# Baby Steps To Learning Lead Guitar. Lesson 1: Basic Music Theory

The basics of music theory made even easier!

4
```A minor Scale
e|---------------------------------------------5--8-----------------------------|
B|-------------------------------------5--8-------------------------------------|
G|-----------------------------5--7---------------------------------------------|
D|----------------------5--7----------------------------------------------------|
A|--------------5--7------------------------------------------------------------|
E|----5--8----------------------------------------------------------------------|

C Major Scale
e|---------------------------------------------35-----------------------------|
B|-------------------------------------3--5-------------------------------------|
G|-----------------------------2--5---------------------------------------------|
D|----------------------2--5----------------------------------------------------|
A|--------------3--5------------------------------------------------------------|
E|----3--5----------------------------------------------------------------------|

Also notice

B minor Scale
e|---------------------------------------------7--10-----------------------------|
B|-------------------------------------7--10-------------------------------------|
G|-----------------------------7--9---------------------------------------------|
D|----------------------7--9----------------------------------------------------|
A|--------------7--9------------------------------------------------------------|
E|----7--10----------------------------------------------------------------------|```
which is the same as the a minor scale pattern just moved up to frets. You will assign each finger a fret in order to play this scale (1-index, 2-middle, 3-ring, 4-pinky). So the minor pattern would be simplified to 1-4 1-4 1-3 1-3 1-3 1-4 and the Major scale is played 2-4 2-4 1-4 1-4 2-4 2-4 Start out with those memorize them going up and going back down. Once you accomplish this your ready to move on!

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### 18 comments sorted by best / new / date

Great start to helping people understand theory! I don't like it when people are overly critical of things posted on the internet to be helpful to others so I don't want to sound that way but I have one question for you. Why would you show that pattern as being a major pentatonic pattern? Would it not make more sence to show the pattern that starts on the root, because technically those could both be called major pentatonic patterns depending on the key correct? I would think the following should be the pattern associated with Major Pentatonic 24 24 13 14 14 24 If you had some other reason for doing it that way then I apologize and am all ears Cheers LH.
I liked the article overall and think it could be very helpful to noobs, depending on their style of learning. It's a bit theory heavy, but I think does a nice job of splitting the difference between "learning the intstrument" and "learning theory." The chord progression could've been left out for a seperate lesson and probably clarifed the sequence for a minor key (since that was mentioned). The only real improvement I see is the example of the C Major Pentatonic could cause confusion (as asked earlier). If trying to point out the scales contain the exact same notes, I think I'd use the C Major Pent. starting on the 8th fret; exact same pattern as the Am Pent. and starts on "C." This would also be a good lead for the CAGED sequence to reference back to. Good Work!
What is the meaning of 5...8 5..7 plz explain as i donot know how to follow and play
A minor scale plz explain the meaning of 5...8. 5...7.i do not know how to follow rhw instruction.plz explain.my email is agnelosmith@gmail.com
Am a novice on guiter and I nid help on my lead
No matter what you do, somebody else would have done it different.
Well pooh! He only posted the one article! I was curious to see where he was going with this!
Great. Is there another column to go with it?
Not sure how to edit my previous comment but I thought it important to add this as well. If people are just starting out with theory concepts I think it is also important for them to know what a Pentatonic scale is... It is not the"major scale"in it's entirety it is a part of the whole... Penta meaning 5, it is a five note scale that can be formed by removing the 4th and 7th note of any scale. C major scale CDEFGAB C major pentatonic CDEGA So each of these pentatonic patterns are actually more than 2 octaves of the scale. LH.
the problem with this 'you need to say this' comment is - it destroys the original intention of being simple. it is easier to get started with the simple way as above and then go back and fill in the gaps for simplicity of learning.
karlos311 wrote: Quick question for a noob: i notice on the C major scale tab the first note isnt a C note? does the scale not have to start with the 'root' note? if not, what makes that C major scale different to a G major scale? ..confused.
You can play the C major scale starting on any note of of the scale as long as you still play the scale notes. You can start the C major scale on the 3rd fret E string and play the notes G,A,B,C,D,E,F Or you can start the scale on the 3rd fret E string and play notes G,A,B,C,D,E,F# And you would be playing the G major scale.
Quick question for a noob: i notice on the C major scale tab the first note isnt a C note? does the scale not have to start with the 'root' note? if not, what makes that C major scale different to a G major scale? ..confused.