#1
I'm planning to take lessons this summer. That gives me 2 months of lessons. How much do you think I will progress in that time, considering they will be 30minute lessons and daily practice of about an hour. I'm a total newbie, by the way.
#2
with 1 hour of daily practice you can improve after you learn the basic os playing
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Squier VM p-bass(i chosed it over a fender!!!) with quarter pounder and gotoh 201!!
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#5
it will give you an array of basic skills but not alot of knowelge of how to apply them, if theres anyway you could work lessons into ur school schedule id reccomend that. if money is an issue, then be sure to get the most out of it.

http://www.all-guitar-chords.com/scales-to-chords.php

^this is an excellent reference to help apply your skills in songwriting. this is the best the internet has to offer in terms of theory, because you probably wont get into that in 2 months.