# A Little Music Theory. Part 2

This is a continuation of my first music theory lesson. I'll be going into more than just building chords, although that will still be in this lesson. You'll learn to build 7th chords and sus2 and sus4 chords. You'll also find out what makes a chord Major or minor or augmented or diminished. It's all really easy once you get used to it.

15
Ok, hopefully everyone learned something from my last lesson, if not, you're in big trouble here. Now, instead of working with the super simple power chords, we're going to go into full triads and 7th chords. So what's a Triad? A Triad is a 3 note chord. Like a power chord, it has the root(1) and the fifth(5), but it has something else to give it a little more spice: the third(3). So why in the world would we use a 3rd? We need something to make the chord major or minor. You can find the 3rd the exact same way you found the 5th. Let's do a full G chord. Start with the G major scale(i'll be using a 3 note per string pattern, don't freak out, it's hitting the same notes, just more of them)
```-----------------------------------------------5--7--8--
--------------------------------------5--7--8-----------
-----------------------------4--5--7--------------------
--------------------4--5--7-----------------------------
-----------3--5--7--------------------------------------
--3--5--7-----------------------------------------------```
Ok, now there's the full 3 note per string Ionian(Major scale) pattern. If you didn't memorize the conventional pattern in the previous lesson you'd better learn it here or you'll be in a lot of trouble. Here we go. Let's build a G Major Triad from this scale. Take the root which would be G. So that's the 3rd fret of the low E string. Then go down to the 3rd which would be 7th fret of the low E. Now we have a problem. You can't play two notes on the same string at the same time! Well let's work around that. You can take that note and find it somewhere else on the fretboard. In this case, you can move the 3rd up to the 2nd fret of the A string. Now that we have that taken care of, let's go to the 5th. This will be on the 5th fret of the A string. We once again run into the problem of 2 notes on 1 string. So we move it. The most logical thing to do is to play the D string open. Alrighty! Now we have our G Major Triad. G B D
```-----------
-----------
-----------
--0--------
--2--------
--3--------```
Now, you may have seen an extended form of this chord like this
```--3-------
--3-------
--0-------
--0-------
--2-------
--3-------```
```---------------------
--3------------------
--x------------------
--4------------------
--2------------------
--3------------------```
This fingering may seem awkward at first but you'll learn to get used to awkward fingerings soon. Notice that I've muted the G string. Since this is a Gmaj7 chord, you don't have to mute that string, it would just be a doubled root. I just like the sound better with it muted. The 7th chords can also be major or minor. The same rules apply, just change the 3rd, don't worry about the 7. Now you know the basics of chord theory. Next lesson I post is going to be much more confusing. It's going to be more advanced. We're going to talk about cadences and progressions. I had hoped to get into progressions here but I think I'll just let all of this info set in. Hopefully it wasn't too difficult to understand but if you're confused about anything just message me and I'll answer your question to the best of my ability and if I can't answer your questions I'll find someone who can. Thanks so much for the support and kind words on my previous lesson. Hopefully this one is even better. Keep practicing and don't give up! Good luck!

