Punk Rock Music II

The ultimate quide to playing punk rock like bands like Green Day, The All-American Rejects, and Fall Out Boy.

0
01. Introduction 02. How to read tab 03. Power chords 04. Octaves 05. Drop D tuning 06. Palm muting 07. Natural Harmonics 08. Techniques a. Hammer-ons/ Pull-offs b. String bending c. Slides 09. Solos 10. Conclusion

01. Introduction

In this lesson, you will learn to play rock music! These are very easy things to learn, and with a few weeks of practice, you will be able to play many rock songs. This lesson will cover how to read tab, power chords, octaves, drop D tuning, palm muting, natural harmonics, hammer-ons, pull-offs, string bending, slides, and solos.

02. How To Read Tab

You probably already know how to read tablature, but in case you don't -- here is a good place to go to learn it.

03. Power Chords

Power chords are the basis of rock music. It's hard to find a rock song that doesn't have at least one power chord in it. Power chords are made to sound big with little or no distortion. Power chords have 1 basic shape. The shape looks like this:
|---------------|
|---------------|
|---------------|
|-2--3--4--5--6-| and so on down the fretboard
|-2--3--4--5--6-|
|-0--1--2--3--4-|
There are also power chords that use the A D G strings. They look like this:
|---------------|
|---------------|
|-2--3--4--5--6-|
|-2--3--4--5--6-| and so on down the fretboard
|-0--1--2--3--4-|
|---------------|
To play power chords, you put your 1st finger (index) by the fret that is the lowest sounding and your 3rd finger (ring) on the two frets that are the same. Like this:
i = index
m = middle
r = ring
p = pinky

  0  1   2   3   4   5 
e|-|---|---|---|---|---|
B|-|---|---|---|---|---|
G|-|---|---|---|---|---|
D|-|---|---|-r-|---|---|
A|-|---|---|-r-|---|---|
E|-|-i-|---|---|---|---|
Here are some songs that use power chords:
Nirvana - Smells Like Teen Spirit (intro):
e|--------------------------------|
b|--------------------------------|
G|-----------3-3-------------6-6--| (x2)
D|--3--3-3---3-3----6--6-6---6-6--|
A|--3--3-3---1-1----6--6-6---4-4--|
E|--1--1-1----------4--4-4--------|


Relient K - Sadie Hawkins Dance (chorus):
e|---------------------|
b|---------------------|
G|-3333--------------8-|
D|-3333--3333--5555--8-| (x2)
A|-1111--3333--5555--6-|
E|-------1111--3333----|

Switchfoot - Dare You To Move (chorus):
e|---------------------------------------|
b|---------------------------------------|
G|-9-9-9-9-9-----------------------------|
D|-9-9-9-9-9-9-9-9-9-9-7-7-7-7-7-7-7-7-9-| (x2)
A|-7-7-7-7-7-9-9-9-9-9-7-7-7-7-7-7-7-7-9-|
E|-----------7-7-7-7-7-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-7-|
If you need more help learning power chords, you can learn them here.

04. Octaves

Octaves are a lot like power chords, but you just mute the string between the top and bottom strings your playing. Octaves are just two of the same notes, only one note is higher than the other. Octaves look like this:
|---------------|
|---------------|
|---------------|
|-2--3--4--5--6-|
|-x--x--x--x--x-|
|-0--1--2--3--4-|
They also are played on the A D G strings like this:
|---------------|
|---------------|
|-2--3--4--5--6-|
|-x--x--x--x--x-|
|-0--1--2--3--4-|
|---------------|
The "x" you see means that you mute that string so you can barely hear it. You mute this string with your 1st finger by laying it over the string that needs to be muted. You then play the highest string with your 3 finger. If you look at what the notes on the frets your playing are, then you'll find that they are the same notes, only one note is higher than the other. This example should show you:
|---|    |---|         |---|    |---|
|---|    |---|         |---|    |---|
|-2-| or |-A-| also... |-9-| or |-E-|
|-x-|    |-x-|         |-x-|    |-x-|
|-0-|    |-A-|         |-7-|    |-E-|
|---|    |---|         |---|    |---|
Here are some songs using octaves:
Alkaline Trio - Time To Waste (solo):
e|---------------------------------------------------------|
b|---------------------------------------------------------|
G|-6666-141414141313131311111111-7777-14141414131313137777-|
D|-xxxx-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x--xxxx-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-xxxx-|
A|-4444-12121212111111119 9 9 9 -5555-12121212111111115555-|
E|---------------------------------------------------------|

e|------------------------------------------------|
b|------------------------------------------------|
G|8888-141414141313131311111111-7777-14141414-9-7-|
D|xxxx-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x x x x -xxxx-x-x-x-x--x-x-|
A|6666-12121212111111119 9 9 9 -5555-12121212-7-5-|
E|------------------------------------------------|
Here's a song using octaves and power chords:
Hawthorne Heights - Ohio Is For Lovers (pre-chorus):
e|------------------------------------------------|
b|------------------------------------------------|
g|-----------666688889999-------------------------|
d|-2-4-66----xxxxxxxxxxxx---22222222222222--44-66-|
a|-2-4-66----444466667777---22222222222222--44-66-|
e|-0-2-44-------------------00000000000000--22-44-|

e|-------------------------------------------|
b|-------------------------------------------|
g|-131313131515151516161616------------------|
d|--x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x---22222222222222-|
a|-111111111313131314141414---22222222222222-|
e|----------------------------00000000000000-|

