When you watch your favorite guitarist play, it always looks like their fingers are barely moving, right? That's because they ARE barely moving. Efficiency of movement is the important idea here.
When you eliminate extra movement, you're able to cover more space faster. And even in a moderate tempo piece of music, shaving nanoseconds off your movements can make a huge difference in how fluently you play. Don't freak out. This is about scientific measurements and testing to eliminate those nanoseconds. Good guitar playing is about thinking less, not more. If you just follow my steps you'll have more economical hand movements in all your playing.
1. Keep Your Fingers as Close to the Strings as You CanThe time it takes to move your fingers and extra half inch may seem negligible, but those are the types of small changes we're making here. Your fingers should never be more than a half inch or so from the strings.
Play a simple song or exercise and watch how far your fingers are coming off the fretboard. Practice reeling them back in when they get too far. And of course, they should be over the fretboard and not out to the side or underneath the neck.
2. Build Your Chords From the Bottom String UpWhen you build chords your fingers don't all hit the string at the same time. Unfortunately, many beginning guitarists get into a bad habit of starting their fingering on the higher strings. For example, on a C major chord: First finger, then second, then third. The problem is that your pick hits the bottom strings first.
If you start with the lower string fingers first your pick can hit those while your other fingers get into place on the top strings. You'll avoid lumpy "slop chords" plus it actually gives your upper string fingers more time to get in place than they would have otherwise.
3. Lead With the Finger That Has the Farthest to MoveWhen moving from chord to chord, pay attention to which finger has the longest distance to cover and move that one first. If you stay relaxed and don't fight the natural muscle structure of your, some of the other fingers will follow naturally.
Example: D7 to C major. Your third finger has to move the farthest, from the 1st to 5th string. If you stay relaxed and move that finger first, your second finger will follow along behind it to its place on the fourth string.
4. THE TIPPY TOP TIP - This Is the One That Makes All These Other Tips WorkKeep your right hand moving. Your right hand should move like a pendulum - down up down up. If your right hand stops while you change chords, that send a subconscious message to your left hand that it's allowed to move slower.
Instead you want to beat your brain at its own game by setting up a dissonance, or problem, for your brain to solve. Your brain wants your hands to move at the same time. If one hand stops, so does the other. But if you force your right hand to keep moving, your left hand will automatically speed up.
Suggestions for Implementing #4:
- Use a metronome. Keeping your tempo steady is always important and a metronome will keep you from slipping here. Start with a slow tempo and gradually work faster.
- Hit the downbeat with your right hand even if your left isn't totally in place yet. You'll mangle the first beat a few times, but it will quickly get better. Plus you'll be learning how to fix mistakes on the fly.
- Count carefully. If the chord is getting four beats, that's all there is. Don't play extra beats once you've cleaned it up. You can't do it in a song, so you can't do it here.
I've personally taught hundreds of beginning guitar players to smooth out their chords with these four easy steps and they'll work for you too.
To learn more about beginner guitar chords visit Guitar Notes For Beginners HQ.