#1
Hi. I started looking into some guitar theory stuff because I want to understand what I'm doing and improve my playing. I started with the pentatonic scale, since it is the only scale apart from the major scale that I know how to play. I was surprised to find that there is a major and minor pentatonic, and that there are different ways of playing them. All along I thought that there was only one way of playing this scale.

So I found this website, but the 5th figure of the major pentatonic as explained here (which is how I've always played the pentatonic scale) is exactly the same as figure 1 of the minor pentatonic when you look here

It would be great if someone could explain the difference
#2
For every major scale, there is a relative minor, which is the exact same scale. The difference between them is just the emphasis of where you focus. Say G Major, it's the same scale as E Minor, however when you play E minor, you're going to focus more on the E and the minor key feel of it, versus when you're playing the G Major scale, you're going to want to focus on the pieces which make it G Major and not E Minor. Hope that helps!
#3
Drool do you mean by emphasis, the root note?
as Am pentatonic is also Cmajor in terms of notes on fret, but difference is root starting point?
#4
It can be, yes. The root note makes a big difference. But depending on what you're really playing, there will be emphasis on features on on scale which are not in the other. Or perhaps the way runs/licks are played (or which ones you play) by where you start and where you end.

But yes, root note is an important clarification, thanks
#5
The human ear hears notes relatively, ie compared to a root.
If you play a g over a d chord and then a while later hear an f over a c, they will sound the same because d and g and f and c are the same distance apart. That's why what note you are centered on changes the sound so much.
#6
Those diagrams are not exactly the same, the root is different. Learn position 1 of both scales, wity the black dot for both of them on 5th fret E string and see if they sound different.
And no, Guitar Hero will not help. Even on expert. Really.
Soundcloud