Major And Minor Scale Revisited

The Major Scale is the mother of all scales because all scales relate to the Major Scale. About the Major and Minor Scale. Explained.

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The Major Scale is a seven note scale. The eight note is an octave of the first note (root). Octave means the same note played eight scale degrees higher or lower, depends on the playing. The Major Scale is the mother of all scales because all scales relate to the Major Scale. If you want to create a Major scale, just follow this formula (most players use this style because its much easier because, what else? The Formula) here goes: [whole note - whole note - half note - whole note - whole note - whole note - half note]. We'll use the C major scale as an example because its much easier because of the absence of sharps and flats.

Ex 1:

  1st Degree       1st Octave Higher    2nd Octave Higher
|- - - - - - - - - | - - - - - - - - - |- - - - - - - - - - |
C- D- E-F- G- A-B- C- D-E- F- G- A- B- C- D- E- F- G- A- B- C  = notes
1  2  3 4  5  6 7  1  2 3  4  5  6  7  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  1  = degree notes

Try to practicing other keys using the formula, now let's go to the Minor Scale. Or commonly refered to as the Relative or Natural Minor Scale (dont be confuses about what Relative and Harmonic minor is. learn one at a time, dont overdo your learning or you wont gain a thing. ) You're probably wondering what the hell "Relative or Natural Minor" means. Well, every Major Scale has Relative Minor scale within it. The Relative Minor contains the same notes of the Major scale but it only starts in the 6th degree note of the Major scale. Okay, the formula from the Minor Scale: [whole note - half note - whole note - whole note - half note - whole note - whole note]. So what is the Relative Minor of C Major Scale? start counting the degree note copy from above from 1 through 6, so 1=C 2=D 3=E 4=F 5=G 6=A, eureka! Fuck! (excuse moi, pardon moi french, I cant help it) I got it! now the Relative Minor for C Major Scale is Am Minor Scale.. now lets go to the examples:

Ex 1:

     1st Degree    1st octave
| - - - - - - | - - - - - - |
A-B-C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C-D-E-F-G-A = notes
6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 = degree notes

Now that you have the basic introduction on Scales, nail the formula first then well move through, Modes and other scales, such as: Blues scales, Harmonic Minor Scales, and other exotic scales. Thank you. I highly suggests to practice this with all your heart and dedication. Till next, happy pickin'.

60 comments sorted by best / new / date

    I don't see any weird in a nu-metal fan and a punk fan not liking scales :] Great art tho
    it should be made clear you have posted the natural minor scale, there are 3 common minor scales, which are different.
    i want to learn it but its confusing me i get the tone things but how do you know the root note for each one cuz im still a begginner and its confusing me i want to get better but i cant if i dont understand it can some1 hlp me and what are the degrees?
    you forgot in the a-minor scale a 9th fret on the d string or a 4th fret on the g string
    hi,,im from argentina and i looking for spedd exercises ,,,where i can find it ...thnaks
    yeah i figured it out too the same way as you did!... but i had doubts so i checked it here, yeah its right!. Am is the phrygian scale of C, right?
    Shit i thought D#minor was the relitive of Cmajor oh shit iv'e got a long way to go before i can play like synyster gates!
    no offence dude, but synyster sucks. why is everone into metal? all they play is scales. i do love scales jus not ascending and descending all th damn time. ~Xx peace xX~
    How do i figure out the name of the "notes"? Like when I play 4th fret on the D string, how do I know what its called?
    i dont get the formula. isnt a whole a note that lasts 4 beats? so what does that mean can someone please explain. thanks
    kaos572 wrote: i dont get the formula. isnt a whole a note that lasts 4 beats? so what does that mean can someone please explain. thanks
    Hi, i'm new at guitar so please excuse if it's hard to explain. In music, you have, A,B,C,D,E,F,G, on frets it wuld go A-A*-B-C
    so the C minor scale is an A minor scale? I don't get that part. Why isn't it just called C minor?
    can som1 explain to me?what i know about scales is there is the 1st pattern 2nd until 5th pattern am i correct?
    I know it's, like, 3 years too late, but in the spirit of passing on knowledge and helping others, Kaos572 - A whole note and a whole tone are two different things. A whole note, on a staff, is one that lasts for 4 beats. A whole tone, however, shows the distance between notes. A whole tone's better explained as two half tones - A half tone is the space between one fret and the next one - So two half tones, is the space between two frets, with one fret between them. The note names of the frets come from the general pattern: A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G# You can remember it easily by remembering that every note has a sharp except B and E. So, in standard tuning, the low E string played open is an E note, if you press down on the first fret, it's an F (The next note along) and then the next fret is F#, and the next is G, and so on. And on the A string, the first fret is A#, the next is B, the next is C and so on. The pattern's the same on all of the strings, all you need to know is the tuning on the guitar (Standard tuning is, from the lowest note to the highest, E A D G B E) Hope that cleared things up for anyone stumbling upon this like I did Also, extra things, in England and a few other countries, whole notes, half notes, quarter notes, eighth notes are called semibreves, minims, crotchets, quavers etc. - So don't feel as though you need to learn about whole notes and half notes and such AS WELL as the others, since they're the same thing And A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G# Can also be written as A, Bb, B, C, Db, D, Eb, E, F, Gb, G, Ab Where # = Sharp and b = Flat. They can be mixed, too, but I prefer calling them all sharps, it makes things so much easier for me
    pls help me im a newbie hir, how can i use the scale on lead? while the other playing rhythm? thanks pls elabor8.
    You're missing the b note in the minor scale should be: e 5 7 8 b 5 6 8 g 4 5 7 d 5 7 a 5 7 8 e 5 7 8
    I understand that you have to go tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, tone, semitone.. I know what tones and semitones are but... how do you know when you have to go onto the next string?? If you start at the top???
    yeh if u hate them why the f uck dont you just give up now or become a pure rhythm player
    Dude scales "Rock" if you can say... Since they after all give you fast and agile fingers, so you can solo... they are the thing that make u "strong", not playing solos...
    Oh, and solo's also contain the notes from the chords that are played in the rhythm too. Sorry for the double post, but thats pretty important. Madani, identify the chords that your friend is playing, and use the notes in the chords aswell. Hope I helped. =/
    I was looking for info on when major & relative minor scales could be used for soloing, any examples of this? malc
    Andy T
    ^this guy is cool. Good lesson?Im just too experienced.A 5/ that possible?