Jazz Blues Soloing with Jens Larsen

In this lesson I will try to go through how you make lines on a Bb jazz blues using the arpeggios of the chord. First I'll go through the arpeggios and give some suggestions on how to practice them, and then discuss how you make lines with them.

Jazz Blues Soloing with Jens Larsen
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In this lesson I will try to go through how you make lines on a Bb jazz blues using the arpeggios of the chord.

First I'll go through the arpeggios and give some suggestions on how to practice them, and then discuss how you make lines with them.




I got a request for this lesson after having done this lesson on developing your comping ideas: Jazz Blues Comping. The idea is to give a set of materials that is easy to learn and still give you the ability to play the blues so that you can really hear the changes, which is a necessary skill if you want to be able to play jazz as a style.

Let's first have a look at the chord progression:



I guess I better point out that I've simplified the chords a bit, so that there are one bar II V's, mainly because you don't always have to play both chords when you are soloing and it makes it a bit easier in terms of how much time you have to spell out each chord.

The arpeggios

I've chosen to show the arpeggios from the 5th to the first string because that makes them 1 bar long and therefore easier to play over the chord progression. If you wish to expand them to the full position then that should not be too difficult. I chose this position because it is close to a place where you can play the chords and associating the chords and the arpeggios with each other is a very good idea.



As I mention in the video it is very useful to practice the arpeggios not only up and down but also in sequences of 3 or skipping one note or what ever you can think of. The more you can do the more freedom you'll have when you start improvising.

Learning the arpeggios on the progression

When you study a progression that you are not yet familiar with it can be a great exercise to play the arpeggios of the chords in a few ways. The first exercise is to just play all the arpeggios ascending on the progression like this:



Another exercise that is very useful in terms of getting an overview of the arpeggios and practicing to connect them already is to play one arpeggio and when the chord changes then start the next arpeggio on the closest note. I've also made a lesson on doing this with scales: Practicing Scales through changes.

As I do in this example.



This exercise is quite demanding, but at the same time will really get you good at connecting lines across different chords, which is very useful for staying melodic.

Target notes

As I demonstrate in the video the thinking behind making harmony clear in a solo line is to target certain notes of the strong beats (in this case the 1). The idea is that a strong and logical sounding line will be a line that has the direction towards a clear target note.

In the video I demonstrate how I use this principle while practicing rubato and on the whole blues. The target notes I chose for the chords are in most cases 3rds and 7ths since they are determining the sound of the chord. I am sure you have heard about this before.

Here is an overview of the target notes:



The only place where I deviate from the 3rds and 7ths targets is the E diminished chord which is identical with the Eb7 chord except for the root, so the root is a useful target note in that case (which is not often the case).

I hope you can use the arpeggios and these ideas to get a firmer grip on jazz blues improvising. The material is fundamental, but so worthwhile that is is something that I find myself returning to again and again without exhausting the possibilities. The approach is also really good for other progressions.

As always you can download the examples as a pdf here: Jazz Blues Soloing.

About the Author:

By Jens Larsen. I hope that you liked the lesson. There are more lessons on my website. If you have any questions or comments then feel free to leave them here or on the video. Please subscribe to my YouTube channel and feel free to connect with me via Facebook, Google+ or Twitter to keep up to date with new lessons, concerts and releases.

16 comments sorted by best / new / date

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    Zoso67
    Even if you're just a rock or metal fan, learning the basics of blues and jazz can not only evolve your own sound, it can totally change your perspective of the guitar as a whole and thus make you a better musician. I admit, these kinds of lessons makes me want to finally pop in Ken Burns' Jazz documentary.
    Chris Zoupa
    Every lesson you do is win! I'm definitely going to study a bunch of these before I start writing my next EP. Thanks again Jens
    xstatic44
    It's more blues jazz really.
    jenslarsen
    A jazz blues is the term used for a 12 bar progression with a II V in bars 9 and 10 instead of the normal V IV progression in the 12 bar blues.
    thegrim_sweeper
    I could be wrong, but it appears as though the G7 tablature example is typoed. Shouldn't it read 10-9-10-11? I make mistakes like this all the time by the way, if it is a mistake.
    jenslarsen
    Yes indeed it should, though this one actually works as well, it just does not have the root in the bass
    Niamorg
    I've been waiting for quite some time to start working on my jazz chops, this might be a good way to start! Thank you for this, Jens.
    stelios- 13 -
    Isn't the shape of Bb7 and Eb7 actually Bb13 and Eb9 ?
    jenslarsen
    Yes, in this case those are the voicings I use. The reason I write it like that is that it is up to the one playing the chords to decide what he wants to play, so in this case Bb7 might mean Bb7, Bb7(13), Bb7(9,13), Bb9 and how it is voiced is decided by context and taste of the one playing it.