05. Drop D Tuning

Other than the normal EADGbe tuning, there is also another tuning. It is DADGbe or "drop D" for short. It is simple, you just tune the low E string to be a low D. To do this, you tune the 6th string, 7th fret so it matchs the 5th string, no frets. Another way to tune it, is by ear. All you do is strum the 4, 5, and 6 strings and lower the 6th string. If you listen to it, you will be able to tell if it is tuned right, you just have to listen to it. Power Chords In Drop D. Power chords in drop D are the same as EADGbe power chords except all of the strings are on the same fret. They look like this:
|---------------|
|---------------|
|---------------|
|-0-1-2-3-4-5-6-| and so on down the fretboard
|-0-1-2-3-4-5-6-|
|-0-1-2-3-4-5-6-|
To play power chords on the A D G strings, you don't change anything. These power chords look the same because none of those strings have a different tuning then before. Here are a couple of songs using the drop D tuning:
Switchfoot - Meant To Live (verse):
e|-----------------------------------------------------------|
b|-----------------------------------------------------------|
G|-----------------------------------------------------------|
D|-4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-4--4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-7--5-|
A|-4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-4--4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-7--5-|
D|-4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-4--4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-7--5-|

e|--------------------------------------------------------|
b|--------------------------------------------------------|
G|--------------------------------------------------------|
D|-4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-4--4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-7-|
A|-4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-4--4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-7-|
D|-4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-4--4-0--0-2-0--0-4-0--0-4-5-7-|
Now let's combine the D A D strings with the A D G string octaves in Sugar, We're Going Down by Fall Out Boy:
e|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
b|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
G|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
D|-0000000000000000-5555555555555555-999999999999999-5555555555555555-|
A|-0000000000000000-5555555555555555-999999999999999-5555555555555555-|
D|-0000000000000000-5555555555555555-999999999999999-5555555555555555-|

e|------------------------------------------------------------|
b|------------------------------------------------------------|
G|-----777-----777-----777-----777----------------------------|
D|-000-xxx-000-xxx-555-xxx-555-xxx----------------------------|
A|-000-555-000-555-555-555-555-555----------------------------|
D|-000-----000-----555-----555--------------------------------|

e|------------------------------------------------------------|
b|------------------------------------------------------------|
G|-----111111-----111111-----777-----777----------------------|
D|-999-x-x-x--999-x-x-x--555-xxx-555-xxx----------------------|
A|-999-9-9-9--999-9-9-9--555-555-555-555----------------------|
D|-999--------999--------555-----555--------------------------|

06. Palm Muting

Palm muting is just a very simple technique that gives you a short, stubby sound that doesn't completely mute the string but you would think that because of the name. All you have to do is place the side of your right hand (not necessarily your palm) at the bottom of the strings, right by the bridge. To know that you need to palm mute, you will see dots (.) underneath each power chord or chord or so on. Here is an example:
|---------------------|
|---------------------|
|---------------------|
|-2222-4444-6666-8888-|
|-2222-4444-6666-8888-|
|-0000-2222-4444-6666-|
pm.... .... .... ....
Here are some songs using palm muting:
Hawthorne Heights - Ohio Is For Lovers (verse 2):
e|------------------------------------------------------------------|
b|------------------------------------------------------------------|
G|------------------------------------------------------------------|
D|-6666666666664444666666666666444422222222222244442222222222224444-|
A|-6666666666664444666666666666444422222222222244442222222222224444-|
E|-4444444444442222444444444444222200000000000022220000000000002222-|
pm ................................................................ 

Relient K - Sadie Hawkins Dance (verse):
e|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
b|--------------------------------------------------------------------|
G|-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3------------------------------------8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-|
D|-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3--3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3--5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5--8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-| 
A|-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1--3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3--5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5--6-6-6-6-6-6-6-6-|
E|------------------1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1--3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3------------------|
pm . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . 
Now try palm muting in drop D tuning:
Fall Out Boy - Sugar, We're Going Down (pre-chorus):
e|---------------------------------------------------------|
b|---------------------------------------------------------|
G|---------------------------------------------------------|
D|-000000-55555555-777777-99999999-101010101010-99999999-5-|
A|-000000-55555555-777777-99999999-101010101010-99999999-5-|
D|-000000-55555555-777777-99999999-101010101010-99999999-5-|
pm ...... ........ ...... ........ ............ ........ .

