Ok, so for some time now I wondered how much wood affects an electric guitar's tone. I mean the only two components I can think of logically affecting the tone would be the frets and the pickups. So how does having different wood on the body affect the tone? and why do people prefer it to be a solid piece of wood instead of multimple pieces glued together. Just something I wondered.
vibrations carrying through the wood...natural frquency of the wood
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So aside from the vibrations of the strings, the pickups pickup the vibrations of the wood as well? Hm...
Also don't forget the type of wood on the fretboard affects tone. i.e. rosewood has warm tones, maple has hard tone, ect.
Like broady said. Natural frequency. Different wood have different structures, which can dampen certain frequencies and harmonise others.

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If you put your ear to your guitars body with out it plugged in and play, You should be able to understand how wood affects the sound.
The pickups are what make the noise, they "pick up" the vibrations of the string. However, the pickups themselves are also going to vibrate, albeit a lot less, and the wood determines how they'll vibrate. It's that combination of the vibration of the string and the miniscule vibrations of the pickups themselves that shapes the tone.
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i was holding my guitar the other day and i played a random chord like normal (it was unplugged). then i rested the bottom end on top of my desk and struck another chord and found that the sound was amplified through the wood of the desk (especially the bass frequencies). it was like plugging my guitar into a quiet amp. pretty cool.
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almost everything about the way the guitar is made effects the sound...pickups, strings, neck wood, fingerboard wood, type of bridge, type of nut, bridge placement, action, intonation...theres more but those are basics
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thanks steven, that explains it. I want to try what psychokiller did now. So if I were to put my guitar next to a desk or something to vibrate along with, it should change the sound right?
Well the string makes the wood vibrate since the string is technically part of the instrument. And the density and quality determine the length and "sound" of the vibration. The pickups then determine how well the vibration gets picked and some shape the sound slightly.
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