Question about recording drums with a single mic,
-where should it be (front, closer to snare, etc)
-distance for recording (how far it should be from actual drums)

and this is in a pretty open setting, drums in a corner of a large room

what sort of mic is it? if it's a condensor or ribbon mic then don't place it close to the drums or you'll damage it. if it's a dynamic mic then it'll need to be close to the drums, but will be focused where you point it unfortunately, so probably above the kit, in a central sort of direction pointing down and forwards...

ultimately, i'd say experiement. some great songs were recorded using only a single mic...but it's trial and error to find the place that picks the sound up best tbh.
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This is what I did when I used a single mic, and it seemed to pick up a good amount of the kit (I'm assuming it's dynamic).

Put the boom stand at about a 70 degree angle facing the back of the kit, and angle the mic down towards the bass drum.
There is a video on youtube I saw A guy mic'd up a kit with 2 mics. Not in the standard OH position but slightly... well you'll just have to see the video. Which I don't have the link for anymore.

But from memory one mic was directly above the snare pointing down at it, and the other was off over near the floor tom and ride cymbal area kind of just behind the drummers shoulder pointing back at the snare.

It sounded decent for what it was, It depends what style of music you use it for.
yeah this is a touch one..and it depends on your drummer too..

but if you place mic in from of drums...as if you were in the audience..then that would be the best way to capture all the nuances of the drums. If you place mic too high in the room ..you will get too much high end..cymbal sounds
It's all experimentation. walk around the room while someone is playing (preferably the person that you'll be recording) and find the place that sounds best. don't forget to get down low to the ground and as close to the roof as you can as well. also, try placing baffels around the room to try and... well, 'direct' isn't the best word, but to try to direct the sound in a particular direction.
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