Jazz Chord Essentials: Open Triads with Jens Larsen

An introduction to Open voiced triads and a demonstration of how you can use them to play jazz chords.

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After making the triad lesson I thought I might as well make a lesson on open triads because I use them sometimes as chords and sometimes as arpeggios. I think they can sound great and it is a subject that is not covered that often so it deserved a bit of attention. I guess I'll do a lesson on how to use them as arpeggios in solos at a later time.

I never really checked them out in any systematical way so making this lesson I found quite a few new voicings to experiment with.

Open Triads

What is an open triad? Probably some of the most famous examples of open triads on the guitar would be Eric Johnson intro to "Cliffs of Dover," Steve Morse string skipping etudes, and a lot of the guitar parts of the "Californication"-era Red Hot Chili Peppers. They all apply them as triads, but I am going to use them in the same way I approached the triads in my lesson on that.

Here's an example on how to construct open triads from triad inversions. As you can see the idea is to take the 2nd note of the triad and drop it an octave. This is also sometimes referred to as a drop2 voicing, which I already covered with 7th chords in a few other lessons.

Here are the 3 of the basic sort of triads, the ones found in the major scale. I leave out the augmented triad because it is less useful as an upper structure except when playing minorMajor7 chords and since it is symmetrical it is fairly easy to figure out (This is where you go "Challenge accepted!")

Basic triads in inversions:

As I mention in the video, there are a few possible choices when choosing where to place the notes on the neck, to me it varies what I prefer and I try to use whatever fits the situation best. That might be influenced by voice-leading, technique and timbre of the strings.

Here are some basic Cadences constructed with the triad found on the 3rd of each chord: II V I in C using F, Bdim, Em. Of course it is possible to use all string sets, but I find myself using the middle and the top set the most for these voicings so here's the middle one. You should try to do the top one your self, that's a good exercise.


And if you want to play altered dom7th chords then you can use the diminished triad on the 7th degree of the chord so for G7 that would be F dim: F Ab B which gives you these notes over G7: 7, b9 and 3, so the equivalent of a G7b9.

Altering notes in the triad

In order to cover more chords we can start moving away from only viewing the triad as a triad but more as a set of notes over another chord so we can start altering that chord. To me it is handy to have a simple way to construct basic 3 note voicings I can use for any chord type and then it is easier to alter one of the notes while playing becuase there are only three and I know what notes they are in relation to the chord. The way I approach this is the same as what I did in this lesson on drop2 voicings of 7th chords: Drop2 voicings part 2.

Here are a few examples:

G7#5 is in this case constructed by taking a Bdim triad and exchanging the D with a D#. Thinking of this in terms of notes over a G7 this is pretty trivial, but thinking of it as a Bmajorb5 triad is complicated.

In the next example I am taking the Fdim construction and exchange the b9 with a #9 to play G7#9.

Here's the same approach using an F major triad where I substitute the fifth (A) with the 11th (G) to have a Dm7 (11) chord voicing.

In the same way we can construct a Cmaj7 (#11) voicing by changing the G in the Em triad with an F#. so we are playing the notes E F# and B over the C, in a way you could look at that as a Bsus4 triad too.

In this next example I am substituting the 7th (B) of the Cmaj7 with the 6th (A), still using the E minor triad as a starting point.

Of course there more options and things to figure out using these open triads. Actually I got some new info from writing this lesson since I never approached this in a systematical way, so maybe I can make another one later.

Here's a downloadable pdf of the examples: Jazz Chord Essentials - Open Triads.

About the Author:

By Jens Larsen. I hope that you liked the lesson. There are more lessons on my website. If you have any questions or comments then feel free to leave them here or on the video. Please subscribe to my YouTube channel and feel free to connect with me via Facebook, Google+ or Twitter to keep up to date with new lessons, concerts and releases.

18 comments sorted by best / new / date

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    K4K4SHI
    That was exactly what I was searching!! Great Lesson..as always! Anyway do could you please make a lesson where there is an explanation of soloing using triads? I mean that for exemple we are in key of Cmaj and oblivously I can use C Dm Em F G Am and Bdim triads to soloing but how to create a melodic solo?
    jenslarsen
    Thanks! I guess I could make a video on soloing with triads. But the technique to choose which triads to use is the same as what I describe in the triad lesson where I use them as chords. There are also 3 lessons on my website on soloing with triad pairs: http://www.jenslarsen.nl/lessons-2/ They don't have any video material thought sorry about that. Hope that helps?
    jenslarsen
    One method of selecting which triads goes with a chord is quite simple: Take the key of C major, and the chord Cmaj7. Cmajor7 is C E G B. Find the triads with 2 or mor common notes with the chord: That should be Am,C,Em, and G so those triads will work. You only have to watch out if you like the sound of the 6th and the 9th against the chord, that can vary for each degree of the scale. How's that?
    javi.batres.5
    Fuck it I need guitar lessons. After 15 years of self taught, I still don't know anything about this sort of stuff.
    jenslarsen
    Having lessons with a good teacher is fun and probably the most effecient way to progress so why not? (being a teacher myself I don't have an objective opinion on that subject though)
    walter1
    What is this, a tab for ants?
    jenslarsen
    If you're having trouble reading it you can download the pdf, or just follow the video. It has the tabs too. To me it's quite readable though.
    salmon01
    kem00013
    Would this be more relevant if I watched it with sound? I'm at work and can't be bothered getting my headphones out of my bag just yet.
    Dyn101
    someone ban this ****er.....FOTB not on that jens goes to all this trouble to provide a comments section for this prat to pollute the site. FOTB
    macatom
    Or maybe zoom in? Sorry Walter, I should explain for the slow-witted that you just press Ctrl+ a couple of times. PS don't be such an ungrateful ass-hat