#1
The translation ‘flute’ for Greek is misleading since the instrument, having a reed and being blown down, was more akin to the clarinet or oboe. The pipe, made of reed, wood, bone, or ivory, was cylindrical or slightly conical, and pierced with holes, as many as sixteen by the late fifth century BC. were generally played in pairs, the pipes often being held in position by a cheek-band worn by the player. It is not known whether the two pipes were played separately and provided an extended scale or whether they were played together, a rudimentary harmony thus being achieved; possibly both techniques were used. The (or Pan-pipes; see PAN) consisted of about seven pipes (more and fewer are known) bound together and blown directly without the aid of a mouthpiece. In Greece the pipes were of equal length but were stopped internally; the with a ‘stepped’ shape, familiar in art, is the Etruscan and Roman variety.