#1
Preamble

I know this is ultimate-guitar.com, not ultimate-techno, ultimate-synth, ect. But, there is something to learn from every style of music. Not so mention, with the right soundfonts and samples, you can write a professional sounding backing tracks for your song. (Will probably include something in a later lesson.) This program isnt the best sequencer out there, but it is easier than most, and it can produce results just about as amazing as Reason or Cubase.


I used FL Studio 6 XXL. Obtain it somehow.

Using Fruity Loops

The Step Sequencer

In order to understand this tutorial, you will need to know the basics of operating FL. When you start up FL studio you should be greeted with a screen with a bunch'a blocks on it,

This is the step sequencer. The step sequencer is where you make the patterns that make up the song. The different drum parts, the different "riffs", and so on. Then you assemble this riffs in the playlist, which I will explain next. I will explain the parts.
1. This adjusts the beats per measure in this pattern. (By default it shows -- and it has 4 beats in the measure)
2. The pattern in the blocks will repeat while a piano roll sequence is playing. For example, If you set a kick to go off on each beat, but you assign a piano roll pattern to an instrument in this pattern to go for 8 beats, the 4 beat kick pattern will repeat once over the 8 beat intrument pattern (will explain better later..)
3. This little slider adjust the swing, When set all the way left, there is no swing, when all the way right, each beat is heavily accented and the notes in between each beat are kind of grouped together in a kind of triplet feel.
4. Graph editor- Controls note velocity, cut-off, resonance, ect.
5. Keyboard Editor- A worthless simplified version of the paino roll.
6. Clicking this little LED mutes the track beside it.
7. Adjusts the panning of the track (All the way left makes the sound play only in the left speaker, all the way right makes it only play in the right speaker) Defaults to center.
8. Adjusts the volume, default is 75%, and there is almost no reason it should go higher than that. Dont just go cranking up the volumes for no reason.
9. Sequencers, Add a note left clicking on one of these boxes with all a note there. Get rid of a note by right clicking. (the note will be the root for the song, more on that later) These are pretty much only used for drum tracks, you should use piano rolls for instuments. (more on that too..)
10. Drop down menu shows different sets of intruments, used for better organizing songs with alot'a synths, I dont ever use it though.
11. Little white "LEDs" show what note the sequencer is on while playing.

Drums

I know, reading this is boring, so I'll give you a little something to do.
Make sure you are editing the first pattern. (make sure the little led display with "PAT" underneath it says 1)
See the kick instrument? Left click on the box at the beginning of each beat. Like so..

Hit the play button. You have just made an extremely basic drum beat.
Mess around with the drum instruments you see here, left click to add, right click to remove. Dont go overboard with the drums!
When you are ready to move on.. move on!

The top bar thing.. I dunno what to call it.



1. These little buttons switch between the pattern in the step sequencer, and the entire song in the playlist.
2. Little slider to slide through the song.. :P
3. Play, Stop, and Record.
4. Adjusts tempo, just click and move the mouse up or down.
5. Selects a step sequencer pattern. Adjusted like tempo.
--
6. Playlist editor. (F5)
7. Step Sequencer. (F6)
8. Piano Roll (F7)
9. Browser. (F8)
10. Mixer. (F9)

Basslines.

Now you will learn how to add a bassline using the piano roll.
But, first, remove all the fiddling you did with the drums, or open a new project with File > Open.
Now, put a kick on each beat, and a hihat on each offbeat, and a clap on the 2nd and 4th beat. like so.

Click play to see how it sounds. Nice and simple. Now, for the bass.
Right click on the snare, and go to Insert > BooBass. A screen will appear with the boobass settings, this synth is very basic, and only has 3 knobs,
Treble, Bass, and Mid. Mess around with them if you like, and see what it sounds like with the little keyboard on the bottom.

Once you are done with that, right click on the BooBass and select Piano Roll, a window will appear, it will have a keyboard on the right, and a buncha empty slots. It appears a little daunting at first, but it isnt hard at all. Basically, on the big bunch of squares next to the keyboard, you place notes. The time goes from left to right when you click play. You place notes just like you did with the drums. But now, you can drag them around, and change the notes. Make something like this.

