The Majors, Minors & Others

Learn chords basic major, minor, augmented and dimished chords, 2nds, 4ths, 5ths, 6ths, 7ths, 9ths, 11ths and 13ths.

The Majors, Minors & Others
6
I would like show you a basic concept in the relationship of the major and minor chords. This way it gives you an easier way to remember them. All chords are made up by it's major scale. Here it is:
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---------------------------8---9----
---------------5---7---9------------
---5---7---9------------------------
***Reference*** Intervals in a major scale would be addressed as: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
  • 1 equals tonic
  • 2 equals 2nd, sus2 (sus equals suspended)(9th, Maj9th & m9th chords)
  • 3 equals 3rd, flat 3rd (flat 3rd is used for minor chords)
  • 4 equals 4th, sus4 (11th chord)
  • 5 equals 5th, aug5 (aug equals augmented)(5+ or sharp 5) (b5 & +5 are added with 7th, m7th, 9th & 13th)
  • 6 equals 6th, minor 6th (13th chord)
  • 7 equals 7th, major 7th, minor 7th, dominant 7th, diminished 7th
  • x equals dead note
  • + equals augmented
  • o7 equals dimished 7
  • Maj equals major
  • m equals minor
  • O equals open note
    A Major       A Minor
                         
    ---5---       ---5---
    ---5---       ---5---
    ---6---       ---5---
    ---7---       ---7---
    ---7---       ---7---
    ---5---       ---5---
    
    Fingering for the major chord would be 1, 3, 4, 2, 1, 1. Fingering for the minor chord would be 1, 3, 4, 1, 1, 1. Make sure to strum each chord with a down stroke counting 1, 2, 3, 4. Then exercise the chords by counting 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &. With all the chords, you can exercise each chord with all down strokes, then down, up strokes.
    Asus2(addB)     A9           AMaj9            Am9  
                                                       
    -------       ---7---       ---7----        ---7---
    ---0---       ---5---       ---x----        ---5---
    ---2---       ---6---       ---6----        ---5---
    ---2---       ---5---       ---6----        ---5---
    ---0---       ---7---       ---7----        ---x---
    -------       ---5---       ---5----        ---5---
    
    Fingering for the Asus2 (addB) would be 0, 3, 4, 0. Fingering for the A9 would be 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 4. Fingering for the A Maj9 would be 1, 3, 2, 2, 4. Fingering for the Am9 would be 2, 3, 3, 3, 4.
     Asus4          A11  
                         
    ---5---       ---5---
    ---5---       ---5---
    ---7---       ---7---
    ---7---       ---5---
    ---7---       ---7---
    ---5---       ---5---
    
    Fingering for the Asus4 would be 1, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1. Fingering for the A11 would be 1, 3, 1, 4, 1, 1.
    A+(aug 5th)
               
      -------  
      ---6---  
      ---6---  
      ---7---  
      ---x---  
      ---5---  
    
    Fingering for the A+ (aug 5th) would be 1, 4, 2, 3.
      A6             Am6            A13  
                                         
    -------        ---5---        ---7---
    ---5---        ---7---        ---7---
    ---6---        ---5---        ---6---
    ---4---        ---7---        ---5---
    ---x---        ---7---        ---x---
    ---5---        ---5---        ---5---
    
    Fingering for the A6 would be 2, 1, 4, 3. Fingering for the Am6 would be 1, 2, 3, 1, 4, 1. Fingering for the A13 would be 1, 2, 3, 4, 4.
     AMaj7          Am7             A7             Ao7  
                                                        
    -------        -------        ---5---        -------
    ---5---        ---5---        ---5---        ---4---
    ---6---        ---5---        ---6---        ---5---
    ---6---        ---5---        ---5---        ---4---
    ---x---        ---x---        ---7---        ---x---
    ---5---        ---5---        ---5---        ---5---
    
    Fingering for the AMaj7 would be 1, 3, 4, 2. Fingering for the Am7 would be 2, 3, 3, 3. Fingering for the A7 would be 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1. Fingering for the Ao7 would be 2, 1, 3, 1.
  • 12 comments sorted by best / new / date

    comments policy
      krenjoe
      Correction on the major scale: ----- ----- ----- -----6---7---- -----5---7---9----- ---5---7---9----- If you know your modes it's the first 8 notes of the Ionian.
      mansen
      In the beginning there is a mistake. The major scale should look like this: e----- B----- G----- D-----6---7---- A-----5--- 7---9----- E---5---7---9-----
      Slydog1227
      I've been playing by ear for 30 years and can't read music. I know that this is "mathematically" how chord alternatives are put together...but I get absolutely nothing from this. After studying it and trying to play through the examples (some of those fingerings are downright impossible!) I get absolutely nothing from it. I couldn't even begin to take a different note and figure out all those alternatives. I SEE the difference, but I don't understand the "relationship" between them any better. What is the point of this? What do you mean by "intervals in a major scale"? You then have the fingering numbered the same. If I was a beginner I might be wondering if those numbers had some correspondence with the interval numbers. I know different.. but you don't explain stuff well enough. I still don't know what you do mean by "intervals" It is confusing.
      manyscissors
      for someone like me who knows way less about anything other than standard major and minor chords than they should given how long they've been playing, this is a big saver of embarrassment, so thanks
      realpeguitar
      Great post, such an important topic. Many people disregard the importance of basics. I have been playing for more that 15 years, and this is still everyday food for me