Note: Before you continue this lesson please be sure to check out the last lesson, in case you don't fully understand the basic chord construction.
What are inversions? Inversions are chords, that instead of starting with the root note, start with the 3, 5, 7, etc.
Since we are starting with triads, we need to know that there are only 2 different inversions. First inversion will start the chord with a 3, while the second inversion starts with the 5.
Now that we know what inversions are, let's start.
First inversionMajor: M3, 5, 1.
Minor: m3, 5, 1.
Diminished: m3, dim5, 1.
Augmented: M3, aug5, 1.
Second inversionMajor: 5, 1, M3.
Minor: 5, 1, m3.
Diminished: dim5, 1, m3.
Augmented: aug5, 1, M3.
For this chords we also have different names.
Starting with the root note will be named root position, since it starts with the root note.
First inversion will be called 6 (sixth) chord, since the separation between the lowest and the highest note is a 6.
Second inversion will be called 6/4 chord, since the separation between lowest note to the highest one is a 6 and from the lowest to the next note is a 4.
I hope this lesson was useful and that you fully understand triads now.
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