This makes an eighth note play on every offbeat at C5. Press play. Starting to sound like a song isnt it? I put the bass on the offbeat, so the mix doesnt get muddy, if I had the bass and the kick going at the same time they both take up a very similar frequency range, and things would get kind of muddy. The Kick-Bass pattern is a staple in most electronic music styles.
Now go to the next measure in the piano roll, place the same pattern at F5, then the next measure should be G5, and then F5 again, A simple I,IV,V progression. Click play. Didnt sound right did it? The drums only played during the first measure didnt they? Easy fix. Toggle the little box next to the arrow at the top right of the step sequencer. (Labeled with a 2 on the diagram). Press play, and the drums should repeat every measure.


Playlist Editor.

Press F5 to open the playlist editor. It looks kinda similar to the piano roll, but you organize patterns instead of notes. Place the pattern with the bass and drums you just made, which should have been pattern 1, so just click next to pattern one, and position it to take up the first 4 bars. Place another to take up the next 4 bars. Mouse over to the play button, but before you click play, toggle the little square with the word "SONG" next to it, to play the stuff in the playlist, instead of the one pattern in the step sequencer. Then click play. (You can click anywhere on the blackish horizontal bar with the numbers on it to skip around the song.)

Continued Below
BOLD.
Last edited by maddd0g at Aug 4, 2006,
#2
Making a good synth sound.

Time to program a nice lead synth!

1. Right click one of the instruments in the step sequencer and go to Insert > 3xOSC.
This synth has some pretty complex controls compared to BooBass. This synth has 3 synths that play at once. (Hence the 3xosc). Press some buttons on the little piano keyboard. By default, this synth is pretty plain sounding. Lets spice it up a bit.

2. Under Osc 1 click the shape that looks like a backwards N, this changes the wave of the sound to a rough saw shape, instead of a smooth sine. Still sounds pretty plain though doesnt it? Go ahead and change all the OSCs to this shape.

Osc stands for oscillator, it basically generates a very simple sound waveform in the shape you specify (The white buttons), This intrument, layers 3 oscillators over each other. The settings we just plugged are refered to as a Super Saw most of the time, these settings are very overused, and appear in hundreds of trance songs. Producers have grown sick of this preset, and most hate it to death. But, it will work for now.


The Knobs next to the osc are Volume, Pan, Course Tuning (1 note at a time), and Fine Tuning (around a cent at a time, up to 50 cents in either direction). By default, the Course tunning is set to have a 3 octave harmony, and the fine tunnings are all at 0 detune.
3. On Osc 2, very slightly adjust the Fine knob to the left, and on Osc 3, move it slightly to the Right.
This will create a chorus/flanger effect. The slight dissonance between the 3 oscillators makes the intument sound wider, fuller, and bit fatter.
4. At the top of the 3xOSC window, click on Misc, and toggle the box that says Porta.
This will make thesynth slide from note to note, mosts lead synths sound better with a subtle slide. The knob labled slide, changes the speed of the slide, leave it at default for now.
5. At the top right of the 3xOSC click on the box label FX, and drag your mouse slightly upward, so it says 1.
This routes the instrument through the first Effects channel. Press F9 to open the mixer. There should be a master, and a bunch of inserts, and 4 sends. The inserts are the places where you insert intruments to add effects, adjust volume, EQ, ect. The master add effects to the entire track. The sends are a little weird. Sounds can be sent here via plugin, or sometimes synths have options to send parts of the synth to one of the sends. I will explain the uses of the sends in a later lesson.6, Click on Insert 1.
This is the insert you just routed your new synth too. All the way to the left. There is 8 things labeled from 1 to 8, these are the 8 slots for effects. 7. Click on the arrow next to one of the eight slots, and go to Select > Fruity Reverb.
Adds a reverb effect to everything in insert 1, which is only the lead synth we made.

8. On the new window click on the button in the very top right corner and go to Presets > Subtle.
This will change the settings of the reverb to something more subtle.

9.Now add an effect to slot 2, Insert > Delay 2. Set the preset to Stereo Effect, and adjust the Cut knob to a little less than half way.
The cut knob adjusts the effects low pass filter. This will make the higher frequencies the repeat be cut out, so the repeat isnt as pronounced as the note itself. Play around with the keyboard some more, see how it sounds.




