order to be diagnosed, the difficulty must last for at least a month, and cause a significant impairment or distress in an important area of functioning.

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder-
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) means that the person has illogical and irresistible thoughts or impulses (Obsessions) that they consider absurd and actively attempt to resist. They are acted out physically as a way to reduce the anxiety associated with the obsessions (compulsions). There is usually a feeling that something bad will happen if they do not act upon the obsessions (catch a disease, thus they wash their hands very frequently and ritualistically).

Parkinson's Disease-
Dementia in Parkinson's disease affects 20-30% of those with Parkinson's, and an additional 30-40% have measurable cognitive impairment. These patients have slow movements, and often slowed thinking, which is referred to as bradyphrenia.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder-
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the result of a severe and extraordinary stressor in the person's life that may be environmental (a large fire, hurricane), war, or violent crime (armed robbery, child abuse, rape), or the witnessing of violent incidents. Symptoms of PTSD are categorized as such not before the period of three months after the traumatic event. Before that time symptoms may fall into the classification of Acute Stress Disorder. The sufferer will begin to fluctuate between the two primary states of PTSD.
This arises as a delayed and/or protracted response to a stressful event or situation (either short- or long-lasting) of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature, which is likely to cause pervasive distress in almost anyone (e.g. natural or man-made disaster, combat, serious accident, witnessing the violent death of others, or being the victim of torture, terrorism, rape, or other crime).

Schizophrenia is often thought of as "split personality". This is a misconception, as the person suffering from schizophrenia does not have more than one distinct personality as is seen in Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder). Instead, they are characterized by having psychosis with, generally, two or more of the following: delusions, hallucinations (visual or auditory), disorganized speech (derailment of speech or incoherence), disorganized or catatonic behavior, or negative symptoms such as flattening of affect or lack of motivation.

Tourette's Syndrome
Tourette's syndrome is a tic disorder that has multiple motor tics (an involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped movement or vocalization), and at least one vocal tic, although they do not have to be present at the same time. They have to occur multiple times per day. Sometimes Tourette's syndrome will result in the vocalization of inappropriate language.

All information came form Wiki, My own knowledge and understanding of Med. And heath matters.

I will edit this post for more information if needed. Or if this thread even lasts. Any liable information may be added to this post.
The objective of this post is so you do not need to look up think on something like Wikipedia or Google. Finding what Anemia means, you will look up it and get A hundred words around it you don't know. So you look those up, and keep looking up more words until understand what the sentence meant.
Last edited by stud258 at Dec 16, 2008,
Boners: something that you shouldn't get. If you experience a boner, please call 911 immediately.

...modes and scales are still useless.

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Voted for Patron Çıldırdı.

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But our Band is Listana
*enters thread, sees really long post, so CTRL+F "bears". no results, leaves thread*
grok it.


Listen to jazz, it's good for you...
Yeah, I read a thread like this once. I think it was called Wikipedia..


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Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

I'm not entirely sure what that disease actually is, but I learned the name of it from Scrubs and House. So it's my diagnosis for everything.

It's a rare blood disease. What you've never heard of it, you're lucky.
grok it.


Listen to jazz, it's good for you...
Quote by Survivalism
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

I'm not entirely sure what that disease actually is, but I learned the name of it from Scrubs and House. So it's my diagnosis for everything.

Its a disease that causes a lot of tiny blood clots. I heard it on scrubs so i checked it out =P. Its known as Moschcowitz disease Lol.
For the last time, this is not a medical forum.


No, no, no.

And yet again, NO.


Still no.

Not in a million years.


Yeah... no.
This is not a pipe