#2
It's hard to tell sometimes, because on the mid 60s to early 70s, studio musicians were not credited on the albums

http://www.cduniverse.com/search/xx/music/artist/James%20Jamerson/a/James%20Jamerson.htm.

Here's a decent list to start with. Also, check out "Standing in the Shadows of Motown" (book and DVD). It goes into some of his best licks and basslines.
#3
He was pretty amazing overall. In particular, he (and the rest of the Funk Brothers) was great Whats Going On by Marvin Gay. Also, I don't know about albums, but some of my favorite Jamerson lines came from his work with the Four Tops
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guitar solo - "meh, every song got one"
bass solo - "OMGZ0R U IS PRO MENZ"


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Sir I would like to sex your bass.