07. Natural Harmonics

Natural harmonics are pretty much just muting strings. All you do is place your whole hand over all strings to mute them and strum. Natural harmonics are shown with x's. Here are some songs using natural harmonics (I just added the natural harmonics where they go on these songs we already learned):
Nirvana - Smells Like Teen Spirit (intro):
e|--------xxxx-----xx----------xxxx----xx-|
b|--------xxxx-----xx----------xxxx----xx-|
G|--------xxxx--33-xx----------xxxx-66-xx-| (x2)
D|--3--33-xxxx--33-xx---6--66--xxxx-66-xx-|
A|--3--33-xxxx--11-xx---6--66--xxxx-44-xx-|
E|--1--11-xxxx-----xx---4--44--xxxx----xx-|

08. Techniques

Here are a few common guitar techniques that will enhance the sound of your music. Please note, these are not the only guitar techniques there are to learn. a. Hammer-ons And Pull-offs Hammer-ons and pull-offs are a guitar technique that is used to make your sound more smooth. When you do a hammer-on or pull-off it's like doing a slur on another instrument (that's the way I look at it). Here's how you do each: Hammer-ons: you do a hammer-on when you go from a note on the guitar to a higher note (like from the 2 fret on the low E string to the 3 fret on the low E string) without picking the second time. All you do is pick the first note then press down the fret on the next note. Hammer-ons are done on the same string and are shown in tab by an "h." Pull-offs: to do a pull-off, you just do the opposite of a hammer-on. Instead of going to a higher note, you would go to a lower note (like from the 3 fret om the low E string to the 2 fret on the low E string). And, once again, you would only pluck the string the first time and pull-off your finger to let the second note ring out. Pull-offs are shown in tab by a "p." Here are a bunch of hammer-on and pull-off exercises I do for practice. Try doing these in different picking patterns (all downstrokes, all upstrokes, alternate picking):
|---------------------5h6------------------------| 
|-----------------5h6-----5h6--------------------| 
|-------------5h6-------------5h6----------------| 
|---------5h6---------------------5h6------------| 
|-----5h6-----------------------------5h6--------| 
|-5h6-------------------------------------5h6----| 

|---------------------5h7------------------------| 
|-----------------5h7-----5h7--------------------| 
|-------------5h7-------------5h7----------------| 
|---------5h7---------------------5h7------------| 
|-----5h7-----------------------------5h7--------| 
|-5h7-------------------------------------5h7----| 

|---------------------5h8------------------------| 
|-----------------5h8-----5h8--------------------| 
|-------------5h8-------------5h8----------------| 
|---------5h8---------------------5h8------------| 
|-----5h8-----------------------------5h8--------| 
|-5h8-------------------------------------5h8----| 

|---------------------6p5------------------------| 
|-----------------6p5-----6p5--------------------| 
|-------------6p5-------------6p5----------------| 
|---------6p5---------------------6p5------------| 
|-----6p5-----------------------------6p5--------| 
|-6p5-------------------------------------6p5----| 

|---------------------6h7------------------------| 
|-----------------6h7-----6h7--------------------| 
|-------------6h7-------------6h7----------------| 
|---------6h7---------------------6h7------------| 
|-----6h7-----------------------------6h7--------| 
|-6h7-------------------------------------6h7----| 

|---------------------6h8------------------------| 
|-----------------6h8-----6h8--------------------| 
|-------------6h8-------------6h8----------------| 
|---------6h8---------------------6h8------------| 
|-----6h8-----------------------------6h8--------| 
|-6h8-------------------------------------6h8----| 

|---------------------7p5------------------------| 
|-----------------7p5-----7p5--------------------| 
|-------------7p5-------------7p5----------------| 
|---------7p5---------------------7p5------------| 
|-----7p5-----------------------------7p5--------| 
|-7p5-------------------------------------7p5----|

|---------------------7p6------------------------| 
|-----------------7p6-----7p6--------------------| 
|-------------7p6-------------7p6----------------| 
|---------7p6---------------------7p6------------| 
|-----7p6-----------------------------7p6--------| 
|-7p6-------------------------------------7p6----|

|---------------------7h8------------------------| 
|-----------------7h8-----7h8--------------------| 
|-------------7h8-------------7h8----------------| 
|---------7h8---------------------7h8------------| 
|-----7h8-----------------------------7h8--------| 
|-7h8-------------------------------------7h8----| 

|---------------------8p5------------------------| 
|-----------------8p5-----8p5--------------------| 
|-------------8p5-------------8p5----------------| 
|---------8p5---------------------8p5------------| 
|-----8p5-----------------------------8p5--------| 
|-8p5-------------------------------------8p5----| 

|---------------------8p6------------------------| 
|-----------------8p6-----8p6--------------------| 
|-------------8p6-------------8p6----------------| 
|---------8p6---------------------8p6------------| 
|-----8p6-----------------------------8p6--------| 
|-8p6-------------------------------------8p6----| 

|---------------------8p7------------------------| 
|-----------------8p7-----8p7--------------------| 
|-------------8p7-------------8p7----------------| 
|---------8p7---------------------8p7------------| 
|-----8p7-----------------------------8p7--------| 
|-8p7-------------------------------------8p7----|
b. String Bending. String bending is the sort of "wah" sound you hear. To do string bending, you do just as it sounds, bend the string on the fret your playing. When bending a string, you just pull the string down after you press it down. A bend is represented on tablature with a "b" and you release the bend when you see the "r." Here's a song that uses a bend:
Switchfoot - Meant To Live (intro):
e|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
b|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
G|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
D|--------4b--4r---------4b--4r---------4b--4r--5--5-5-5-7---------|
A|-2-2-2----------0-0-0-------------------------5--5-5-5-7---------|
D|-------------------------------2-2-2----------5--5-5-5-7---------|
c. Slides Slides are just as they sound. You just slide your chord, note, power chord, to a new position (picking/strumming twice) but you don't lift your hand, you just slide it along the fretboard to the next space. The only time your really ever do this with chords are when you do barre chords, you rarely do it any other time with chords. Example: Bm to Cm. Slides are represent in tab by a "/" or "\". Here is another Switchfoot song that uses a slide and harmonics:
Switchfoot - Dare You To Move (verse 2):
E|--------------------------------------|
B|--------------------------------------|
G|--------------------------------------|
D|-9/11-xxxx-9/11-xxxx-9/11x7-9/11-xxxx-|
A|-9/11-xxxx-9/11-xxxx-9/11x7-9/11-xxxx-|
E|-7/9--xxxx-7/9--xxxx-7/9-x5-7/9--xxxx-|