Its the attachment
Attachments:
tut.zip
BOLD.
Last edited by maddd0g at Aug 4, 2006,
#4
Hmmm, I was going to expand mine into a more, electronic music tutorial.
His was for just drum loops, I'm going to go more indepth into the program, and go step by step through some songs or something.
BOLD.
#5
I think this tutorials pretty damn good, almost as good as madd0gs new avatar!
Quote by rockon1824
I hope you're kidding dude. They won't even have a drum section, why would they have a car tyre section?
#6
This actually really helped... I didn't know you could make basslines
Gear:

Crappy Samick Guitar
4x12 Cabinet
Guitar Rig 2
Computer
Peavey Bass
Bass Master 200 Watt bass amp
#8
it's good. the screenshots are a plus. not that i have the program or anything. and i dunno if you can do pics on lessons/columns...
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#9
I like this, good for beginners who don't quite understand the program. Hey, instead of copying and pasting the pattern you form for the synth theirs an easier way to do it. Just make one long note that takes up the whole measure, so you would make four long notes; C, F, G and another F. Then at the top corner of piano roll, click and go to tools > chop. You can then select from a variety of chopping styles. I hope to see your next one, maybe you could include something about the event editor?
Last edited by ihatenames at Jul 27, 2006,
#10
Good original idea for a useful lesson - never used the program but I've used things like Cubase and Sibelius at the school so I can see how useful a tutorial on using these would be to a musician.
#11
Excellent lesson. I use FruityLoops all the time; you covered a lot of ground. Nice job.

#13
Updated for formating.

Checking for spelling and grammar errors.

Rephrasing stupid sentences.
BOLD.
#14
Good tutorial. There wasn't much there I didn't already know but I'm looking forward to the next installments.
Me + Ibanez RGT42DXFM + Digitech GNX3000 + Crate GT1200H = Sex
#16
grammar and word choice/order are all in order.

even ive learned a lot from this, and i want to get into it!

*approved*

edit: maddog, dya know where i can obtain such program?
#18
Thank you so much, maddd0g.

I tinkered with FruityLoops before but got frustrated so often. It's nowhere near as simple to use as something like Logic Pro. This has helped me immeasurably and if it doesn't get accepted as an actual article, I would be disappointed.
And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? Man delights not me: no, nor woman neither... nor women neither.
#19
I thought this was really good, I've been using FL for quite some time now and you still taught me lots.

Quote by j0nmcc
grammar and word choice/order are all in order.

even ive learned a lot from this, and i want to get into it!

*approved*

edit: maddog, dya know where i can obtain such program?


Free demos off the internet...try Googling it. You have to pay for the full version....well, you don't neccesarily HAVE to.......
Last edited by TheEndHasNoEnd at Aug 7, 2006,
#21
Damn... you know, the images in this explanation are unbelievably helpful. Do you have this saved in a file where the images are embedded?

I would <3 you forever and proclaim you as a messiah if you had.
And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? Man delights not me: no, nor woman neither... nor women neither.
#22
Anyone know how to put guitar chords in frooty loops? Say I want a guitar to play an A chord. How do would it look in the piano roll?
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#23
Dammit. Stupid only-PC applications. That wasn't a dig a t you madd0g, I just really want Fruity Loops.
-Taidgh
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#24
Hey could you help me out on an issue I have with FL. I usally just importy the midi from guitar pro into FL, and then i replace say the bass track with boo bass ect and guitars with Slayer.

I know FL has a bunch of effects like 7 band eq and i downloaded a guitar suite that has realistic sounding plugins like boss distortion/tubescreamer/ect all this neat stuff.

The thing i dont know how to use effects or assign them to a channel. Like i cant just drag for instance 7 band eq into my slayer/boobass channel, cuz it says "this is not a generator, you cant drop it into a channel or something" So how do i assign effects to instrument generators?

_____________________________________________
#25
I have a problem with Recording in FL Studio...
The pattern does not repeat...Once I hit the recording button, the pattern just plays once...
Please help me...
#26


Awesome tutorial. Very helpful
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#27
Quote by jyothi76
I have a problem with Recording in FL Studio...
The pattern does not repeat...Once I hit the recording button, the pattern just plays once...
Please help me...

next to the play stop etc. there are buttons that say "pat" and "song". Click song.
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Help
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#28
Quote by chopps00
Anyone know how to put guitar chords in frooty loops? Say I want a guitar to play an A chord. How do would it look in the piano roll?


if you open up an FL Slayer, the window that pops up should have a drop menu at the top that has Autochords, Powerchords, Solo Fixed and Solo Dynamic. Those are the ones that i can remember. Then if you click on the Autochords or Powerchords, in the piano roll you can have just one note and it will be a chord or power chord.

FL is a kick @ss program!
#29
Ok when i use an effect on My FL the note wont change on the piano roll,it doesnt even show the notes on the side.
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#30
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