I know one shape which I have been told is the 'major scale' and i've been moving it across the sixth string according to the root note, but how does the major scale work across the entire fretboard? Is there a whole different set of positions for each key, or, like the 5 pentatonic positions, one pattern that remains the same? I know that was quite poorly articulated, but if anybody could explain to me, or point me towards a link, explaining the major scale across the entire fretboard, i'd be very appreciative.
The major scale has seven different positions. You move those positions around until you are in the right key.

Here is a link. If you don't know what dorian and mixolydian and such mean, just think of them as the names of the different positions.

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