ScalesAdd the 2nd and 6th to the major triad and you have pentatonic.
MinorThe same thing applies to minor. The root and 5th are the same. The 3rd, 6th and 7th are minor. (Flat them by moving them down one fret). Minor Chord/ Arpeggio (flat 3rd)
Major Meets MinorWe can look at the relationship between major and minor in two main ways. Let's see if I can make this easy...
Relative MinorThe minor scale is the major scale! Start from the 6th note of the major scale and you have the natural minor scale (also called the Aeolian mode). Check it out:
Back To BackSee Rock Prodigy Lesson 7: Whole Half for info on how whole and half steps lay out, up a string and across strings. Put them next to each other and we see that the major scale is WWH WWWH. And starting on the 6th degree of the major scale we have WHW WHWW.
Shift The ShapeCongrats if you're still here. It's a lot, especially if it's new to you. OK so, if major and minor are the same shape that means we can shift from major to minor in two ways.
OneOne way is by playing a different CAGED shape in the same spot. Since minor is just a mode of major then our major CAGED shapes work for minor. Here's what happens, all of our major CAGED shapes shift over one to become the equivalent in minor. To get the C shape for minor, use the CAGED shape before it for minor. I know it's kind of confusing at first. Let's keep going. To get CAGED minor use D-CAGE major shapes. Check it out.
C - Cm ShapeOur Cm shape is the same as the D major shape.
D - Dm ShapeOur Dm shape is the same as the E major shape.
A - Am ShapeOur Am shape is the same as the C major shape.
E - Em ShapeOur Em shape is the same as the G major shape.
G - Gm ShapeOur Gm shape is the same as the A major shape.
TwoThe other is by shifting a major CAGED shape up three frets to make it into a minor key and back to make it major again.
Change KeyLearn the notes on the neck and shift the shape to play in any key. The CAGED system shapes help with finding the notes on the neck as well. Check it out: