hi I have to memorise some chords for friday for my guitar class and I need some help

THe chords:

all help is appreciated
I presume they are all open chords?

Dm - Play the D chord, put your middle finger where your index finger is and then your index on the 1st fret high e string.
D7 - Same formation as the A7 but put your index finger on the 1st fret on the G string.

Em - As you would play the E chord, take your index finger off the G string for Em.
E7 - Same as above but take your ring finger off the D string and you have the E7.

G7 - Play a G chord but replace your pinky finger on the 4th fret (high E string) for your index on the 1st.

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Learn how the chords are formed if you can, it'll help a lot. If you know the major scale you can work out how to construct any chord. For example, a basic E chord uses the following notes from the E major scale. This should help you understand the chords a lot better, which should make remembering them a lot easier. I know it's a lot to read, but trust me on this one

E--0-   root (two octaves higher)
B--0-   5th (one octave higher) 
G--1-   3rd 
D--2-   octave of root
A--2-   5th
E--0-   1st or root

Whilst you're using all 6 strings effectively there's only 3 notes there. The basic A chord is essentially the same, as is D.

A major                                 D major
E--0-   5th (one octave higher)         E--2-   3rd
B--2-   3rd                             B--3-   octave of root
G--2-   octave of root                  G--2-   5th   
D--2-   5th                             D--0-   1st or root 
A--0-   1st or root                     A----   
E----                                   E----

Now, a minor chord has a flattened or "minor" 3rd replacing the major 3rd, so all you need to do is move the 3rd note down by half a step. You already know Am, you change D and E in exactly the same way to make them minor - that should help you remember them as it helps you understand why they are the shapes they are.

A minor                                 D minor                     E minor 
E--0-   5th (one octave higher)         E--1-  minor 3rd            E--0-  root
B--1-   minor 3rd                       B--3-   octave of root      B--0-  5th
G--2-   octave of root                  G--2-   5th                 G--0-  minor 3rd
D--2-   5th                             D--0-   1st or root         D--2-  octave of root
A--0-   1st or root                     A----                       A--2-  5th
E----                                   E----                       E--0-  1st or root

A 7th chord is strictly speaking called a Dominant 7th, instead of flattening the 3rd we have to add the dominant 7th interval from the major scale. If you start at the root note of the chord and play the basic major scale pattern the note one half-step flatter than the seventh note you play is the one you add. Again, this rule applies to any chord. A quick way to locate the note you need for the 7th is that you'll usually be changing one of the notes that's an octave of the root, drop it by one fret to give you a maj 7th, drop it by 2 frets for a 7th.

A7                                      D7                          E7      
E--0-   5th (one octave higher)         E--2-   3rd                 E--0-  root
B--2-   3rd                             B--1-   7th                 B--0-  5th
G--0-   7th                             G--2-   5th                 G--1-  3rd
D--2-   5th                             D--0-   1st or root         D--0-  7th
A--0-   1st or root                     A----                       A--2-  5th
E----                                   E----                       E--0-  1st or root

F and G are a little fiddlier - we'll start with F. F is the note at the first fret of the low E string. Now, if you move your E chord up one fret the three fretted notes are part of the F chord, however all the open notes are wrong. If you could move all those open notes up one fret too, then you'll have a full F chord. This is the basis of barre chords, however you don't need to do a full barre chord yet. Using your E shape as the basis, what you'll do is start the chord from the root note one octave up, that way all you have to do is move the E and B strings up one fret to make an F chord. The notes in brackets are what would make it a full barre chord, but you don't need to worry about that yet. However, once you've learned barre chords you'll be able to move open chord shapes up and down the neck allowing you to play any chord simply.
F major
E--1--   3rd 
B--1--   octave of root
G--2--   5th
D--3--   1st or root

In G the notes of the scale don't appear in the same order, but the principle is the same - you're altering or adding the same notes in terms of the scale though.

G major                   G7
E--3-   root              E--1-   7th
B--0-   3rd               B--0-   3rd
G--0-   octave of root    G--0-   octave of root
D--0-   5th               D--0-   5th
A--2-   3rd               A--2-   3rd   
E--3-   1st or root       E--3-   1st or root
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Last edited by steven seagull at Mar 11, 2007,