E|--------------------------------------|
B|--------------------------------------|
G|--------------------------------------|
E|9/11-xxxx-9/11x7-4-4-4-xxxx-4-4-4-xxx-|
A|9/11-xxxx-9/11x7-4-4-4-xxxx-4-4-4-xxx-|
E|7/9--xxxx-7/9-x5-2-2-2-xxxx-2-2-2-xxx-|

E|------------------------------|
B|------------------------------|
G|------------------------------|
D|x4x-7-7-7xxxx-7-7-7xxxx-7-7-7-|
A|x4x-7-7-7xxxx-7-7-7xxxx-7-7-7-|
E|x2x-5-5-5xxxx-5-5-5xxxx-5-5-5-|

E|----------------------------------------------|
B|----------------------------------------------|
G|----------------------------------------------|
D|9/11-xxxx-9/11-xxxx-9/11x7~-4-4-4xxxx4-4-4xxx-|
A|9/11-xxxx-9/11-xxxx-9/11x7~-4-4-4xxxx4-4-4xxx-|
E|7/9--xxxx-7/9--xxxx-7/9-x5~-2-2-2xxxx2-2-2xxx-|

E|--------------------------|
B|--------------------------|
G|--------------------------|
D|x-4x7-7-7xxxx-7-7-7xxxx-7-|
A|x-4x7-7-7xxxx-7-7-7xxxx-7-|
E|x-2x5-5-5xxxx-5-5-5xxxx-5-|

09. Solos

There isn't much to say about solos except on thing: try to make them as easy as you can! By this I mean put your hands in chord positions and just try to move those "chords" around. And by this I mean try to put your fingers down on the fretboard where the notes will go and pick the notes individually, then move to another "chord" and pick those notes, and so on. Here are some pretty easy solos to practice:
Green Day - Wake Me Up When September Ends (solo): 
e|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
B|----12----12--12|----12----12--12|----13----13--13|1515151515151515|
G|1212--1212--12--|1111--1111--11--|1212--1212--12--|1212121211111111|
D|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
A|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
E|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|

e|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
B|----12----12--12|----12----12--12|----13----13--13|1515151515151515|
G|1212--1212--12--|1111--1111--11--|1212--1212--12--|1212121212121212|
D|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
A|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
E|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|

e|----------------|----------------|----------------|
B|1515151515151515|1515151515151515|1515151515151515|
G|1111111111111111|1212121212121212|1111111111111111| 
D|----------------|----------------|----------------| 
A|----------------|----------------|----------------|
E|----------------|----------------|----------------|

Green Day - American Idiot (solo):
|----------------------------------|
|----------------------------------|
|-1010101010101010101010101010-8-6-|
|--x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-|
|--8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-6-4-|
|----------------------------------|

|----------------------------------------------|
|----------------------------------------------|
|-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-10-8-6-5-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-6-5-3---|
|-x-x-x-x-x-x-x--x-x-x-x---------------------6-|
|-6-6-6-6-6-6-6--8-6-4-3-----------------------|
|----------------------------------------------|

|-------------------8-------------|
|-----9------11-----------11---9~-|
|-8-8----8-8----8-8---8-8----8----|
|---------------------------------|
|---------------------------------|
|---------------------------------|

|----------------------------------|
|----------------------------------|
|-1010101010101010101010101010-8-6-|
|--x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-|
|--8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-6-4-|
|----------------------------------|

|------------------------------------------------|
|----------------------------------------------9-|
|-8-8-8-8-8-8-8-10-8-6-5-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-6-5-3-----|
|-x-x-x-x-x-x-x--x-x-x-x---------------------6---|
|-6-6-6-6-6-6-6--8-6-4-3-------------------------|
|------------------------------------------------|

Green Day - Boulevard Of Broken Dreams (solo):
|-----------------------------------|
|-----------------------------------|
|--6-6-6-6---------8-8-8-8----------|
|--6-6-6-6-6-6-6-6-8-8-8-8-3-3-3-3--|
|--4-4-4-4-6-6-6-6-6-6-6-6-3-3-3-3--|
|----------4-4-4-4---------1-1-1-1--|
 
|-----------------------------------|
|--6-----8/9-----13/11---8/9---9----|
|-----------------------------------| 
|-----------------------------------| 
|-----------------------------------|
|-----------------------------------|
 
|-----------------------------------|
|-----------------------------------|
|--6-6-6-6---------8-8-8-8----------|
|--6-6-6-6-6-6-6-6-8-8-8-8-3-3-3-3--|
|--4-4-4-4-6-6-6-6-6-6-6-6-3-3-3-3--|
|----------4-4-4-4---------1-1-1-1--|
 
