#1
ive heard alot of diffrent names for the minor scale. is there any diffrence between melodic, harmonic, and natural minor? or are they just diffrent names for the same thing? and if there is a diffrence, what is it?
#2
Harmonic minor is a minor scale with a raised seventh.
Melodic minor is a minor scale with a raised sixth and seventh.
#3
natural minor - R 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7

melodic minor r 2 b3 4 5 #6 #7

harmonic minor r 2 b3 4 5 b6 #7
#4
It's all about the formulae:
Natural Minor - 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
Harmonic Minor - 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
Melodic Minor (ascending) - 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
Melodic minor descending is the same as the natural minor.
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#5
a minor scale is any scale with a minor third.
meaning the third note in the scale, is a half tone lower than it is in the major of the same note.

the 3 common minor scales are-
natural minor (aeolian mode of the major scale)
R 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7

Harmonic minor - built from natural minor scale with a raised 7th
R 2 b3 4 5 b6 7

melodic minor - built from natural minor with a raised 6th & 7th
R 2 b3 4 5 6 7

most common is the natural minor.

the harmonic and melodic minors create a whole host of new modes... kinda advanced scales




EDIT - just a pointer, so you dont get confused. Spamwise has the degrees labelled incorrectly, although it is easy to see why he has labelled them that way
#6
Quote by Spamwise
natural minor - R 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7

melodic minor r 2 b3 4 5 #6 #7

harmonic minor r 2 b3 4 5 b6 #7

As branny pointed out, thats incorrect. A #7 interval is enharmonic to an octave.

When you raise a flat, it goes back to natural.
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#7
ah yeah. my bad. i was thinking raised sixth and seventh degrees in a major scale. sorry!