In this article, we'll examine the basic building block of music, the interval. What is an interval? Read on.

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every lesson of you is fantastic
They are the NAMES the distance between one tone to another. Each distance ( or Interval to be exact) has it's own name. I.e. the distance from A to itself is called a unison. The distance from A to C is a called a minor 3rd. This works with all tones; the distance from F to itself is also called a unison, the distance from F to G# is also called a minor 3rd. Because the distance between the tones is the same amount of half steps. I hope this helped.
This was helpful, but the jargon was still fairly heavy, Still - music theory is a language in it's own, so I don't expect this to be made easy.
uhm i just checked the intervall ear trainer, and i wonder how im supposed to use that if i never dealt with ear training before. I can not distinguish what note im hearing, so i can definitely not tell what intervalls im hearing. how am i supposed to start with these things?
WTF? of course E flat exists! So does D sharp because they are the same thing!
hmmm i think it could maybe be dumbed down more but def the best ive seen most articles dont dumb it down at all
I'm extremely confused. Is there anything I should know before reading this.
I cant see the interval map good, I cant qauite make out the numbers
Ok I have no idea how to read music so this whole thing is no help to me at all... or am i wrong? Someone please help!
Rockerdude, good news: Ya don't have to read to get the point. In some examples of theory it makes it easier, but this lesson should be fine without.
I can't even see the picture, this article didn't help, but maybe im just retarded
Holy shit, that interval trainer is hard.
Alright, cool but what happens if I start from the note G?
A to Bb is a minor 2nd? This seems a bit of a bad name to me since I would have thought the minor 2nd would be the second note of the minor scale, in this case, B. Why exactly is it called the minor 2nd. Wouldn't the diminished 2nd be a better name?
in standard tuning A, is the 5th fret on the top and bottom strings. from A(5th fret) to Bb(6th fret) is a minor 2nd. this might help.... top string E(0) F(1) F#/Gb(2) G(3) G#/Ab(4) A(5) A#/Bb(6) B/Cb(7) C(8) C#/Db(9) D(10) D#/Eb(11) E(12) some say there is no suck thing as a Eb (E flat). notice how open (0) is E and (12) is E.
From the note A: A to A Unison A to Bb minor 2nd A to B Major 2nd A to C minor 3rd A to C# Major 3rd A to D Perfect 4th A to Eb Diminished 5th (Also known as a Flatted 5th) A to E Perfect 5th A to F minor 6th A to F# Major 6th A to G minor 7th A to G# Major 7th A to A Octave ....What?I dunno,but it seems rather confusing to me. Are those notes on the fretboard or what?
*lightbulb goes on above head; satisfying clicking noise is heard for miles*
Yes, sorry folks, my finger must have slipped. It IS a G#, not a G, for the A major scale... Glad to see folks are paying attention - you pass the quiz.
First time I've really understood the concept of intervals. I'm gonna keep reading this. Thanks a whole bunch. =)
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Broken-pick : From the note A: A to A Unison A to Bb minor 2nd A to B Major 2nd A to C minor 3rd A to C# Major 3rd A to D Perfect 4th A to Eb Diminished 5th (Also known as a Flatted 5th) A to E Perfect 5th A to F minor 6th A to F# Major 6th A to G minor 7th A to G# Major 7th A to A Octave ....What?I dunno,but it seems rather confusing to me. Are those notes on the fretboard or what?
i dont get this either... can anyone help ?
cool article i kind of understand. I'm guessing the the power chord came from the perfect 5th
Is it called the A "major scale" because each interval is at either a Major tonic or a Perfect? Also, how come they are called Perfect and Diminished at the 4th and 5th
omg, this is the first time i looked at this, and it helped me incredibly. I love you.
Hello Josh, first of all, I absolutely love your writing style. Secondly, I must adress my frustration. I am very eager to learn music theory, so I took your advice and went over to Ricci Adams site to try out the ear interval trainer and I must say that I dont understand a thing. I press "play" and it plays me two notes, am I supposed to know the "difference", so to speak, between the notes or what? Thanks in advance Slow learned who wants to learn
Aww man the picture's all messed up and I can't find a picture like it anywhere
For those who cannot read the blurry chart: The note on the low E string is A (5th fret) the whole time. On the A string you play open first then work your way up chromatically to 12. So each note (in relation to the pedalled note ) has a name. Starting with the open string and going up to 12 you get: A(5 on e) to A Unison (open on A) A (still 5 on lowE) to Bb minor 2nd (1 on A string) A to B Major 2nd (2on Astring) A to C minor 3rd A to C# Major 3rd A to D Perfect 4th A to Eb Diminished 5th (Also known as a Flatted 5th) A to E Perfect 5th A to F minor 6th A to F# Major 6th A to G minor 7th A to G# Major 7th A to A Octave I think imma figure this out real quick now.