|-----------------------------------|
|--6-----8/9-----13/11---8/9---9----|
|-----------------------------------| 
|-----------------------------------| 
|-----------------------------------|
|-----------------------------------|

|-----------------------------------|
|-----------------------------------|
|--6-6-------------8-8-8-8----------|
|--6-6-----6-6-----8-8-8-8-3-3-3-3--|
|--4-4-----6-6-----6-6-6-6-3-3-3-3--|
|----------4-4-------------1-1-1-1--|
 
|-----------------------------------|
|--6-----8/9-----13/11---8/9---9----|
|-----------------------------------| 
|-----------------------------------| 
|-----------------------------------|
|-----------------------------------|
 
|---------------------------------------------------|
|---------------------------------------------------|
|--6-6-------------5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5--|
|--6-6-----6-6-----5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5-5--|
|--4-4-----6-6-----3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3--|
|----------4-4--------------------------------------|
 
|---------------------------------------------------|
|--6-----8/9----11/13-13-13-13-13-13-13-13-13-13-13-|
|---------------------------------------------------| 
|---------------------------------------------------| 
|---------------------------------------------------|
|---------------------------------------------------|

Weezer - Beverly Hills (solo):
e|----------------|--------4b------|----------------|----------------|
B|--6-4-----------|--6-4-------6---|--6-4-----------|----------------|
G|------5-3-3431--|------5---------|------5-3-3431--|3--3--1---------|
D|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
A|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
E|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|

e|----------------|--------4b------|----------------|----------------|
B|--6-4-----------|--6-4-------6---|--6-4-----------|----------------|
G|------5-3-3431--|------5---------|------5-3-3431--|3--3--1---------|
D|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
A|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
E|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|


All-American Rejects - Dirty Little Secret (solo):
e|---------------------------------------------------------|
B|----11---11--9-9p8-9p8------11---11--9-9p8-------13(15)--|
G|-----------------------8-------------------10/12---------|
D|--8----8------------------8----8-------------------------|
A|---------------------------------------------------------|
E|---------------------------------------------------------|

e|-----13-----13--11-11p10-11p10--------13-----13--11-11p10-11p10------|
B|--11-----11--------------------11~-11-----11--------------------11\--|
G|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
D|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
A|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
E|---------------------------------------------------------------------|

10. Conclusion

Thanks for taking the time to read my lesson (it took me like 2 weeks to do it). If you have any questions you can e-mail me at gdm09@hotmail.com. Feel free to leave any comments.

