#1
i know what they are and stuff, but can you apply the different modes to have say an Am Pentatonic locrian scale or sumtin like that, or is each mode it's own scale.
#2
a mode is a scale played starting from a different note. the modes of the C major scale are ionian (C D E F G A B), dorian (D E F G A B C), phrygian (E F G A B C D) etc. the modes of the Am pentatonic scale would be A C D E G, C D E G A, D E G A C, E G A C D and G A C D E.