Did you ever notice, that you can’t keep your rhythm tight? And because of this you can’t play along with other musicians, or your vocalist can’t sing along with your playing? I see often in my lessons, that beginners or even some experienced guitarists do the same mistakes, which don’t allow them to play tight, and there are some reasons behind this. These are the most common:
1. Musicians practice without a metronome
If you do any exercises without a metronome, your speed is going to flow. Later on, if you play with a band, you, probably, won’t be able to catch a rhythm, and so, you will mess the others.
2. Musicians usually play a rhythm, stopping a hand, while strumming or picking
If you do stop your hand – it will be harder for you to catch a pulse, which is reached by a smooth movement. There will be no pendulum movement, when a hand goes up and down with the same speed, and so, catching a rhythm will be a harder task.
3. Musicians play a downstroke on the upbeat or vise versa
You should keep in mind, on which beat the strumming, or picking starts, to calculate for beginning, where to play a downstroke, and where to go for an upstroke in the bar. When the rhythm in the bar starts on the upbeat – a lot of people start playing with the downstroke because it's the first stroke. Result - people end up with playing an upstroke on a downbeat, throwing the hand off the pulsation of the music. You should watch for it all through the song when you practice, because it is very easy to mess up in one place somewhere in the middle of the bar and ruin all further accenting.
Here is a simple example of strumming rhythm, which starts with an upbeat:
↓ - means strum down from 6-th string to 1-sf.
↑ - means strum up from 1-st string to 6-th.
Red bars indicates where the metronome's beats occurs.
4. Musicians play rhythm, accelerating or slowing down the movement of the hand
You should keep the speed the same, like your hand is a pendulum, because when shifting the speed you will fall of the rhythm, going always faster or slower, than needed.
The solutions for all these problems
1. A very important rule for a musician – practice with a metronome.
With a metronome, you will feel the pulsation of music, learn to play tight and feel more control over your hands. Also it is good to record your playing for yourself to listen to it later, because you will be able to hear some mistakes, which are not so noticeable while playing because your head is busy analyzing tons of things like movements of the hands, techniques, chords change... This will help you to work on your mistakes much better.
I would recommend to recording yourself in program like Cubese. It allows you to visually see when your playing is not tight with the metronome clicks:
2. Find some good exercises for rhythmic.
The simplest and the most effective one – turn on the metronome and clap your hands. Go for a slow tempo (like 60 – 70 bpm) for the first time and clap on every fourth click, then on every second, and further, as it is shown in the picture:
You can expand this task, for example by clapping three times in a bar, combining two and four claps in a bar and so on. This will help you to feel the rhythm with your hands. Take a 10-15 minutes training every day and you will notice the progress soon. If you get confused with choosing an exercise for yourself, or not sure if you do them right way – ask some good guitar teacher to help you.
3. Think about movements for the first time.
Planned movements can help you to play easier with a good attack and your pick hand will move smoother and more comfortably, like a pendulum. Later on when you learn 20-30 songs it will become automatic, of course.
Here is a simple example of where to use up- and downstrokes in the case of a riff with alternate picking:
П - downstroke
V - upstroke
Notice, that your hand shouldn’t stop, when it comes to a pause, it should move further without touching the strings. This helps you to keep the rhythm.
Now let’s have a look on the example with strumming:
As you can see, here is the same principal. A hand moves smoothly in the air, instead of stopping.
4. Practice the movement in front of a mirror.
It is a way for you to look on yourself playing from the side in a real time and to notice a lot of mistakes, like smoothness of the hand movement, too big or too small amplitude of the hand motion, tension in your hand (you will see your muscles straining), and, of course, you will also see, just how cool you look from the side :)
Let’s underline everything. Do not ignore practicing with the metronome to develop a good feeling of the rhythm. Watch for your picking hand to move smoothly and in pulse with music. Take time to analyze your playing. Record, listen and practice.
About the author:
Pasha Bocharov - professional guitarist and guitar teacher with a lot of experience giving guitar lessons for beginners in Moscow.