#1
So, I have this cheap Washburn with a broken neck, and I'm contemplating modding the **** out of it. The reason being is I want to start playing really atmospheric stuff. Stuff similar to Earth, Nadja, Aidan Baker, and a lot of SOMA's side projects. So, I want to get a really effects layered sound, and still possibly throw in a little metal touches.

What sort of stuff should I be looking for? Such as effects, strings, pickups, and a good amp. I'm getting a job soon, and I want to get a general price range to know how much to save.

I plan on recording my projects, and possibly playing small shows at local coffee shops and clubs that book really experimental stuff.
#2
It depends on how much you're willing to save.

When I think of drone, I think Sunn or older Orange amps, and you're gonna want a fuzz pedal (Sovtek Big Muff would be my first rec) and maybe a delay and/or reverb for shoegazy stuff.

Strings, get something with a heavy gauge. And pickups, almost anything goes. Maybe a low output humbucker in the neck (i.e. a DiMarzio Humbucker from Hell) and a high output in the bridge (DiMarzio Super Distortion).

Hope I helped, but this setup won't be cheap.
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#3
Post-Rock thread can definitely help.

Pick up a fuzz, a distortion, a delay, and a reverb.

Amp, really any clean loud amp will work. Fender Hot Rod Deluxe, Peavey Classic 50, and Vox AC30s are common. Maybe for doomy/drone stuff you'd want to go with a Sunn or Orange.
#4
Hey man!

Okay, playing shoegaze and drone will be two completely different things, but I play both so I'll give you the run through.

Shoegaze: Necessities would be a nice delay (or two; one analog and one digital) and a good sounding reverb with a long setting, such as the Boss RV-5 or it's (better) cousin the RV-3. I would also recommend a good fuzz or distortion. The Russian Big Muff, ProCo Rat, and Boss HM-2 are a great place to start. A lush sounding chorus, such as the EHX Small Clone (NOT the Nano!) would add a nice dimension to your tone. Listen to bands like Slowdive and the Sundays for a good use of chorus.

Drone: You'll want a loop pedal, probably, to help build your soundscapes. I use the Akai Headrush E2, which I love, but honestly a Boss looper would work just as well. For drone, you'll want a bassy, fat sounding fuzz. Again, the Big Muff works great. Reverb works well too for more Sunn O))) type stuff.

Amps: Honestly, you'll just want a powerful amp, either tube or solid state. For drone, Sunn is the preferred brand, whereas shoegaze runs all over, though the Vox AC30 and the Roland JC120 work well.

Pickups: I suggest a humbucker or P90 in the bridge and a singlecoil in the neck.

Strings: Heavy, warm sounding. Try DR Pure Nickles.

Good luck man!