Basic Guitar Knowledge

author: ssmith101 date: 10/15/2003 category: the basics

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Anyone who plays the guitar should have a basic knowlege of the following ideas: The Music Language - The Neck - Simple Theory - Scales and Chords - How to use a TAB I will divide this lesson into 3 seperate parts. Today we will begin the music language and how it is applied to the neck of the guitar. The Music Language The basis of all music lies upon 7 letters of the alphabet. They are ABCDEFG. Each letter is called a note and has a corresponding sound. After G, the pattern repeats itself at a higher or lower pitch. ABCDEFG ABCDEFG ABCDEFG ABCDEFG infinity Low High Every note has a certain pitch and some have half of that pitch. These half pitches are called sharps and flats. Here is every note you will need to know to understand the guitar. A Bb B C Db D Eb E F F# G Ab A Memorize these until you can repeat them in your sleep. Learning to name these notes by heart will become of great use later on. The Neck You're probably wondering how these notes correspond with the guitar. Every open string on the guitar starts with a note. The low thick string is E (in standard tuning), the fifth string is A, and so on. Below is a model of the neck and you will see how easy this really is.
       Low                           High
frets   E     A      D     G     B     E
1       F     Bb     Eb    Ab
2       F#    B      E     A
3       G     C      F     Bb
4       Ab    Db     F#    B
5       A     D      G     C 
6       Bb    Eb     Ab    Db
7       B     E      A     D
8       C     F      Bb    Eb
9       Db    F#     B     E
10      D     G      C     F
11      Eb    Ab     Db    F#
12      E     A      D     G
See if you can fill in the rest. After you understand the musical pattern, you will be ready to become a better guitar player. In the next lesson, we will take your newly acquired knowledge and do some really neat tricks with it.
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