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    IcarusInTheSun
    Nice lesson but I have one point to make. Natural harmonics are not just palm muting and strumming. Natural harmonics is when you insert another node (point of no vibration) into the string that forced the string to form a sinosoid wave with much smaller wavelength that will satisfy all of the nodes and therefore gives the note a higher pitch. This is not a basic technique. Ill try to explain it quickly, the strings basic shape is in a sinosoid (sine) wave with two nodes at the end of the string and many many frequencies in it as well as the basic one that you hear when you play a note. When you fret the string you just move one of the nodes and decrease the wavelength and increase the pitch. However, when you naturally harmonic you place the your finger lightly on a point on the string so that there can be vibration on either side of your finger. In other word very lightly. However, it isn't that simple. Because certain combinations of nodes produce pitches that are nearly impossible to play or hear (too high), there are only a few places that you can play a natural harmonic and create a part of what is called the harmonic series. Heres where math comes in. If you play a harmonic at the 12th fret or one octave above the root then you have cut the string in half (because one octave higher increases the frequency by 2 and cuts the length in half (these relationships are fairly complex mathematically and i don't want to try to explain it)). To make a long story short the string has and easy way of satisfying all three nodes and thats to make a harmonic sound that has 3 nodes two at the end and one at the 12th fret. The two waves on either side of the guitar (towards the nut or bridge) are equal and reflections of each other. This makes a sound that is the same as fretting a string at the 12th fret although much clearer because only the wavelengths and frequencies that have nodes at all 3 place sound, unlike with a fretted note which actually has at least 2 times as many extra sounds (this is another mathematical concept i will not try to explain). A similar process happens when you harmonic at 7 or 19 which cut the string into 3rds. The string can only produce pitches that satisfy all three nodes and so the string forms a triple sinosoid wave with four nodes (one at the third that you did not harmonic on all equal) and plays the 5th above one octave above the root. A similar thing happens at the 5 or 24th fret (quarters of the string) except this time the string has 5 nodes (one at each end, one at the 12th fret (half) 5th fret(1 quarter) and one at the 24 (3 quarters) and the note is 2 octaves above the root. And this pattern continues; one octave, an octave and a 5th, 2 octaves, two octaves and a fifth, 3 octaves... Now the pitch is limited because as you make more and more high frequencies you rely on ones that were weaker and weaker in the open string and so eventually there is no clear ringing sound. I realize that this is very confusing so I would suggest that if you have not played long to not worry at all about harmonics. I played for a long time without them and I did just fine. Also, it requires a good knowledge of music theory and math to understand them so don't worry. Good lesson otherwise
    timo1
    its quite easy really i find it easy and im just 10 years old.really easy
    Punk Rocker
    None of those bands are punk at all, I mean for Gods sake, Nirvana?!? As for the article itself it was ok, not great, but ok.
    dbutz
    it's a good start to rock music if you grew up on classical, like me.
    Marshall787878
    take_it_t wrote: Umm, I disagree with making solos simple like that. Like you should say make a solo that fits in with the music. There are a lot of solos in classic rock music all sorts of other genres that are simple and easy and thats because they fit in with the music, not every song needs tapping mixed with 32nd note appregios...etc. You shouldnt be making that statement.
    its a punk lesson there not goin to put a yngwie solo in the lesson instead a dead easy shitty green day solo
    bodec_
    man .... those bands arent ****in punk theyre shitty ass new bands that ... just ****ing suck
    bigshoes=
    the thing is to tune drop d why not get a tuner? fair enuff most ppl can tune E to D but if there learning this is abit easy u think?
    saetia16
    80smoviesguy wrote: saetia16 wrote: Macktruck wrote: Good lesson but i think you had octaves alittle confused. Greenday was the only punk band here, and they aint even punk anymore. emo SUCKS!!!! you...(along with many others that have posted) are a complete d'umbass! for one thing green day was NEVER punk, they are and always have been pop punk. another thing is emo does not suck. you do, because you have no clue what emo is emo was started in the 70's when minor threat played their last show. it is a form of hardcore you stupid f'ucker. maybe next time you should do some research so you dont look like a complete fag. emo is not FOB, green day, etc. real emo is hotcross, circle takes the square, saetia, rites of spring, moss icon, i would set myself on fire for you, you and i, comadre, etc. so shut the f'uck up you retard. although i partially agree with you, you should do your research as well. Minor Threat was never emo, and they weren't even around in the 70's. They played their last concert in 1983. I think the band you're referring to (and the band that suposedly started emo) is Fugazi. There is a lot of confusion over what is emo and what is not. The emo of today, which actually completely sucks, is 3rd wave emo. 1st wave emo bands, like Fugazi, don't suck, but the emo we have today has been so completely warped from its origins, so its strange to actually call it emo, because its sounds nothing like what it once did. anyways, the lesson was alright, except for all the mistakes about punk that everyone else already mentioned.
    actually i only made one mistake, and that was the 70's was meant to be the 80's. sorry about the error, but i never said minor threat was emo. i said the emo genre began after minor threat played their last show. i was not speaking of fugazi, fugazi started the post hardcore genre and are a whole different story. i was speaking of the two founders of emo, moss icon and rites of spring (which in fact had at least one member of minor threat in it). and last but not least there is no 3rd wave emo, the bulls'hit being called emo today is pop punk mainly.
    GD_clay
    I think you did a great job, it helped me anyway. What right do any of you people have to dismiss anyone else's perception of what type of music fits into which genre. If you don't agree with what was in the lesson then simply make your own. Anyways thanks man
    izzymcfizzy
    I think its so dumb how everyone needs to get all precise with the genres. Nirvana DEFINITELY had a punk-influenced sound, especially their earlier stuff, so I don't see why Nirvana shouldn't be allowed to be described as some form of punk. And dropped-D isn't just for grunge. Dropped D tuning has become a useful tool in all genres of music, especially newer waves of punk rock (especially the sub-group of pop-punk, just for you idiots who feel insulted when someone calls Blink182 punk) and metal. Hell, even Pink Floyd used dropped D ("Another Brick in the Wall" and "Run Like Hell"), and that was way before anyone even came up with the whole "grunge" label. Green Day IS punk. At least a newer form of it. They are now less "punk-ish" sounding than their older stuff, but there is no denying that Green Day is in fact considered PUNK. Not a bad beginner's lesson at all, just a few mismatched concepts. But it was still pretty good, man.