### 16 comments sorted by best / new / date

looking back on this, i'm not so sure that's a major 7th chord. it's a 7th chord alright, but idk about major. maybe, maybe not. they're posting my lessons a little later than i had hoped and then i learn something and realize that i made a mistake in the lesson right when it's accepted. well, if i'm wrong, i apologize to everyone. at least you will understand more about building chords.
im not sure about the scale, its like a mix of a couple of scales its nothing like the major scale though, more like the minor and blues. e||-----2-3-2- B||-----3-5-----5-3- G||-----2-4-5----- 5-4-2- D||-----2-4-5-----5-4-2- A||-----2-3-5-----5-3-2- E||--3-5----- -----5-3-
ultrasonic wrote: im not sure about the scale, its like a mix of a couple of scales its nothing like the major scale though, more like the minor and blues. e||-----2-3-2- B||-----3-5-----5-3- G||-----2-4-5----- 5-4-2- D||-----2-4-5-----5-4-2- A||-----2-3-5-----5-3-2- E||--3-5----- -----5-3-
no it's the major scale, it's just an extended pattern. try not to think in terms of the shapes, just the notes. of course, thinking about shapes will help you learn scales easier, but those lessons are comming up later
E----- B---3----12-- G---4----11-- D---4----12-- A---X-- --10-- E---3----- THose are 2 shapes for Gmaj7 idk remember what you had but yea
thanks i understood eveything u r gr8
Aren't major scales supposed to be only normal notes, no sharps or flats (Except that C is Bb and B is C# and E is Fb and F is E#)? If so, again your scales are wrong. I'm new to guitar, not even two weeks i've played, so I'm not sure, but... Gotta keep it precise! It's bad if you learn something wrong from the start.
Garce wrote: Aren't major scales supposed to be only normal notes, no sharps or flats (Except that C is Bb and B is C# and E is Fb and F is E#)? If so, again your scales are wrong. I'm new to guitar, not even two weeks i've played, so I'm not sure, but... Gotta keep it precise! It's bad if you learn something wrong from the start.
Allright! I was totally wrong. Read all about the step pattern from your other lesson, missed it earlier. So, the only Major scale that has only "normal" notes is the C-scale. Thank you very much for these great lessons. This helped me alot. Now that I have the theory, I can start practicing!
Garce wrote: Garce wrote: Aren't major scales supposed to be only normal notes, no sharps or flats (Except that C is Bb and B is C# and E is Fb and F is E#)? If so, again your scales are wrong. I'm new to guitar, not even two weeks i've played, so I'm not sure, but... Gotta keep it precise! It's bad if you learn something wrong from the start. Allright! I was totally wrong. Read all about the step pattern from your other lesson, missed it earlier. So, the only Major scale that has only "normal" notes is the C-scale. Thank you very much for these great lessons. This helped me alot. Now that I have the theory, I can start practicing!
haha no worries, but you should work on technique first! knowing theory is great, but it's almost useless if you can't pull of what you've learned on the instrument. oh, and just a terminology tip, the "normal" notes are called natural notes. learning theory takes a while, i reccomend going to a Community College and taking a Music Theory course. it shouldn't cost too much but you'll get a great education. that's how i learned about chords and chord progressions(although i still need to read up on progressions). most of my scalear knowledge comes from the Guitar Grimoire books along with random google searches haha. good luck and message me any time you have questions
dude, ur lessons r lyk a bible 2 me! i hope u post more soon! finding altenate places to finger the notes is my only problem. im probably just thinkin 2 hard.
12jfrey wrote: dude, ur lessons r lyk a bible 2 me! i hope u post more soon! finding altenate places to finger the notes is my only problem. im probably just thinkin 2 hard.
it just takes time and practice. you'll git it with time, if you practice scales and modes you'll really start to find more convinient fingerings. i'm not really sure what kind of lesson to put up next, any ideas?
Another great lesson! The way you describe it is much easier to understand than most of what I've read. I've been playing for around 12 years and have always wanted to learn theory, but all the books I've ever had were confusing. Thanks again!
AlphaBlackheart wrote: Another great lesson! The way you describe it is much easier to understand than most of what I've read. I've been playing for around 12 years and have always wanted to learn theory, but all the books I've ever had were confusing. Thanks again!
try the complete idiot's guide to music theory(please don't take offence at the title, it's very helpful!)it helped me understand everything better. and if you ever have questions, just message me
I am a beginner who has learnt the Gmaj scale (conventional) what i don't understand is, if your building chords using the 1,3,5 method etc, why can you just add a note in to make it the (Gmaj 3 note method) and the chord still be the same? Hope i haven't missed something painfully obvious, which there is a high chance of! Thanks for the lessen though, just as good as your other ones, if not a bit more confusing haha.
Tidy Max wrote: I am a beginner who has learnt the Gmaj scale (conventional) what i don't understand is, if your building chords using the 1,3,5 method etc, why can you just add a note in to make it the (Gmaj 3 note method) and the chord still be the same? Hope i haven't missed something painfully obvious, which there is a high chance of! Thanks for the lessen though, just as good as your other ones, if not a bit more confusing haha.
i'm not exactly sure what you're asking, are you asking why you can't just take the first three notes of the scale to make a chord? you can try it but i doubt you'll like it lol
Thanks once again. At the risk of repeating the comment I made on the first lesson, its good to see it written out in plain english and with difficult jargon properly explained