#1
hi im pretty good at soloing and when i make a solo my friend trys as well but his solos dont sound very good. he uses the same scale but me or him can not fig it out.
#4
http://www.ultimate-guitar.com/columns/the_guide_to/phrasing_for_dummies.html

try this for starters, there are a couple of lessons on how to actually phrase, just search for "phrasing" under lessons and i'm sure you'll find some, however some of them are a bit complex, check this out first and let me know if you need anything else, peace out