    disuse_PUNK
    I love how ppl try n diss these bands....just remember they're the ones making a living out of it....u wanna put them down? Make a bigger living out it
    ihaveatail
    i skimmed on the comments and i am really disappointed. Even though i already knew all of this, I read it and found it was not bad. Sure he got band genre and harmonics wrong, but everything else was great stuff for beginners,WHICH WAS WHO IT WAS MEANT FOR. If you got constructive comments post them in a non negative way. This is why a lot of ppl don't post .articles
    Oblivious
    Wow--A guy tries to help beginners out by telling them some basic techniques that are used in both punk music and alterna-rock, and he gets jumped on because of something as stupid as the bands not being punk. I realize that his examples aren't really punk, but the techniques are used in that type of music, so who freaking cares? It'd be nice if that harmonic thing hadn't been incorrect, but the simple fact is that this guy actually some time into this and he doesn't deserve a bunch of crap. At least he's contributing something to this site, ya know? Good job, gdm09.
    timo1
    this is for really beginners and im glad u can help them .i like the effort u put
    I_Dont_Know
    people drop d isn't meant to reach one more note!!!! it's meant to make bigger stretches that you couldn't make before!!!! sorry but i don't see the point in tuning it to drop d if youre just gonna play power chords!!! and drop d is grunge not punk... not bad lesson though
    I_Dont_Know
    simonzwaan wrote: greenday, fallout boy punk rock ? w/e maybe all american rejects a little but green day and fallout boy are just alternaticve rock or rock
    not alternative nuh uh!! OKAY PEOPLE!!! lesson not bad naming of bands horrible but.... you reviewers were bad to!!! fall out boy not emo!! sunny day real estate emo!!! sex pistols not punk!!! the clash punk!!! (first of all sex pistols have sold out and were manufactured from the start?!?! hasn't anyone noticed over the top stuff such as... umm their music banned in teh uk? last time i checked punk was about get5ting your music out there and making a difference not spreading propaganda and getting banned and making no difference whats so ever) go ahead and "flame" me i don't care!! oh and natural harmonics are lightly touching the string to let it ring out and for a power chord you use your pinky so you can drop the third note easier (if necessary)
    I_Dont_Know
    annddd punk is more about not caring not trying to scare!! and they changed their names!! to some pretty gay ones too. doesn't it just sound like a pirates name? johnny rotten?
    simonzwaan
    greenday, fallout boy punk rock ? w/e maybe all american rejects a little but green day and fallout boy are just alternaticve rock or rock
    fenderguy09
    BlueTails wrote: A.) did 40 different ppl need to rag on him for screwing up natural harmonics? we get it, he was wrong. B.) rate the lesson, UG lesson comment spaces are just becoming genre arugments for ppl with nothing better to do. good lesson man, i'm not a huge fan of guitar techniques from punk whether you call punk; green day, sex pistols, or FOB, but still, good lesson, don't let these guys get you down.
    thanks a lot man
    saetia16
    iPanAx wrote: as of sevendayloss...punk isn't a fashion. its a lifestyle..dont fabricate punk like its a fashion. you can't cloth the attitude of someone who is "punk" persay. just had to correct you on that one. but whoever made this. some good advice. im an experienced player. i just like to browse things. but also..by the way. the clash and the sex pistols were the basis of punk around the late 60's and through out the 70's. they might not be good in your opinion, i mean even i dont liste to either of them. but you shouldn't try to classify a music by clothing style or how they sing. but i have to agree with one thing indie_rock_king said...**** emo. there gay. im out.
    your a f'ucking idiot!
    LongLiveRock628
    great lesson on punk rock. as you know a power chord you are an AMAZING punk rock guitarist. *cough* which doesnt say much *cough* \
    LongLiveRock628
    and these arent punk bands and ur mistake is having a high schooler as your teacher. get a professional and you will learn how to play guitar good which is better than playing it the popular way. im just helping you
    Bobby Darko
    This was decent. I've read a million of these and i know all this shit already but when new lessons come out i still read them just to see if there's anything new that i didn't know. I knew about Drop D tuning but i never actually used it. Harmonics i've read about but never actually used any while playing any songs. Anyway, pretty good lesson. Those bands aren't punk but the technique is right for the most part. It's pretty basic and you can use your ring finger to bar the fifth and the octave but it is easier and in my opinion sounds better to you your ring finger and pinky finger. Still better then anything i could come up with.
    mcrgirl
    didn't help me at all. sorry i know you tried and some other people may have benifited from it, just not me. sorry.
    suicidalmoose
    Even though your article as flawed i'm glad you pointed out that a triad can be held with a ring finger/pinkie finger bar. People say it's not the correct way but that's bullshit - it actually rings out more, it's more maneuvarable, and more accurate if you're throwing your guitar around a bit because when you shove your hand on the guitar the distance is always going to be a 2 fret distance.
    Slater
    It doesnt matter what real punk is all these bands use the same damn thing the majority of the time. Power chords is basically all there is and here it is.
    80smoviesguy
    saetia16 wrote: Macktruck wrote: Good lesson but i think you had octaves alittle confused. Greenday was the only punk band here, and they aint even punk anymore. emo SUCKS!!!! you...(along with many others that have posted) are a complete d'umbass! for one thing green day was NEVER punk, they are and always have been pop punk. another thing is emo does not suck. you do, because you have no clue what emo is emo was started in the 70's when minor threat played their last show. it is a form of hardcore you stupid f'ucker. maybe next time you should do some research so you dont look like a complete fag. emo is not FOB, green day, etc. real emo is hotcross, circle takes the square, saetia, rites of spring, moss icon, i would set myself on fire for you, you and i, comadre, etc. so shut the f'uck up you retard.
    although i partially agree with you, you should do your research as well. Minor Threat was never emo, and they weren't even around in the 70's. They played their last concert in 1983. I think the band you're referring to (and the band that suposedly started emo) is Fugazi. There is a lot of confusion over what is emo and what is not. The emo of today, which actually completely sucks, is 3rd wave emo. 1st wave emo bands, like Fugazi, don't suck, but the emo we have today has been so completely warped from its origins, so its strange to actually call it emo, because its sounds nothing like what it once did. anyways, the lesson was alright, except for all the mistakes about punk that everyone else already mentioned.
