A Little Insight Into Music Theory - Know Your Notes Guitar

I don't know a whole lot about music theory. But I've memorized many of the notes on the guitar, and I believe that to be the first step into learning more. If you cannnot read tabs, you need to learn that before reading this.

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First off, if you know this stuff already, go away. And if you know more than I do, go futher away. I don't need a butt load of mean-spirited comments. This is for someone who has just started the guitar, and would like to seriously get into writing riffs and licks, but is a little confused as to where to start with his/her other guitarist friend. Ok, notes. Fistly you should know the musical alphabet. It consists of the letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. The you need to learn the notes along the top string. This is your 6th string, you E string. The string sounds the E note without any fingers on any frets, this called open. The notes proceed to move higher as you place a finger in the first fret, the second, the third, and so on. From open to the 12th fret, the notes of the E string are: E-F-F#-G-Ab-A-Bb-B-C-C#-D-Eb-E On a side note, flats (b) and sharps (#) are sort of in between notes, that are the note it says, but a little lower or higher. Now, notice how at the 12th fret, your back at the note E. This is an E of the next octave. Think of it as the same note, on a higher level. This is true as long as your in standard tuning. In ohter tunings, the notes will follow the same order, just start at a different place. Now for the A string. This is your 5th string, making it second from the top. (of course unless your playing a right-handed guitar left-handed without flipping the strings, but don't worry about that). The A string will follow the same note pattern as the E string, but starting from A. The notes along the A string, from open to 12th fret are: A-Bb-B-C-C#-D-Eb-E-F-F#-G-Ab-A It is crucial to learn these notes in order to create riffs and things without saying, "wait what was that chord called?" or "I don't know the notes, can you just tell me what fret?" the other strings also follow this pattern. The strings are numbered from bottom to top, 1st through 6th. The notes of the strings (bottom to top) are E, B, G, D, A, E. You can remember this by the saying Easter Bunny Got Drunk At Easter. Now major scales. Practicing scales are no fun. But, they are uber useful. Especailly if you want to start writing solos. Firstly, vocabulary lesson. Major - this is what I think of as the "pure" note. If you say B, you usually imply a B major. Major notes are your happier sounding notes, with lots of tone. Minor - in this lesson we won't use minor, but its good to know for other things. Minor (m) chords (yes these are chords) are your sad sounding notes, that sound really awesome when carefully placed with major chords (ex: Bm, G, A) This is the A major scale, in tablature (tabs)
e:----------------
B:----------------
G:----------------
D:-----------4-6-7
A:-----4-5-7------
E:-5-7------------
The first note of the scale is A, and proceeds to B, C, D, E, F, G, A. This works for other notes as well. Heres one starting from G
e:----------------
B:----------------
G:----------------
D:-----------2-4-5
A:-----2-3-5------
E:-3-5------------
The notes on this scale are G, A, B, C, D, E, F, G Now, the easiest way into the rock n roll community is POWER CHORDS. I'll tell ya, power chords, are fun and easy. If you know your notes! A power chord is defined as two things really, but they get the same result, easy rock. A fifth chord (A5, B5, etc.) is the first and fifth (I-IV) notes of a major scale. (hence the name). This is a power chord. Also power chord are played as the first fifth and eighth notes of the scale (I-IV-VIII) confused? I'll tab it. Chord with first and fifth
e:----------------
B:----------------
G:----------------
D:----------------
A:---7------------
E:---5------------
Chord with first fifth and eighth
e:----------------
B:----------------
G:----------------
D:---7------------
A:---7------------
E:---5------------
So thats really what you need to know to get started with riffs, solos, and ROCK. There is surely more in depth things on this stuff but I tried to keep it eay to understand. I'm off to band practice, I hope this was helpful. God bless.

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    blackace212
    cool, i'm self taugh and been playing for 8 months and my school teacher told me to look this up, thank you for the info. Music Teacher gave you an A+ for it...thanks again
    l.u.c.
    [b] AlanHB m : If you play those scales within the keys of A major and G major, they are A major and G major scales respectively. They would not be modes of C major, unless they were played over the C key backing associated with those modes.
    Actually... you are wrong.
    AlanHB
    Sorry - edit: AND accounted for accidentals within the modes themselves if they don't fit into one of the modal forms exactly. It would be much more likely that they are just as they appear - G and A major scales. The writer is correct in teaching this.
    AlanHB
    Slash_is_a_God wrote: +1 Both scales you showed were modes of C Major
    If you play those scales within the keys of A major and G major, they are A major and G major scales respectively. They would not be modes of C major, unless they were played over the C key backing associated with those modes.