Music Dictionary

author: EthanBrand date: 01/20/2004 category: the basics

Sign up to get weekly digest with top stories from UG. Ads free, only news.

Thanks for subscribing! Check your email soon for some great stories from UG

rating: 7.9
votes: 28
views: 391
vote for this lesson:
The more you know, the better. When I began I had troubles understanding simple things, well they are simple in hindsight. I will try to define and explain words that you will see a lot of if you want to further your playing. Now try and stay awake while reading this. Accidentals - Flats, double flats, naturals, sharps, and double sharps. Aeolean - A seven-note scale. (e.g. W H W W H W W, also known as the Natural Minor Scale) Arpeggio - The sounding of the tones of a chord in rapid succession rather than simultaneously. (A broke chord) Augmented - Refering to either an interval that is one-half step, or a semitone, larger than a perfect or a major interval. (Like a Caug Chord, remember augment means to make larger) Barre - The use of your index finger to hold down more than one string at one fret in a single chord. (e.g. The F# Barre Chord) Circle Of Fifths - A musical tool showing the relativity between keys. Chord - A chord is a set of three or more pitches that sound at the same time. (No need to explain) Chromatic - Refering to notes that are altered by the use of an accidental. (Notes that are one-half step apart) Diatonic - Of or using only the seven tones of a standard scale without chromatic alterations. (Music that remains within the confines of a single key) Diminished - Refering to either an interval that is one-half step less than a perfect or a minor interval. (D diminished chord contains D, F, and Ab.) Dominant - The fifth scale degree. (Built on the fifth scale degree (V)) Enharmonic - The relationship between two pitch classes that represent the same note. (i.e. G# and Ab) Harmonics - Any of a series of musical tones whose frequencies are integral multiples of the frequency of a fundamental tone. (Barely press on a string and sound the string it will give it a "thud" sound and thats a common harmonic) Interval - The distance between two pitches. (i.e. B is a half step away from C) Inversion - The term used to specify which chord tone is the lowest. (Of chords) Ionian - A seven-note scale. (e.g. W W H W W W H, also known as the Major Scale) Legato - Smooth and connected, in a flowing manner. (As in a 'Legato slide') Key - Refers to the tonic center of musical passage that adhears to a single mode. (The Key of C, Major - Chord, consisting of a major third and a perfect fifth. (D major chord contains D, F#, and A.) Minor - Chord, a minor third, and then a major thirds, which still adds up to a perfect fifth. Mode - A seven-note scale spanning an entire octave. (There are seven common modes) Modulate - To change keys. Octave - The relationship between two pitches where one has a frequency of 2 times the other. (When sounded together they sound the same) Pentatonic - Of or using only five tones, usually the first, second, third, fifth, and sixth tones of a diatonic scale. (e.g. The Am Pentatonic Scale) Rhythm - A general term used to refer to the position of musical events in time. (Self-explantory) Resolve - A musical progression which brings an ending to part of a piece. Root - The note a chord is built on. (G is the root for the G Chord) Scale - An ordered set of pitches that cover a range of one octave. (e.g. The Major Scale) Seventh - Chord, a series of stacked thirds forming a four-note chord. Suspended - Chord, containing either the root, second, and fifth (sus2), or the root, fourth, and fifth (sus4). Tonal - Hierarchy of pitches which functionally support or reference one pitch as the focal point or primary center, called the tonic. Tonic - The primary pitch which functions as the focal point or primary center of a key in tonal music. (Also known as an octave) Triad - A chord consisting of three pitch classes that form two stacked thirds. (Is the basis of tonal harmony) Vibrato - A tremulous or pulsating effect produced by rapid variations in pitch. (Hammering-on the string when the note has been sounded) Whole Step - An interval equal to two half-steps.
Comments
BIU:)
Only "https" links are allowed for pictures,
otherwise they won't appear