The Second Lesson: Improvising

Taking a closer look at Improvising.

5
Hey guys, after the first lesson series, we will get deeper into specific areas that had been addressed only. This Lesson will deal with Improvising and how to improve it: It's recommended to read my two lessons about it, if you don't know what pentatonic is:
```0. Our fretboard
e||---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
B||---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
G||---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o
fret1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19```
1. Reduce the scale to a pentatonic scale In this lesson, we will take a look at the a minor scale and its possibilities of improvisation. But from the earlier lessons that you can just move the patterns. And yes, there are far more places of notes from this pentatonic, but it will just look chaotic, I want to expand that pattern over this lesson. MAJ shows the places of the root note C (major scale) and MIN the places of the minor root note A.
```e||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|---|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
B||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
G||---|---|---|---|MAJ|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|---|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o```
2. Add the Blues Tones We just add some few notes that sound a little disharmonic but beautiful anyways :) B marks the places of the blues note D sharp.
```e||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|---|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
B||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
G||---|---|---|---|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|---|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o```
3. Complete the Pentatonic to the scale back again The a minor pentatonic is an a minor scale without F and B, as you know. Even if these notes need some practice to include in solos, their still main part of the scale and should be played from time to time. S marks the Fs and Bs that were left out in the pentatonic scale
```e||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
B||---|---|---|---|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
G||---|---|---|---|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o```
4. Expand your pattern to higher frets
```e||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
B||---|---|---|---|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
G||---|---|---|---|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o

example:
e|---5-8-5-8-7~--12-10---------|
B|---------------------12-10~--|
G|-----------------------------|
D|-----------------------------|
A|-----------------------------|
E|-----------------------------|```
5. Get the second pentatonic scale a few frets higher Now, we just add another "block" of the scale on top of the old one
```e||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
B||---|---|---|---|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|
G||---|---|---|---|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|---|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o```
6. Add the missing scale notes (S) and blues notes (B) again
```e||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
B||---|---|---|---|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|---|---|---|---|---|
G||---|---|---|---|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o```
7. Adding notes on the last two string for tapping
```e||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-s-|
B||---|---|---|---|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-x-|-B-|-x-|-s-|---|
G||---|---|---|---|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|---|---|-X-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D||---|---|---|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|---|---|---|---|---|---|
A||---|---|---|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|-X-|---|MIN|---|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|
E||---|---|---|---|MIN|---|-S-|MAJ|---|-X-|-B-|-X-|-S-|---|---|---|---|---|---|
mark        o       o       o       o           oo          o       o       o```
8. Have balls and go off-scale! The last important fact is, that scales get boring anyways. Fun guys just play the guitar and "feel" when the need to get some disharmonics. Just have a try, it takes some time (I know), but it's worth it! ... I guess that should be enough, if you still need more "space" and "freedom", just add as many blocks of pentatonic, blues or regular scales to this pattern. Here a few things for soloing in general: a) Never rush a solo Just because you are about to play a "improvised solo", the audience still doesn't expect you to be the worlds best and fastest guitarist. Just do your job, but do it well: Play a solo and play it RIGHT, not fast and inaccurate! b) Repeat notes and rest on notes Playing the pentatonic scale up and down with eighths is boring like hell. I once saw that at a local bar and felt really really sad for it. Add some rhythm! Stay on notes, repeat notes! c) Hammer-Ons and Pull-Offs Include legato, especially on the notes D, Dsharp and E. Take a look at the solo of Muse - Uprising (written in a minor for now):
```e|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
B|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
G|------------------------------------------9-9\8-8\7-7\5-5\4-4\2-2\1-----|
D|-----------------5h6h7-------------5h6h7----------------------------2-2-|
A|-----------5h6h7-------------5h6h7--------------------------------------|
E|---5---8---------------5---8--------------------------------------------|

e|-----------------------5-5---|
B|----6-5h6-5--5-5-3/5-5-------|
G|-----------------------------|
D|-----------------------------|
A|-----------------------------|
E|-----------------------------|```