^if you start on A-string (open first). A, a#(bflat), B, C, c#(dflat), D, D#(eflat), E, F, f#(gflat), G, g#(aflat) then on the 12th fret A again! theres no flatted/sharp notes between b and c or e and f. I dunno why, but it is so. The same pattern on each string. (just start on each respective open string note) I really dont get this interval stuff but imma keep reading it until I get it. I wish I remember all the crap my music teacher taught me so many years ago.
What are the notes on the fret board? Can't learn this without first knowing that...
I got lost on the chart thingy, its too blurry anyone help me please?
i had to cheat using my guitar on the ear trainer. my percentage increased dramatically after i started using it. except i cant figure out what a tritone is. can anybody explain that one?
cadeaaron07 wrote: i had to cheat using my guitar on the ear trainer. my percentage increased dramatically after i started using it. except i cant figure out what a tritone is. can anybody explain that one?
tritone is the same as a flatted 5th/diminished 5th/augmented 5th it means three whole steps from root.
'The A Major scale: A, B, C sharp, D, E, F sharp, G' Wait, I thought the A major scale/key also has a G sharp? Wouldn't the above scale be A mixalydian(major) within the key of D? Sorry, I haven't quite fully come to grasp with theory, as you can tell.
My first attempt at ear training: '59 correct out of 286 attempts (21%)' And I'm actually pleased, lolz Oh well, hopefully I'll improve soon.
From the note A: A to A Unison A to Bb minor 2nd A to B Major 2nd A to C minor 3rd A to C# Major 3rd A to D Perfect 4th A to Eb Diminished 5th (Also known as a Flatted 5th) A to E Perfect 5th A to F minor 6th A to F# Major 6th A to G minor 7th A to G# Major 7th A to A Octave A pattern emerges: minor, Major, minor, Major. Except for the Perfect-Diminished-Perfect sequence around the 4th, flatted 5th, and 5th, everything is minor, Major, minor, Major. ***** I dont know notes, and not sure what is minor and major? How can i understand those lessons? Should i read some other lesson before i start with this one? Help please.
laid-to-waste wrote: cadeaaron07 wrote: i had to cheat using my guitar on the ear trainer. my percentage increased dramatically after i started using it. except i cant figure out what a tritone is. can anybody explain that one? tritone is the same as a flatted 5th/diminished 5th/augmented 5th it means three whole steps from root.
Actually, the augmented 5th is enharmonic with the minor 6th, so it isn't the same as the tritone. And technically, I may be wrong, but isn't the tritone definition only used for the whole tone scale?
That damn pic is 2 small I cna't see crap xD...Good article though
Technically, one of the reason is that a second has to be two letter places above the root - A# would appear as a raised root (incorrect), Bb a flatted second (correct.) It's helpful when naming chords, among other things. Just ask yourself what accidental sign gets you the right LETTER PLACE, and add the appropriate sharp or flat. Hope that helps! Josh www.joshurban.blogspot.com
I'm impressed, although I play acoustic guitar so I can't help but feel I'm in the wrong place lol... I find the ear trainer thoroughly frustrating though I have to admit... And I can't find your blog >< But all in all cheers, I'll work on it
[quote="Obder"]Aww man the picture's all messed up and I can't find a picture like it anywhere [/quote] Yeah, can we get a better picture, please? It would help us a lot
So to clearify... The list (the "A to A Unison" and so on) just lists the names of the intervals. To be honest I think it would work better if the list also explain the amount of halfsteps. But what the hell, I get it, to hell with the rest XD
shoudn't it be a G# for the a major scale?? great article though,this is really helped me since i am just starting to understand theory,
So would the A minor scale be A Bb C D E F G A?
and also how do i figure out the interval patterns on the 2 or 3rd strings if the patterns different. thats all it really said
I know this thread is a bit dead now but the only thing I'm stuck on is this: A to A Unison A to Bb minor 2nd A to B Major 2nd A to C minor 3rd A to C# Major 3rd A to D Perfect 4th A to Eb Diminished 5th (Also known as a Flatted 5th) A to E Perfect 5th A to F minor 6th A to F# Major 6th A to G minor 7th A to G# Major 7th A to A Octave I understand what enharmonics are, but why not refer to Bb as A# and that way all the notes that are there are sharps? Is there are reason Bb is labelled as a flat rather than a sharp? And does this extend to other keys? For example, are Minor intervals always referred in terms of flats? :S I'm pretty confused with this thing.
I think the interval trainer is about knowing how much of a jump in between the notes you're having. A to A is a Unison, and so is B-B and C-C. If you jump a half step between your first note and your second note. Then you will be having a minor 2nd note. And if you are jumping a whole step then you'll be having a Major 2nd. Am I right?
i've heard the diminished fifth called the tritone (devils note) before