Scale Chords

author: Meccallica date: 10/02/2008 category: for beginners

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Scale:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C, D, E, F, G etc.
<------------------->
Octave
Each letter is a 'Note', not a chord.
Guitar:

                                          FRETS
          <---------------------------------------------------------------------->

S  ->  e|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
T      B|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
R      G|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
I      D|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
N      A|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
G  ->  E|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
                        O           O           O           O                 OO
The 'O' are the dots on the fretboard on the guitar. Notice on the 12th fret there are 2 dots, this signifies the next octave. Eg: on the 'e' string, the 12th fret would also be an 'e' note. Another thing is that the 5th fret plays the same note as the string higher than it. Eg: playing the 5th fret on a 'E' string would play an 'A' or exactly same as the 'A' string. Except: the 'G' strings 4th fret is a 'B'. Scale On The Guitar:
e|--F--|--F#-|--G--|--G#-|--A--|--A#-|--B--|--C--|--C#-|--D--|--D#-|--E--|
B|--C--|--C#-|--D--|--D#-|--E--|--F--|--F#-|--G--|--G#-|--A--|--A#-|--B--|
G|--G#-|--A--|--A#-|--B--|--C--|--C#-|--D--|--D#-|--E--|--F--|--F#-|--G--|
D|--D#-|--E--|--F--|--F#-|--G--|--G#-|--A--|--A#-|--B--|--C--|--C#-|--D--|
A|--A#-|--B--|--C--|--C#-|--D--|--A#-|--E--|--F--|--F#-|--G--|--G#-|--A--|
E|--F--|--F#-|--G#-|--G#-|--A--|--D#-|--B--|--C--|--C#-|--D--|--D#-|--E--|
                O           O           O           O                 OO
Chords: A chord is made up of a root note, 3 notes above and 5 notes above. Chords on the guitar don't always exactly obey this. Eg: an 'A' chord is this: Key: OOOOO = Fret to put fingers on XXXXX = String NOT to play
e|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
B|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
G|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
D|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
A|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
E|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
We Need:
  • The root note which is A
  • The note 3 up from A, which is C (we include the root note)
  • The note 5 up from A, which is E We Have:
  • C# (Close to a 'C')
  • A
  • E So this makes a chord. Here is a chord list: Key: OOOOO = Fret to put fingers on XXXXX = String NOT to play A:
    e|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    D|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    A|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    E|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
    B:
    e|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|
    D|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|
    A|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|
    E|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    C:
    e|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    D|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    A|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    E|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
    D:
    e|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    D|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    A|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
    E|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
    E:
    e|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    D|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    A|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    E|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    F:
    e|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    D|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    A|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
    E|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
    G:
    e|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    D|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    A|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    E|-----|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    Advanced Chords: Chords also have 7's, 9's, 11's, and even 13's. A '7' E chord would be written as E7. A '9' E chord would be written as E9. etc. 7's, 9's, 11's, and 13's are the notes up from the root note we play. Eg: A7 would equal.
    e|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    B|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    G|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    D|-----|OOOOO|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    A|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|-----|
    E|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|XXXXX|
    Note: The 'A' string is a main note We Need:
  • The root note which is A
  • The note 3 up from A, which is C
  • The note 5 up from A, which is E
  • The note 7 up from A, which is G We Have:
  • C#
  • G#
  • E
  • A So to make 7's, 9's etc. just build up using the scale. There is also something called a 'suspend'. It just means throw. Out the 5th note up from the root note.
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