    modestmouse9191
    disuse_PUNK wrote: I love how ppl try n diss these bands....just remember they're the ones making a living out of it....u wanna put them down? Make a bigger living out it
    It's funny how you base how good a band is on how much money they make.
    kn4ck3r
    Firstly, misplacing some bands and using "wrong" chord fingering doesn't really matter in my opinion. Music is music, and as a matter of fact, there's no such thing as a "wrong" way of fingering chords. Whatever works for you, in your playing situation, is the correct way of fingering. Now to the parts that I have some problems with: 1: If I where a newbie, I would assume that power chords are played on the bottom four strings. Why don't you mention how to play power chords on the top strings? 2: You sort of put what you call octaves, in the same context as power chords. A newbie might interpret this as "octaves" are some kind of chords to... 3: Natural Harmonics: Someone asked what those x’s in the tabs meant... The correct musical term is dead note. And when referring to such notes we call them deadened notes. Some also call these muted notes. I prefer the former, since the definition of deadened (less intense) describes better what we are trying to accomplish. (When I think of mute, I think no sound...) So the points of these deadened notes are to produce a percussive sound. You can basically play these in several ways; using your right hand to deaden the notes, using your left hand, etc. Try the different ways for yourself. You should notice that there's a slight difference in sound with the different ways of producing these notes (right hand, left hand, high frets, low frets, etc.). Btw. Another way of producing a percussive sound is to hit the soundboard of the guitar with your right hand. This obviously doesn't work on an electric guitar... IcarusInTheSun took care of the theory part of harmonics, so there's no point for me to get into that. Perhaps an explanation of how to play them would be appropriate though. If you pick up your guitar and put your left index finger on the sixth string, next to the nut (far left). Don't press the string down on the fret-wire; just apply a little bit of pressure. Now repeatedly pluck the string, and while doing this, move (slide) your left hand index up the fret board (towards the bridge). You should hear a deadened sound while doing this, but have you noticed that there's a difference in sound over some of the fret-wires? So, this is how you play natural harmonics: Put your finger on the 6th string above the 12th fret-wire. (Above the fret-wire (those metal bars), and not above the fret.) Don't apply any pressure; just lay your finger on the string. Now pluck the string with your right hand, and immediately after you have plucked the string, move your left hand finger off the string. The trick here is to move your left hand finger off the string at the correct moment. If you keep the finger on the string too long, you will deaden the note. If you remove your finger too soon, the open 6th string (E) will sound. It takes a little bit of practice to be able to do this correct. The easiest places to produce natural harmonics are above the 12th, 7th, and 5th fret-wires (that's not the only ones that exist though...), and they can be played on any of the strings. 4: The slide paragraph could be a bit clearer. There are several types of slides, but the most common ones are probably the slide, and shift slide. A slide is a slide from/to a particular fret from/to nowhere. This sounds a bit strange, I know. Let's say you play 12th fret 6th string, and then slide downwards (towards the nut) not stopping at any particular fret. This is called a slide. There basically are four types of these "basic" slides: Slide in (to fret) from below, Slide in from above, Slide out (of fret) downwards, and Slide out upwards. You see that we use words like from below, from above, downwards, and upwards. This means that we don't specify where we are sliding from (Slide in from below/Slide in from above) or sliding to (Slide out downwards/Slide out upwards) Basically it's up to you, but these slides usually covers quite a few frets to get the desired effect. I believe what you are describing is a shift slide. A shift slide is a slide where you play a note on one fret and then shift position (by sliding) to a fret above or below, and then you pluck this note. I understand that many people use slide when they mean shift slide, and there's the same confusion when writing this out in tab. I use capital letter S when I mean shift slide, and / \ when I mean slide into/out, etc. You probably should have mentioned this or at least written "Shift Slides" and not slides in the paragraph header. Summary: This is probably meant to be a lesson for beginners and therefore I think it's very important that you are clear and that you know for a fact that what you are writing about is correct. I know that you have spent a lot of time on this lesson, and I really appreciate the effort you have put into it... I really do. But I hope you understand the damage you can do to a newbie if you aren't clear about the stuff you are writing about. I hope this hasn't discouraged you from writing more lessons. Next time you might have someone else proofread your work before you publish it. Just a sug
    deathtoaji
    fall out boy isnt punk! actually find out what they look like. At least green day is kind off. go the clash
    deathtoaji
    cyclobs wrote: lol.. most of u guys r dumb n dont even know what punk is. yeh nirvana may not be punk, but they r punk influenced.. green day, blik, sum 41.. wake up to ur ****ing selfs if u knew wat punk reli was then u wouldn't be saying they ant punk.. read closely (PUNK ANT ABOUT POLITICS) it's about standing up against like authority or something like that. it's about standing up to someone and saying "hey **** you man" everyone has forgotten what punk is. if you want to know what real punk is then i suggest watching this doco it's called "attitude: punk" it's purely about punk music. where it came from the history of it.. and for those ppl who said punk is dead... well true.. it died like 100 days after it started.. lol.. but like black flag guitarist said.. todays punk is in bands like green day, blink 182, and sum 41 (well maybe not much sum since they kinda go into the metal scene a lil) well thats all i have to say
    stay in the hole from were you come from
    wildchild6660
    Nirvana is definitely punk influenced. Thats obvious to anyone who listens to them. Green day Rules!!!! Too bad they don't play oldskool pop punk anymore
    XxPunkMafiaxX
    The only 2 punk bands i saw were Alkaline Trio and Green Day. and the solo from blvd. of broken dreams is wrong. it uses octaves. And wannabebassist...wannabe alright. Green Day rule(d) A.I sucked but since when do they sound like anyone else. jo3myster: so do you =D
    wannabebassist2
    ps to quote joe strummer "punk rock is about freedom" not sounding like everyone else to get paid